Department of
PHYSICS-AND-ELECTRONICS






Syllabus for
Master of Science (Physics)
Academic Year  (2019)

 
1 Semester - 2019 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MPH131 CLASSICAL MECHANICS 4 4 100
MPH132 ANALOG AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS 4 4 100
MPH133 QUANTUM MECHANICS - I 4 4 100
MPH134 MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS - I 4 4 100
MPH135 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 2 2 50
MPH151 GENERAL PHYSICS LAB - I 4 2 100
MPH152 ELECTRONICS LAB 4 2 100
2 Semester - 2019 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MPH231 STATISTICAL PHYSICS 4 04 100
MPH232 ELECTRODYNAMICS 4 4 100
MPH233 QUANTUM MECHANICS - II 4 4 100
MPH234 MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS - II 4 4 100
MPH235 RESEARCH TECHNIQUES AND TOOLS 2 2 50
MPH251 GENERAL PHYSICS LAB - II 4 2 100
MPH252 COMPUTATIONAL METHODS IN PHYSICS 4 2 100
3 Semester - 2018 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MPH331 NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS 4 4 100
MPH332 SOLID STATE PHYSICS 4 4 100
MPH333 ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND LASER PHYSICS 4 4 100
MPH341A ELEMENTS OF MATERIALS SCIENCE (SPECIAL - I) 4 4 100
MPH341B ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTATION (SPECIAL - I) 4 4 100
MPH341C INTRODUCTION TO ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS (SPECIAL - I) 4 4 100
MPH351 GENERAL PHYSICS LAB - III 4 2 100
MPH352A MATERIAL SCIENCE LAB - I 4 2 100
MPH352B ELECTRONICS LAB - I 4 2 100
MPH352C ASTROPHYSICS LAB - I 4 2 100
MPH381 SEMINAR - TEACHING TECHNOLOGY 2 1 50
4 Semester - 2018 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MPH431 NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY RESOURCES 4 4 100
MPH432 SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES 4 4 100
MPH441A SYNTHESIS OF MATERIALS 4 4 100
MPH441B PHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES (SPECIAL-II) 4 4 100
MPH441C STELLAR ASTROPHYSICS 4 4 100
MPH442A CHARACTERIZATION OF MATERIALS 4 4 100
MPH442B ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION 4 4 100
MPH442C GALACTIC ASTRONOMY AND COSMOLOGY 4 4 100
MPH451A MATERIAL SCIENCE LAB - II 4 2 100
MPH451B ELECTRONICS LAB - II 4 2 100
MPH451C ASTROPHYSICS LAB - II 4 2 100
MPH481 SUMMER INTERNSHIP 1 1 50
MPH482 PROJECT 4 2 100
        

  

Assesment Pattern

 

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test (Centralized)

MST

2 hours(50 marks)

25

CIA 2

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

Before MST

--

10

CIA 3

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

After MST

--

10

CIA 4

Attendance

(76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5)

--

5

ESE

Centralized

3 hours(100 marks)

50

 

Total

100

 

Examination And Assesments

 

Continuous internal assessment (CIA) forms 50% and the end semester examination forms the other 50% of the marks in both theory and practical. For the Holistic and Seminar course, there is no end semester examination and hence the mark is awarded through CIA. CIA marks are awarded based on their performance in assignments (written material to be submitted and valued), mid-semester test (MST), and class assignments (Quiz, presentations, problem solving etc.). The mid-semester examination and the end semester examination for each theory paper will be for three hours duration. The CIA for practical sessions is done on a day to day basis depending on their performance in the pre-lab, the conduct of the experiment, and presentation of lab reports. Only those students who qualify with minimum required attendance and CIA will be allowed to appear for the end semester examination.

 

Examination pattern for theory

 

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test (Centralized)

MST

2 hours(50 marks)

25

CIA 2

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

Before MST

--

10

CIA 3

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

After MST

--

10

CIA 4

Attendance

(76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5)

--

5

ESE

Centralized

3 hours(100 marks)

50

 

Total

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

End-Semester Exam [ESE]

 

       A student is eligible to appear for the ESE only if she/he has put in 85% of attendance and satisfactory performance in the continuous internal assessment.

 

       The question paper shall be set for 100 marks. These marks will then be reduced to 50% of the total marks assigned for the paper.

 

       There is no provision for taking improvement exams. If a student fails in an ESE paper, he can take the exam again the next time it is offered.

 

       The practical examination shall be conducted with an internal (batch teacher) and an external examiner.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Examination pattern for practical

 

 

 

No.

Component

Duration

Points

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test [MST]

4 hours

50

25

CIA 2

Class work, Pre-lab Assignments

---

40

20

CIA 3

Record book

---

10

05

ESE

(Two examiners)

4 Hours

50

50

 

Total

 

 

100

 

Department Overview:
Department Overview The Physics and Electronics department of Christ University was established in 1969, initiating B.Sc course with Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics (PCM) combination and subsequently Physics, Mathematics and Electronics(PME) combination in the year 1986. The department traces its root as a postgraduate center affiliated to Bangalore University in 1993 with molecular and crystal physics as specialization. Under the autonomous institution system, the department has offered specialization in electronics for MSc in 2007. Under the ?Deemed to be University? status, in 2008, MPhil and PhD programmes have been initiated. Over the years, the department has become one of the best centers for quality higher education offered at the postgraduate and research levels. The faculty consists of physicists, dedicated to quality undergraduate and post graduate education and to the advancement of knowledge in physics. Research has been activated in the concerned subject areas both on campus and in collaboration with researchers at other institutions. The faculty members of the department carry out research in many frontier areas, which includes crystallography, superconductivity, nano-materials, nuclear physics and astrophysics. Faculty members and students have been recognized by national/international institutions in terms of awards and fellowships.The department has undertaken minor and major research projects supported by funding agencies such as UGC, DST and Centre for
Mission Statement:
To instill scientific temper and intellectual vigor among students, for contributing to the needs of the society, by providing an environment of learning and knowledge creation through academic accompaniment.
Introduction to Program:
Introduction to the programme The postgraduate programme in physics helps to provide in depth knowledge of the subject which is supplemented with tutorials, brain storming ideas and problem solving efforts pertaining to each theory and practical course. The two year M.Sc programme offers 16 theory papers and 7 laboratory modules, in addition to the foundation courses and guided project spreading over four semesters. Foundation courses and seminars are introduced to help the students to achieve holistic development and to prepare themselves to face the world outside in a dignified manner. Study tour to reputed national laboratories, research institutions and industries, under the supervision of the department is part of the curriculum.
Program Objective:
Programme Objectives ? To prepare students for their future educational and career challenges through innovative teaching and learning process. ? To continuously upgrade the research activities and to contribute in the frontier areas of science and technology. ? To impart quality higher education to meet the growing needs of the stake holders. ? To fulfill the vision and mission of the institution in a holistic approach

MPH131 - CLASSICAL MECHANICS (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This course is intended to make the students familiar with Newtonian mechanics and constraints, Rotating frames of reference and central force, Canonical transformation, Poissons bracket and equations of motion, Small oscillations and rigid body dynamics.

Learning Outcome

Classical mechanics explores the different natural phenomena that students experience in every day life.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Constraints and Lagrangian formulation
 

Mechanics of a particle, mechanics of a system of particles, constraints and their classification, principle of virtual work, D'Alembert's principle, Generalized co-ordinates, Lagrange's equations of motion, applications of Lagrangian formulation (simple pendulum, Atwood's machine, bead sliding in a wire), cyclic co-ordinates, concept of symmetry, homogeneity and isotropy, invariance under Galilean transformations

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Rotating Frames of Reference and Central Force
 

Rotating frames, inertial forces in the rotating frame, effects of Coriolis force, Foucault's pendulum, Central force: definition and examples, Two-body central force problem, classification of orbits, stability of circular orbits, condition for closure of orbits, Kepler's laws, Virial theorem, Applications.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Canonical Transformation, Poisson Bracket and Hamilton's Equations of motion
 

Canonical transformations, Generating functions, conditions of canonical transformation, examples, Legandre's dual transformation, Hamilton's function, Hamilton's equation of motion, properties of Hamiltonian and Hamilton's equations of motion, Poisson Brackets,
properties of Poisson bracket, elementary PB's, Poisson's theorem, Jacobi-Poisson theorem on PBs, Invariance of PB under canonical transformations, PBs involving angular momentum, principle of Least action, Hamilton's principle, derivation of Hamilton's equations of motion from Hamilton's principle, Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Solution of simple harmonic oscillator by Hamilton-Jacobi method

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Small Oscillations and Rigid Body Dynamics
 

Types of equilibrium and the potential at equilibrium, Lagrange's equations for small oscillations using generalized co-ordinates, normal modes, vibrations of carbon dioxide molecule Forced and damped oscillations, resonance, Degrees of freedom of a free rigid body, angular momentum, Euler's equation of motion for rigid body, time variation of rotational kinetic energy, Rotation of a free rigid body, Eulerian angles, Motion of a heavy symmetric top rotating about fixed point in the body under the action of gravity

Text Books And Reference Books:
  1. N. C. Rana and P.S. Joag: Classical Mechanics, TMH, 1994.
  2. H. Goldstein: Classical Mechanics, Addison Wesley, 3rd Edition 2001.
  3. K. N. Srinivasa Rao: Classical Mechanics, University Press, 2002.
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
  1. R. G. Takwale and P. S. Puranik: Introduction to Classical Mechanics, TMGH, New Delhi, 1983.
  2. W. Greiner: Classical Mechanics: System of particles and Hamiltonian Dynamics, Springer-Verlag, New York, 2004.
  3. K. C. Gupta: Classical Mechanics of Particles and Rigid bodies, Wiley Eastern Ltd, 1988.
  4. V. Barger and M. Olsson: Classical Mechanics- A modern perspective, 2nd Edn, McGraw Hill, 1995.
Evaluation Pattern

Type

Components

Marks

CIA1

Assignments/class room interaction/seminar/project presentation/periodical test

10

CIA2

MSE (centralized)

25

CIA3

Quiz, MCQ test, seminar presentation, scientific models, science project, MOOC

10

Attendance

 

05

ESE

Centralized

50

Total

 

100

MPH132 - ANALOG AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This module introduces the students to the applications of analog and digital integrated circuits. First part of the module deals with the operational amplifier, linear applications of op-amp., active filters, oscillators, non-linear applications of op-amp, timer and voltage regulators. The second part deals with digital circuits which exposes to the logic gates, encoders and decoders, flip-flops registers and counters.

Learning Outcome

General awarness  about analog and digital integrated circuits halps to realize various practical applications. Student will be able to understand the design of analog and digital cicuit on completion of this module

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Linear applications of op-amp.
 

The ideal op-amp: Characteristics of an op-amp., the ideal op-amp., Equivalent circuit of an op-amp., Voltage series feedback amplifier - voltage gain, input resistance and output resistance, Voltage follower. Voltage shunt feedback amplifier - virtual ground, voltage gain, input resistance and output resistance, Current to voltage converter. Differential amplifier with one op-amp. - voltage gain, input resistance.

Linear applications: AC amplifier, AC amplifier with single supply voltage, Summing amplifier, Inverting and non-inverting amplifier, Differential summing amplifier, Instrumentation amplifier using transducer bridge, The integrator, The differentiator.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Non-linear applications of op-amp.
 

Active filters and Oscillators: First order low pass filter, Second order low pass filter, First order high pass filter, Second order high pass filter, Phase shift Oscillator, Wien-bridge oscillator, Square wave generator.

Non-linear circuits: Comparator, Schmitt trigger, Digital to analog converter with weighted resistors and R-2R resistors, Positive and negative clippers, Small signal half wave rectifier, Positive and negative clampers.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Combinational digital circuits
 

Logic gates: The basic gates - OR, AND, NOT, NOR gates, NAND gates, Boolean laws and theorems (Review only). Karnaugh map, Simplification of SOP equations, Simplification of POS equations, Exclusive OR gates.

Combinational circuits: Multiplexer, De-multiplexer, 1-16 decoder, BCD to decimal decoder, Seven segment decoder, Encoder, Half adder, Full adder.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Sequential digital circuits
 

Flip flops: RS flip-flop, Clocked RS flip-flop, Edge triggered RS flip-flop, D flip-flop, JK flip-flop, JK master-slave flip-flop.

Registers: Serial input serial output shift register, Serial input parallel output shift register, Parallel input serial output shift register, Parallel input parallel output shift register, Ring counter.

Counters: Ripple counter, Decoding gates, Synchronous counter, Decade counter, Shift counter - Johnson counter.

Text Books And Reference Books:
  1. R. A. Gayakwad: Op-amps. and Linear Integrated circuits, PHI, New Delhi 2002.
  2. D. P. Leach and A. P. Malvino: Digital Principles and Applications, TMGH, 2002.
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
  1. R. P. Jain: Modern Digital Electronics, TMGH, 1997.
Evaluation Pattern

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test (Centralized)

MST

2 hours(50 marks)

25

CIA 2

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

Before MST

--

10

CIA 3

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

After MST

--

10

CIA 4

Attendance

(76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5)

--

5

ESE

Centralized

3 hours(100 marks)

50

 

Total

100

MPH133 - QUANTUM MECHANICS - I (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Quantum mechanics being an essential component in understanding the behaviour of fundamental constituents of matter is divided in to two modules spreading over first and second semesters. The first module is intended to familiarize the students with the Principles of quantum mechanics, exactly solvable eigenvalue problems, Time-independent and time-dependent perturbation theory and scattering theory.

Learning Outcome

The subject provides theoretical knowledge about nano, micro and macro world of matter.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Basics of Quantum mechanics
 

 Review - origin of quantum mechanics (particle aspects, wave aspects and wave-particle duality), uncertainty principle, Schrodinger equation, time evolution of a wave packet, probability current density, continuity equation, orthogonality and normalization of the wave function, box normalization, admissibility conditions on the wave function, Operators, Hermitian operators, Poisson brackets and commutators, Eigen values, Eigen functions, postulates of quantum mechanics, expectation values, Ehrenfest’s theorems.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:20
Exactly solvable eigenvalue problems
 

Bound and unbound states of a system. Application of time independent Schrodinger wave equation: Potential step, rectangular potential barriers - reflection and transmission coefficient, barrier penetration; particle in a one dimensional box and in a cubical box, density of states; one dimensional linear harmonic oscillator - evaluation of expectation values of x2 and px2; Orbital angular momentum operators - expressions in cartesian and polar coordinates, eigenvalue and eigenfunctions, spherical harmonics, Rigid rotator; Hydrogen atom - solution of radial equation.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Approximation methods
 

Time independent perturbation theory: First and second order perturbation theory applied to non-degenerate case; first order perturbation theory for degenerate case, application to normal Zeeman effect and Stark effect in hydrogen atom.

 

Time dependent perturbation theory: First order perturbation, Harmonic perturbation, Fermi’s golden rule, Adiabatic approximation method, Sudden approximation method.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:10
Scattering Theory
 

Scattering cross section, Differential and total cross section, Born approximation for the scattering amplitude, scattering by spherically symmetric potentials, screened coulomb potential, Partial wave analysis for scattering amplitude, expansion of a plane wave into partial waves, phase shift, cross section expansion, s-wave scattering by a square well, Optical theorem.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. A K. Ghatak and S. Lokanathan, Quantum Mechanics, McMillan India Ltd, 1997.

2. N. Zettli, Quantum Mechanics, Wiley India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 2017

3. G. Aruldhas, Quantum Mechanics, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi 2010.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. D. A. B. Miller, Quantum Mechanics for Scientists & Engineers, Cambridge

University Press, 2008.

2. S. Gasiorowicz, Quantum Mechanics, John Wiley & Sons, 1974

3. L. I. Schiff, Quantum Mechanics, McGraw Hill Publishers, 2012.

4. J. J. Sakurai, Modern Quantum Mechanics, Pearon Education Asia, 2002.

5. R. Shankar, Principles of Quantum Mechanics, 2ndEdn., Springer, New York, 2008.

6. K. Tamvakis, Problems & Solutions in Quantum Mechanics, Cambridge University

Press, 2005.

7. P. M. Mathews and A. Venkatesan, Quantum Mechanics, TMH Publishers, 1995.

8. D. J. Griffiths, Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, Prentice Hall Inc., 1995.

9. B. Crasemann and J. H. Powell, Quantum Mechanics, Narosa Publishing House,

1988.

10. L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Quantum Mechanics, Pergamon Press, 1965

Evaluation Pattern

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test (Centralized)

MST

2 hours(50 marks)

25

CIA 2

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations 

Before MST

--

10

CIA 3

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations 

After MST

--

10

CIA 4

Attendance 

(76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5) 

--

5

ESE

Centralized 

3 hours(100 marks)

50

 

Total

100

MPH134 - MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS - I (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

A sound mathematical background is essential to understand and appreciate the principles of physics. This module is intended to make the students familiar with the applications of tensors and matrices, Special functions, partial differential equations and integral transformations, Green’s functions and integral equations.

Learning Outcome

The programme aims to develop problem solving skills in mathematics. It also aims to develop critical questioning and creative thinking capability to formulate ideas mathematically.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Vector analysis and Tensors
 

Vectors and matrices: Review (vector algebra and vector calculus, gradient, divergence & curl), transformation of vectors, rotation of the coordinate axes, invariance of the scalar and vector products under rotations, Vector integration, Line, surface and volume integrals – Stoke’s, Gauss’s and Green’s theorems (Problems), Vector analysis in curved coordinate, special coordinate system - circular, cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates, linear algebra matrices, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

Definition of Tensors, Kronecker delta, Contravariant and covariant tensors, direct product, Contraction, inner product, quotient rule, symmetric and anti-symmetric tensors, metric tensor, Levi Cevita symbol, simple applications of tensors in non-relativistic physics.                                                                        15 hrs

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Special Functions
 

Beta and Gamma functions, different forms of beta and gamma functions. Dirac delta function. Kronecker delta,

Power series method for ordinary differential equations, Series solution for Legendre equation, Legendre polynomials and their properties, Series solution for Bessel equation, Bessel and Neumann functions and their properties, Series solution for Laguerre equation, it's solutions and properties (generating function, recurrence relations and orthogonality properties for all functions).                                                       15 hrs

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Partial Differential Equations and Integral Transforms
 

Method of separation of variables, the wave equation, Laplace equation in cartesian, cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates, heat conduction equations and their solutions in one, two and three dimensions.

Review of Fourier series, Fourier integrals, Fourier transform, Properties of Fourier sine and cosine transforms, applications. Laplace transformations, properties, convolution theorem, inverse Laplace transform, Evaluation of Laplace transforms and applications.                                                                       15 hrs

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Green's functions and Integral equations
 

Dirac delta function, properties of Dirac delta function, three dimensional delta functions,

Boundary value problems, Sturnm-Liouville differential operator, Green’s function of one-dimensional problems, discontinuity in the derivative of Green’s functions, properties of Green’s functions, Construction of Green’s functions in special cases and solutions of inhomogeneous differential equations, Green’s function- symmetry of Green’s function, eigenfunction expansion of Green’s functions, Green’s function for Poisson equation.

Linear integral equations of first and second kind, Relationship between integral and differential equations, Solution of Fredholm and Volterra equations by Neumann series method.                             15hrs

Text Books And Reference Books:

Essential Reading:

[1]. S. Prakash: Mathematical Physics, S. Chand and Sons, 2004.

[2]. H. K. Dass: Mathematical Physics, S. Chand and Sons, 2008.

[3].G. B. Arfken, H. J. Weber and F. E. Harris: Mathematical methods for physicists, 7th Edn., Academic press, 2013.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Recommended Reading:

[1]. Murray R. Spiegel, Theory and problems of vector analysis, (Schaum’s outline series)

[2]. M. L. Boas: Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences, 2nd Edn, Wiley 1983.

[3]. K.F. Riley, M.P Hobson, S. J. Bence, Mathematical methods for Physics and Engineering,  Cambridge University Press (Chapter 24)

[4]. P. K. Chattopadhyaya: Mathematical Physics, Wiley Eastern, 1990.

[5]. E. Kryszig: Advanced Engineering Mathematics, John Wiley, 2005.

[6]. Sadri Hassani: Mathematical Methods for students of Physics and related fields, Springer 2000.

[7]. J. Mathews and R. Walker: Mathematical Physics, Benjamin, Pearson Education, 2006.

[8]. A W. Joshi: Tensor analysis, New Age, 1995.

[9]. L. A. Piper: Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists, McGraw-Hill 1958.

Evaluation Pattern

 

No

Components

Marks

CIA1

Assignments

10

CIA2

MSE

25

CIA3

Quiz, MCQ, test, presentation,project, MOOC

10

Attendance

 

05

ESE

Centralized

50

Total

 

100

 

MPH135 - RESEARCH METHODOLOGY (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30
No of Lecture Hours/Week:2
Max Marks:50
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

 

The research methodology module is intended to assist students in planning and carrying out research projects. The students are exposed to the principles, procedures and techniques of implementing a research project. In this module the students are exposed to elementary scientific methods, design and execution of experiments, analysis and reporting of experimental data.

 

Learning Outcome

The students are expected to get well-versed in writing research articles at the end of this course. It will expose them on how to formulate and devise research problems.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Research Methodology
 

 

Introduction - meaning of research - objectives of research - motivation in research, types of research - research approaches - significance of research -research methods versus methodology - research and scientific method, importance of knowing how research is done - research processes - criteria of good research - defining research problem - selecting the problem, necessity of defining the problem - techniques involved in defining a problem - research design - meaning of research design - need for research design - features of good design, different research designs - basic principles of experimental design. Resources for research - research skills - time management, role of supervisor and scholar - interaction with subject experts. Thesis Writing: The preliminary pages and the introduction - the literature review, methodology - the data analysis - the conclusions, the references (IEEE format)

 

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Review of Literature & Online searching
 

 

Literature Review: Significance of review of literature - source for literature: books -journals – proceedings - thesis and dissertations - unpublished items.

On-line Searching: Database – SciFinder – Scopus - Science Direct - Searching research articles - Citation Index - Impact Factor - H-index etc.

Document preparation system: Latex, beamer, Overleaf-Writing scientific report - structure and components of research report - revision and refining’ - writing project proposal - paper writing for international journals, submitting to editors - conference presentation - preparation of effective slides, graphs - citation styles.

 

Text Books And Reference Books:

 

  1. C. R. Kothari, Research Methodology Methods and Techniques, 2nd. ed. New Delhi: New Age International Publishers, 2009.

  2. R. Panneerselvam, Research Methodology, New Delhi: PHI, 2005.

  3. P. Oliver, Writing Your Thesis, New Delhi:Vistaar Publications, 2004.

 

 

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
  1. J. W. Creswell, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, 3nd. ed. Sage Publications, 2008.

  2. Kumar, Research Methodology: A Step by Step Guide for Beginners, 2nd. ed. Indian: PE, 2005.

  3. B. C. Nakra and K. K. Chaudhry, Instrumentation, Measurement and Analysis, 2nd. ed. New Delhi: TMH publishing Co. Ltd., 2005.

  4. I. Gregory, Ethics in Research, Continuum, 2005.

  5. F. Mittelbach and M. Goossens, The LATEX Companion, 2nd. ed. Addison Wesley, 2004.

 

Evaluation Pattern

 

No

Component

Max Marks

Weightage

1

CIA 1

20

10

2

Mid Sem (CIA 2)

30

10

3

CIA 3

20

10

4

ESE

50

20

 

Total

 

50

MPH151 - GENERAL PHYSICS LAB - I (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Ten experiments are included in Laboratory 1, General Physics-1. The experiments are selected from mechanics, properties of matter and thermodynamics. Suitable experimental techniques are adopted to make the students familiar with the use of basic measuring instruments.

Learning Outcome

The students will aquire practical exposure about the theory learned in the classrooms.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:30
Cycle-1
 

1. Elastic constants of glass plate by Cornu's interference method.
2. Study of thermoemf and verification of thermoelectric laws
3. Wavelength of iron arc spectral lines using constant deviation spectrometer.
4. Energy gap of the semi-conducting material used in a PN junction.
5. Characteristics of a solar cell.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:30
Cycle-2
 

6. Stefan's constant of radiation.
7. Relaxation time constant of a serial bulb.
8. e/m by Millikan's oil drop method
9. Study of elliptically polarized light by using photovoltaic cell.
10. Study of absorption of light in different liquid media using photovoltaic cell.

Text Books And Reference Books:
  1. B. L. Worsnop and H. T. Flint: Advanced Practical Physics for students, Asia Publishing house, New Delhi 1984.
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
  1. F. W. Sears, M. W. Zemansky and H. D. Young: University Physics, 6th Edn., Narosa publishing house, 1998.
  2. S. O. Pillai: Solid State Physics, New Age international Ltd. 1997.
  3. C. W. Fischer: Elementary technique to measure the energy band gap and diffusion potential of pn junctions, Am. J. Phys, 50, 1103 (1982).
  4. P. J. Collings: Simple Measurement of the band gap in silicon and germanium, Am. J. Phys., 48, 197 (1980).
  5. M. Mcinally: A Stefan’s constant apparatus showing anomalous behaviour, Physics Education, 17 (1982).
  6. L. Schawlow: Measuring the Wavelength of Light with a Ruler, Am. J. Phys, 33, 922 (1965).
  7. S. Chadda and S. P. Mallikarjun Rao: Determination of Ultrasonic Velocity in Liquids Using Optical Diffraction By Short Acoustic Pulses, Am. J. Phys. 47, 464 (1979).
Evaluation Pattern

No.

Component

Duration

Points

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test [MST]

4 hours

50

25

CIA 2

Class work, Pre-lab Assignments

---

40

20

CIA 3

Record book

---

10

05

ESE

(Two examiners)

4 Hours

50

50

 

Total

 

 

100

MPH152 - ELECTRONICS LAB (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Electronics being an integral part of Physics, Laboratory 2, Electronics is dedicated to experiments related to Electronic components and circuits. The experiments are selected to make the students familiar with the commonly used electronic components and their application in electronic circuits. During the course, the students will get to know the use of various electronic measuring instruments for the measurement of various parameters.

Learning Outcome

The students will get a practical knowledge about basic electronic circuits used in various devices and domestic appliances.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:30
Cycle-1
 

1. Transistor multivibrator.
2. Half wave and full wave rectifier using op-amp.
3. Op-amp. voltage regulator.
4. Op-amp. inverting and non-inverting amplifier.
5. Timer 555, square wave generator and timer.
a) RS flip-flop using NAND gates, b) Decade counter using JK flip-flops.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:30
Cycle-2
 

6. Half adder and full adder using NAND gates.
7. Construction of adder, subtractor, differentiator and integrator circuits using the given Op-amp.
8. Construction of a D/A converter circuit and study its performance-R-2R and Weighted resistor network.
9. JK Flip-Flop and up-down counter
10. Differential Amplifier with Op-Amp

Text Books And Reference Books:
  1. R. A. Gayakwad: Op-amps. and Linear Integrated Circuits, PHI, 2002.
  2. R. P. Jain: Modern Digital Electronics, TMH, 1997.
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
  1. C. S. Rangan, G. R. Sharma and V .S. V. Mani: Instrumentation devices and systems, II Edn, TMH, New Delhi, 1997.
  2. B. C. Nakra and K. K. Chaudhary: Instrumentation measurement analysis, TMH, New Delhi, 2004.
Evaluation Pattern

No.

Component

Duration

Points

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test [MST]

4 hours

50

25

CIA 2

Class work, Prelab Assignments

---

40

20

CIA 3

Record book

---

10

05

ESE

(Two examiners)

4 Hours

50

50

 

Total

 

 

100

MPH231 - STATISTICAL PHYSICS (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:04

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The objective of the course, MPH 231- statistical physics enable the students to explore the basic concepts and description of various topics such as phase space, ensembles, partition functions, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac gases, non-equilibrium states, and fluctuations.

Learning Outcome

Detailed theoretical understanding of the topics such as phase space, ensembles, partition functions, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac gases, non-equilibrium states, and fluctuations, develop problem-solving skills and ability to correlate scientific applications.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Basic concepts
 

 Introduction, phase space, ensembles (microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles), ensemble average, Liouville theorem, conservation of extension in phase space, condition for statistical equilibrium, microcanonical ensemble, ideal gas. Quantum picture: Microcanonical ensemble, quantization of phase space, basic postulates, classical limit, symmetry of wave functions, effect of symmetry on counting, distribution laws.      

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Ensembles and Partition Functions
 

Gibb’s paradox and its resolution, Canonical ensemble, entropy of a system in contact with a heat reservoir, ideal gas in canonical ensemble, Maxwell velocity distribution, equipartition theorem of energy, Grand canonical ensemble, ideal gas in grand canonical ensemble, comparison of various ensembles. Canonical partition function, molecular partition function, translational partition function, rotational partition function, application of rotational partition function, application of vibrational partition function to solids

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Ideal Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac gases
 

Bose-Einstein distribution, Applications, Bose-Einstein condensation, thermodynamic properties of an ideal Bose-Einstein gas, liquid helium, two fluid model of liquid helium-II, Fermi-Dirac (FD) distribution, degeneracy, electrons in metals, thermionic emission, magnetic susceptibility of free electrons. Application to white dwarfs , High temperature limits of BE and FD statistics

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Non Equilibrium States and Fluctuations
 

Boltzmann transport equation, particle diffusion, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, isothermal Hall effect, Quantum Hall effect. Introduction to fluctuations, mean square deviation, fluctuations in ensembles, concentration fluctuations in quantum statistics, one dimensional random walk, electrical noise (Nyquist theorem).   Fluctuations in FD and BE gases, WinerKhintchine theorem             

Text Books And Reference Books:

[1].   F. Reif: Statistical and Thermal Physics, McGraw Hill International, 1985.

[2].   K. Huang: Statistical Mechanics, Wiley Eastern Limited, 1991.

[3].   J. K. Bhattacharjee: Statistical Physics: Equilibrium and Non Equilibrium Aspects, Allied Publishers Limited, 1997.

[4].   R. A. Salinas: Introduction to Statistical Physics, Springer, 2nd Edn,2006. 

[5].   E. S. R. Gopal: Statistical Mechanics and properties of matter, Macmillan, India 1976.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

[1].   B. K. Agarwal and M. Eisner: Statistical Mechanics, New Age International, 2ndEdn, 1998.

      [2].   R. K. Pathria: Statistical Mechanics, Butterworth Heinemann, 2ndEdn, 2006. 

Evaluation Pattern

 

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test (Centralized)

MST

2 hours(50 marks)

25

CIA 2

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

Before MST

--

10

CIA 3

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

After MST

--

10

CIA 4

Attendance

(76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5)

--

5

ESE

Centralized

3 hours(100 marks)

50

 

Total

100

 

MPH232 - ELECTRODYNAMICS (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This module introduces the students to the principles and applications of Electrostatics, Magneto statics, Electrodynamics and Electromagnetic waves.

Learning Outcome

The theory of electrodynamics is helpful to realize various applications.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Electrostatics and magnetostatics
 

Electrostatics: Review of electrostatics, Electrostatic boundary conditions, Poisson’s equation and Laplace’s equation, uniqueness theorem.  Solution to Laplace’s equation in a) Cartesian coordinates, applications: i) rectangular box and ii) parallel plate condenser, b) spherical coordinates, applications: potential outside a charged conducting sphere and c) cylindrical coordinates, applications: potential between two co-axial charged conducting cylinders. Method of images: Potential and field due to a  point charge i) near an infinite conducting sphere and ii) in front of a grounded conducting sphere. Magnetostatics:  Review of magnetostatics, Multipole expansion of the vector potential, diamagnets, paramagnets and ferromagnets, magnetic field inside matter, Ampere’s law in magnetized materials, Magnetic susceptibility and permeability

 

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Electromagnetic waves
 

Review of Maxwell’s equations, Maxwell’s equations in matter, Boundary conditions. Poynting’s theorem, wave equation, Electromagnetic waves in vacuum, energy and momentum in electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic waves in matter, Reflection and transmission at normal incidence, Reflection and transmission at oblique incidence. Electromagnetic waves in conductors, reflection at a conducting surface, and frequency dependence of permittivity.                                                                                                                                                                                 

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Waveguides and potential formulation
 

Waveguides: Rectangular wave guides(uncoupled equations), TE mode, TM mode, wave propagation in the guide, wave guide resonators-TM mode to z, TE mode for z.  Potential formulation: Scalar and vector potentials, Gauge transformations, Coulomb and Lorentz gauge, retarded potentials, Lienard-Wiechert potentials, the electric and magnetic fields of a moving point charge.                                                                                                                                                                          

 

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Electromagnetic radiation and relativistic electrodynamics
 

 

Electric dipole radiation, magnetic dipole radiation, Power radiated by a point charge, radiation reaction, mechanism responsible for radiation reaction. 

Relativistic Electrodynamics: Review of Lorentz transformations. Magnetism as a Relativistic Phenomenon, Transformation of electric and magnetic Fields,  Electric field of a point charge in uniform motion, Field Tensor, Electrodynamics in Tensor Notation, Relativistic Potentials                                                                                                                                                                                                

Text Books And Reference Books:
  1. D. J. Griffiths: Introduction to electrodynamics, Prentice Hall of India, 2002.
  2. M. N. O. Sadiku: Elements of Electromagnetics, 4th Edn, Oxford Press, 2010.
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
  1. R. N. Singh: Electromagnetic waves and fields, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1991.
  2. P. Lorrain and D. Corson: Electromagnetic fields and waves, CBS, 1986.
  3. D. F. Jackson: Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd Edn, 1999.
  4. W. K. H. Panofsky and M. Phillips: Classical Electricity and Magnetism, Dover Publications 2nd Edn. 2012.
Evaluation Pattern

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test (Centralized)

MST

2 hours(50 marks)

25

CIA 2

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

Before MST

--

10

CIA 3

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

After MST

--

10

CIA 4

Attendance

(76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5)

--

5

ESE

Centralized

3 hours(100 marks)

50

 

Total

100

MPH233 - QUANTUM MECHANICS - II (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This course introduces the students to alternative quantum mechanical approch, the matrix mechanics, momentum space and the different descriptions such as Schrodinger picture, Heisenberg picture and Dirac's approach. Going forward, it also introduces students with the need for spin angular momentum, addition of angular momenta, symmetry and consequences, identical particles, Pauli exclusion principle. Finally it deals with the realtivistic quantum mechanics.

Learning Outcome

Students will be able to learn and appreciate new topics such as alternative quantum mechanical approch, the matrix mechanics, momentum space and the different descriptions- Schrodinger picture, Heisenberg picture and Dirac's approach. Also spin angular momentum, addition of angular momenta, symmetry and consequences, identical particles, Pauli exclusion principle and realtivistic quantum mechanics.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
General formalism of quantum mechanics
 

Hilbert space, Dirac’s bra and ket notation, projection operator and its properties, unitary transformation, Eigen values and Eigen vectors: Eigen functions of commuting operators with and without degeneracy, complete set of commuting operators, co-ordinate and momentum representation. Equation of motion: Schrodinger picture, Heisenberg picture and Interaction picture. Generalized uncertainty relation. Harmonic oscillator solved by matrix method.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Angular momentum
 

Angular momentum operator, angular momentum as rotational operator, Concept of intrinsic spin, total angular momentum operator, commutation relations, ladder operators, eigenvalue spectrum of J2 and Jz, Pauli spin matrices and eigen vectors of spin half systems, matrix representation of Jx, Jy and Jz, J2in |jm> basis, addition of two angular momenta, Evaluation of Clebsch-Gordan coefficients, singlet and triplet states.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Symmetry and its consequences
 

Translational symmetry in space and conservation of linear momentum, translational symmetry in time and conservation of energy, Rotational symmetry and angular momentum conservation, symmetry and degeneracy, parity (space inversion) symmetry, even and odd parity operators, Identical particles: Permutation symmetry, construction of symmetric and anti-symmetric wave functions, spin statistics connection (Bosons and Fermions), Pauli exclusion principle, Slater determinant, scattering of identical particles.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Relativistic quantum mechanics
 

Klein-Gordan equation for a free particle and its failures, Dirac equation for a free particle, Dirac matrices, orthonormality and completeness of free particle solutions, spin of the Dirac particle-positron, Dirac hole theory, Dirac equation for central potentials, magnetic moment of the Dirac particle, Non-relativistic approximation and spin-orbit interaction energy. Energy eigenvalues of hydrogen atom.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. G. Aruldhas: Quantum Mechanics, Prentice Hall of India, 2010. 

2. L. I. Schiff: Quantum Mechanics, McGraw Hill Publishers, 2012. 

3. P. A. M. Dirac: The Principles of Quantum Mechanics, Oxford, 1967.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. D. A. B. Miller: Quantum Mechanics for Scientists & Engineers, Cambridge University Press, 2008.

2. P. M. Mathews and A. Venkatesan: Quantum Mechanics, TMH Publishers, 1995. 

3. J. J. Sakurai: Modern Quantum Mechanics, Pearon Education Asia, 2002. 

4. S. Gasiorowicz: Quantum Physics, John Wiley & Sons, 1974.

5. K. Tamvakis: Problems & Solutions in Quantum Mechanics, Cambridge University Press, 2005.

6. R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton and M. Sands: The Feynman Lecture on Physics, Vol.III, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc., 1966.

Evaluation Pattern

Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) forms 50% and the End Semester Examination forms the other 50% of the marks with total of 100%. CIA marks are awarded based on their performance in assignments, Mid-Semester Test (MST), and Class assignments (Quiz, presentations, problem solving, MCQ test etc.). The mid-semester examination and the end semester examination for each theory paper will be for two and three hours duration respectively.

 CIA 1: Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations before MST - 10 marks.

CIA 2: Mid-Sem Test (Centralized), 2 hours -  50 marks to be converted to 25 marks.

CIA 3: Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations after MST - 10 marks.

CIA 4: Attendance (76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5) - maximum of 5 marks.

No.

Components

Marks

CIA 1

Written test on descriptive answers/Presentation

10

CIA2

Centralized Mid Sem Examination

25

CIA 3

Quiz, MCQ test, presentation, minor project, MOOC

10

Attendance

 Regularity and Punctuality

05

ESE

Centralized End Sem Examination

50

Total

100

MPH234 - MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS - II (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

A sound mathematical background is essential to understand and appreciate the principles of physics. This module is intended to make the students familiar with the applications of complex analysis, probability theory, group theory, numerical techniques and their applications in physics.

Learning Outcome

The students after taking this course will be able to solve specific problems using complex analysis.  They will appreciate the use of probability theory and group theory in physics.  They will be able to solve linear, non-linear equations using numerical techniques.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Complex analysis and Probability theory
 

Introduction, Analytic functions, Cauchy-Reimann conditions, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor and Laurent expansion- poles, residue and residue theorem, classification of singularities, Cauchy's principle value theorem, evaluation of integrals, applications.

 

Elementary probability theory, Random variables, Binomial, Poisson and Gaussian distributions-central limit theorem.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Group Theory
 

Basic definitions and concepts of group- point, cyclic groups,  Multiplication table, Subgroups, Cosets and Classes, Permutation Groups, Homomorphism and isomorphism, Reducible and irreducible representations, Schur’s lemmas and great orthogonality theorem, Elementary ideas of Continuous groups- Lie, rotation, unitary groups- GL(n), SO(3), SU(2), SO(3,1), SL(2,C).    

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Numerical techniques: Solution of linear and non linear equations
 

Direct solutions of Linear equations: Solution by elimination method, Basic Gauss elimination method, Gauss elimination by pivoting. Matrix inversion method, Iterative solutions of linear equations: Jacobi iteration method, Gauss sidel method. Roots of non-linear equations: Bisection method, Newton-Raphson method. Curve fitting by regression method: Fitting linear equations by least squares method, Fitting transcendental equations, Fitting a polynomial function.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Numerical techniques: Integration and Differential equations & Applications in Physics
 

Numerical integration: Trapezoidal Rule, Simpson’s 1/3 rule and Simpsons 3/8 rule. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Euler’s method, Runge-Kutta method (2nd order and fourth order methods).

Freely falling body, motion of a projectile, simple harmonic motion, motion of charged particle in an electric field, motion of charged particle in a uniform magnetic field,  solution of time independent schrodinger equation. 

 

Text Books And Reference Books:

[1]. G. B. Arfken, H. J. Weber and F. E. Harris, Mathematical methods for physicists, 7th Edn., Academic press, 2013.

[2]. A.W. Joshi, Elements of Group Theory for Physicists,  New Age India

[3]. S. S. Sastry: Introductory methods of numerical analysis, 2nd Edn, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 1995.

[4]. E. Balaguruswamy: Numerical Methods, TMH, New Delhi, 2002

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

[1]. T. Dass & S. K. Sharma, Mathematical methods in Classical and Quantum Physics,  Universities Press, 2009

[2]. Benjamin Baumslag & Bruce Chandler, Group theory- Schaum’s series,  MGH.

[3]. S. Prakash: Mathematical Physics, S. Chand and Sons, 2004.

[4]. B.D. Gupta, Mathematical Physics,  Vikas Pub.House, New Delhi

[5]. V. Rajaraman: Computer oriented numerical methods, 3rd Edn, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 2002.

[6].  B.S Rajput, Mathematical Physics, Pragati Prakashan

Evaluation Pattern

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test (Centralized)

MST

2 hours(50 marks)

25

CIA 2

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations 

Before MST

--

10

CIA 3

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations 

After MST

--

10

CIA 4

Attendance 

(76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5) 

--

5

ESE

Centralized 

3 hours(100 marks)

50

 

Total

100

MPH235 - RESEARCH TECHNIQUES AND TOOLS (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30
No of Lecture Hours/Week:2
Max Marks:50
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

 

The research techniques and tools program is intended to equip students with necessary software and data analysis knowledge in carrying out research projects. The students are exposed to the principles, procedures and techniques of implementing a research project. In this module the students are exposed to elementary scientific methods, various data analysis techniques, plotting routines etc.

 

Learning Outcome

The students will become familiar with various data analysis techniques and plotting routines. The program will provide a flavor about various statistical analysis techniques. After getting a feel about research through research methodology program, this module will expose students to various data analysis techniques and methods needed to do competent research. 

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Introduction to analytical tools
 

 Introduction to data analysis - least squares fitting of linear data and non-linear data - exponential type data - logarithmic type data - power function data and polynomials of different orders. Plotting and fitting of linear, Non-linear, Gaussian, Polynomial, and Sigmoidal type data - Fitting of exponential growth, exponential decay type data - plotting polar graphs - plotting histograms-Y error bars - XY error bars-data masking

Quantitative Techniques (Error Analysis)

General steps required for quantitative analysis - reliability of the data -classification of errors–accuracy–precision-statistical treatment of random errors-the standard deviation of complete results - error proportion in arithmetic calculations - uncertainty and its use in representing significant digits of results - confidence limits - estimation of detection limit.

 

 

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Introduction of Plotting tools
 

 Introduction to Python Programming- Python programming basics- strings- numbers and operators- variable- functions- Classes and objects- organizing programs- files and directories- other features of Python language-Avaliable libraries-Numpy/SciPy-IPython

MathplotLib/Origin/Excel/GNU Plot

 

Text Books And Reference Books:

 

 

  1. C. R. Kothari, Research Methodology Methods and Techniques, 2nd. ed. New Delhi: New Age International Publishers, 2009.

  2. R. Panneerselvam, Research Methodology, New Delhi: PHI, 2005.

  3. P. Oliver, Writing Your Thesis, New Delhi:Vistaar Publications, 2004.

 

 

 

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

 

  1. J. W. Creswell, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, 3nd. ed. Sage Publications, 2008.

  2. Kumar, Research Methodology: A Step by Step Guide for Beginners, 2nd. ed. Indian: PE, 2005.

  3. B. C. Nakra and K. K. Chaudhry, Instrumentation, Measurement and Analysis, 2nd. ed. New Delhi: TMH publishing Co. Ltd., 2005.

  4. I. Gregory, Ethics in Research, Continuum, 2005.

 

https://www.codeschool.com/blog/2016/01/27/why-python

 

https://www.stat.washington.edu/~hoytak/blog/whypython.html

 

Evaluation Pattern