Department of
ELECTRONICS-AND-COMMUNICATION-ENGINEERING






Syllabus for
MTech in Communication Systems(IC Design)
Academic Year  (2019)

 
1 Semester - 2019 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MLC131 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND IPR 2 2 100
MTEC131P ADVANCED ANTENNAS AND RADIATION SYSTEMS 3 3 100
MTEC132P ADVANCED DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS 3 3 100
MTEC133P IC PROCESS TECHNOLOGY AND CMOS VLSI DESIGN 4 3 100
MTEC134P DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN USING VERILOG 4 3 100
MTEC135P CAD AND EDA FOR VLSI CIRCUITS 4 3 100
MTEC136 APPLIED MATHEMATICS FOR ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS 3 3 100
2 Semester - 2019 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MTEC231 WIRELESS AND MOBILE COMMUNICATION 3 3 100
MTEC232 SOFTWARE DEFINED RADIO 3 3 100
MTEC233 MODERN DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING 3 3 100
MTEC251 MINI PROJECT 4 2 50
        

  

Assesment Pattern

As  per University norms

Examination And Assesments

As  per University norms

Department Overview:
The department is well established with state of art technology to impart knowledge for future industrial and educational needs. It is furnished with sound laboratories outfitted with hi-tech instruments, internet and computer systems. It has acoustic poof class rooms with audio-visual teaching aids. The total campus is networked by wire and Wi-Fi system. It has well experienced faculties from reputed industries and institutions. The department has been made as paperless office. It has personalized syllabus suited for global industrial and academic needs. It is well integrated by standalone seminar hall and supporting auditorium to conduct seminars, workshops and training.
Mission Statement:
Vision To emerge as a centre of academic excellence in the field of Electronics & Communication Engineering to address the dynamic needs of the industry upholding moral values. Mission 1. Impart in-depth knowledge in Electronics & Communication Engineering to achieve academic excellence. 2. Develop an environment of research to meet the demands of evolving technology. 3. Inculcate ethical values to promote team work and leadership qualities befitting societal requirements. 4. Provide adapt
Introduction to Program:
Department of Electronics & Communication, Christ University offers 2 year M.Tech programme in Communication Systems for postgraduate students. The postgraduate students are trained to have an in-depth knowledge of communication systems, advanced signal processing and wireless sensor networks. The students are also prepared for system modeling and analysis so as to solve the current pressing problems in communication systems domain. The department believes in providing maximum exposure to the students, either through industries or research labs, thus making the students industry ready with a craving for research. The eligibility for admission to the programme is the student should be holding a B.E/B.Tech degree in Electronics & Communication/Telecommunication or any other relevant area from any recognized University/Institution throughout the world.
Program Objective:
Programme Educational Objective (PEO) B.Tech in Electronics & Communication 1. Graduates will apply the knowledge of Electronics & Communication Engineering to analyse, design and develop solutions for real time engineering problems. 2. Graduates will have the competency to pursue higher learning and research. 3. Graduates will assimilate technical skills with professional ethics. 4. Graduates will be passionate to attain professional excellence through life long learning. Program Outcomes(PO) B.Tech in Electronics & Communication PO1: Engineering knowledge: Apply the knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering fundamentals, and an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems. PO2: Problem analysis: Identify, formulate, review research literature, and analyze complex engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences, and engineering sciences. PO3: Design/development of solutions: Design solutions for complex engineering problems and design system components or processes that meet the specified needs with appropriate consideration for the public health and safety, and the cultural, societal, and environmental considerations. PO4: Conduct investigations of complex problems: Use research-based knowledge and research methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and synthesis of the information to provide valid conclusions. PO5: Moder

MLC131 - RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND IPR (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30
No of Lecture Hours/Week:2
Max Marks:100
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

·         To give an overview of the research methodology and explain the technique of defining a research problem.

·         To explain the functions of the literature review in research.

·         To explain carrying out a literature search, its review, developing theoretical and conceptual frameworks and writing a review.

To explain various research designs and their characteristics.

Learning Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be able to do:

·         Discuss research methodology and the technique of defining a research problem

·         Explain the functions of the literature review in research, carrying out a literature search, developing theoretical and conceptual frameworks and writing a review.

·         Explain various research designs and their characteristics.

Explain the details of sampling designs, measurement and scaling techniques and also different methods of data collections 

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:6
INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
 

Meaning of research problem- Sources of research problem –Criteria Characteristics of a good research problem- Errors in selecting a research Problem - Scope and objectives of research problem- Approaches of investigation of solutions for research problem- data collection- analysis- interpretation- Necessary instrumentations -Formulation of Hypotheses.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:6
RESEARCH METHODS IN LIS
 

Types of Research Methods: Quantitative and Qualitative - Research Techniques and Tools: Questionnaire, Interview, Observation, Schedule, Check-list, Library Records and Reports - Metric Studies in LIS.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:6
DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
 

Data Analysis using Statistical Methods, Computer Processing - Interpretation and Presentation of Results.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:6
TECHNICAL WRITING AND IPR
 

Research Report Writing- Developing a Research Proposal (presentation and assessment by a review committee)- Writing Research Paper-Referencing- Plagiarism-Research ethics- Nature of Intellectual Property- International Scenario.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:6
IPR AND NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN IPR
 

Scope of Patent Rights- Licensing and transfer of technology- Patent information and databases- Geographical Indications- New Developments in IPR: Administration of Patent System- New developments in IPR- IPR of Biological Systems, Computer Software etc. -Traditional knowledge Case Studies.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1.      Stuart Melville and Wayne Goddard, “Research methodology: an introduction for

2.      Halbert, “Resisting Intellectual Property”, Taylor & Francis Ltd ,2007..

Robert P. Merges, Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley, “Intellectual Property in New Technological Age”, 2016.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

 KOTHARI (C R), “Research methodology: Methods & Techniques (Rev. Ed.)”, New Age International. New Delhi, 2006.

ROIG (M), “Avoiding plagiarism, self-plagiarism, and other questionable writing practices: A guide to ethical writing”, 2006.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester.

Assessment of each paper

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out

of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                  : 25 marks                  

CIA II  :  Assignments                                                            : 10 marks

CIA III            : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work     : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                         : 50 marks

MTEC131P - ADVANCED ANTENNAS AND RADIATION SYSTEMS (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

·         To learn the fundamental of antenna radiation, different types of antenna and its design methodology

·         To impart the basic concepts of radiating structures and antenna parameters

·         To give understanding about analysis of arrays and different types

·         To give idea about different antennas for various applications

·         To give idea about basic propagation mechanisms

           To give idea about antenna measurements

Learning Outcome

At the end of the course, the students will be able to:

     Design any type of antenna

     Understand basic concepts of antenna radiation and its parameters.

     Design and analysis of antenna arrays and its applications.

     Develop the idea about the different antenna types and antennas for special applications

     Develop concepts in antenna parameter measurements

     Understand different propagation mechanisms namely ground, space, and sky waves

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
CONCEPTS OF RADIATION
 

Retarded vector potentials – Heuristic approach and Maxwell’s equation approach. The Lorentz gauge condition. Vector potential in Phasor form. Fields radiated by an alternating current element. Total power radiated and radiation resistance. Radiation from Half wave dipole from assumed current distribution. Power radiated in the farfield. Electric vector potential F for a magnetic current source M. Far zone fields due to magnetic source M.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
ANTENNA ARRAYS
 

N element linear arrays – uniform amplitude and spacing, Phased arrays, Directivity of Broadside and End fire arrays, Three dimensional characteristics, Binomial arrays and Dolph-Tchebycheff arrays, Circular array, Antenna Synthesis- Line source and discretization of continuous sources. Schelkunoff polynomial method. Fourier Transform method.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
APERTURE ANTENNAS
 

Magnetic current – Duality. Electric and Magnetic current sheets as sources. Huyghens source. Radiation through an aperture in an absorbing screen, Fraunhoffer and Fresnel diffraction. Cornu Spiral. Complimentary screens and slot antennas. Slot and dipoles as dual antennas. Babinets principle. Fourier transform in aperture antenna theory.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
HORN, MICROSTRIP, REFLECTOR ANTENNAS
 

E and H plane sectoral Horns. Pyramidal horns. Conical and corrugated Horns. Multimode horns. Phase center.

Microstrip antennas – feeding methods. Rectangular patch- Transmission line model. Parabolic Reflector antennas–Prime focus and cassegrain reflectors. Equivalent focal length of Cassegrain antennas. Spillover and taper efficiencies. Optimum illumination.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
ANTENNA POLARIZATION
 

Simple relationship involving spherical triangles. Linear, Elliptical and circular polarization. Development of the Poincare sphere. Representation of the state of polarization in the Poincare sphere. Random polarization – Stokes parameters.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1.      Balanis, C.A., “Antenna Theory” Wiley, 2005.

2.      Jordan, E.C., “Electromagnetic waves and Radiating systems”. PHI 2008.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1.      Krauss, J.D., “Radio Astronomy” McGraw-Hill.

2.      Krauss, J.D.,, Fleisch, D.A., “Electromagnetics” McGraw-Hill,2001.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester.

Assessment of each paper

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out

of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                    : 25 marks                  

CIA II  :  Assignments                                                            : 10 marks

CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work     : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                       : 50 marks

MTEC132P - ADVANCED DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

·         To understand the basics of signal space analysis and digital transmission.

·         To understand the coherent and non-coherent receivers and its impact on different channel characteristics.

·         To understand carrier and symbol synchronization techniques.

·         To understand the different block coded and convolutional coded digital communication systems.

          To understand the different spread spectrum techniques for digital communication.

Learning Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be able to:

     Develop the ability to understand the concepts of signal space analysis coherent and non-coherent receivers in AWGN channel.

     Comprehend the synchronization of carrier and symbol of the received signal.

     Possess knowledge on different block codes and convolutional codes.

     Conceptually appreciate spread spectrum techniques.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
DIGITAL MODULATION SCHEMES
 

Representation of Digitally Modulated Signals, Memoryless Modulation Methods, Signaling Schemes with Memory, Power Spectrum of Digitally Modulated Signals.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
OPTIMUM RECEIVERS FOR AWGN CHANNEL
 

Waveform and Vector Channel Models, Waveform and Vector AWGN Models, Optimal Detection and Error Probability for Band-Limited Signaling, Optimal Detection and Error Probability for Power-Limited Signaling, Comparison of Digital Signaling Methods, Performance Analysis for Wireline and Radio Communication Systems.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
CARRIER AND SYMBOL SYCHRONIZATION
 

Signal Parameter Estimation, Carrier Phase Estimation, Symbol Timing Estimation, Joint Estimation of Carrier Phase and Symbol Timing, Performance Characteristics of Maximum Likelihood Estimators.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
ERROR CONTROL CODING
 

Discrete Memoryless Channels, Linear Block Codes, Cyclic Block Codes, Convolution Codes, Maximum Likelihood Decoding of Convolutional codes - Viterbi Algorithm, Trellis codes, Applications.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
SPREAD SPECTRUM SIGNALS FOR DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
 

Model of Spread Spectrum Digital Communication System, Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Signals, Frequency-Hopped Spread Spectrum Signals, Synchronization of Spread Spectrum Systems.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1.      John G. Proakis, "Digital Communication", McGraw Hill, 5th edition, 2008.

2.      Simon Haykin, "Digital communications", John Wiley and Sons, Reprint 2009.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1.      Bernard Sklar, "Digital Communication - Fundamental and applications", Pearson education (Asia), Pvt. Ltd., 2nd edition, 2001.

Andrew J. Viterbi, "CDMA: Principles of spread spectrum communications", Prentice Hall, USA, 1995.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester.

Assessment of each paper

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out

of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                    : 25 marks                  

CIA II  :  Assignments                                                            : 10 marks

CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                              : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                          : 50 marks

MTEC133P - IC PROCESS TECHNOLOGY AND CMOS VLSI DESIGN (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This course deals with the concepts of Integrated circuit process technologies and MOS system in digital VLSI design and modern tools to simulate Schematic and Layout of Digital circuits.

Learning Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be able to do:

·          Apply the concepts of MOS system in digital VLSI design.

·          Analyse the electrical and physical properties, Switching characteristics and interconnect effect of a MOS system in digital VLSI design.

 Design dynamic logic circuits, Semiconductors Memory circuits, and different CMOS logic circuits.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:10
CRYSTAL GROWTH, WAFER PREPARATION, EPITAXY & ION IMPLANTATION
 

Lithography: Introduction, Optical Lithography, Electron Lithography, X-ray Lithography, Ion Lithography.
Reactive Plasma Etching: Introduction, Plasma Properties, Feature-Size Control and Anisotropic Etch Mechanisms, Other Properties of Etch Processes, Reactive Plasma-Etching Techniques and Equipment, Specific Etch Processes. Ion Implantation: Introduction, Range Theory, Implantation Equipment, Annealing, Shallow Junctions, High-Energy Implantation.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:10
DIELECTRIC AND POLYSILICON FILM DEPOSITION, METALLIZATION, VLSI PROCESS INTEGRATION & PACKAGING OF VLSI DEVICES
 

Dielectric and Polysilicon Film Deposition: Introduction, Deposition Processes, Polysilicon, Silicon Dioxide, Silicon Nitride, Plasma-Assisted Depositions, Other Materials. Metallization: Introduction, Metallization Applications, Metallization Choices, Physical Vapour Deposition, Patterning, Metallization Problems, New Role of Metallization. VLSI Process Integration: Introduction, Fundamental Considerations for IC Processing, NMOS IC technology, CMOS, BiCMOS IC Technology. MOS Memory IC Technology, Bipolar IC Technology, IC Fabrication.  Packaging of VLSI Devices: Introduction, Package Types, Packaging Design Considerations.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
MOS TRANSISTOR THEORY AND DEVICE SCALING
 

n-MOS / p-MOS transistor, Threshold voltage equation, Body effect, MOS device design equation, Sub-threshold region, Channel length modulation. Mobility variation, Tunneling, punch through, Hot electron effect MOS models, Small signal AC Characteristics, CMOS inverter, βn/βp ratio, Noise margin, Static load MOS inverters, Differential inverter, Transmission gate, Tri-state inverter, Bi-CMOS inverter. Lambda Based Design rules, Scaling factor, Current CMOS enhancement (oxide isolation, LDD. Refractory gate, Multilayer inter connect), Circuit elements, Resistor, Capacitor, Interconnects, Sheet resistance & Standard unit capacitance concepts delay unit time, Inverter delays, Driving capacitive loads, Propagate delays, MOS mask layer, Stick diagram, Design rules and layout, Symbolic diagram, Scaling of MOS circuits.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
DIGITAL CMOS DESIGN
 

Advantages of CMOS over NMOS, CMOS\SOS technology, CMOS\bulk technology, Latch up in bulk CMOS, Combinational MOS Logic circuits-Introduction, CMOS logic circuits with a MOS load, CMOS logic circuits, complex logic circuits, Transmission Gate. Sequential MOS logic Circuits - Introduction, Behaviour of hi stable elements, SR latch Circuit, Clocked latch and Flip Flop Circuits, CMOS D latch and triggered Flip Flop. Dynamic Logic Circuits - Introduction, Principles of pass transistor circuits, Voltage boot strapping synchronous dynamic circuit’s techniques, Dynamic CMOS circuit techniques, Static CMOS design, Domino CMOS structure and design, Charge sharing, Clocking- clock generation, Clock distribution, Clocked storage elements.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:10
CMOS ANALOG DESIGN
 

Introduction, Single Amplifier, Differential Amplifier, Current mirrors, Band gap references, Basics of cross operational amplifier.

Text Books And Reference Books:

Weste & Harris, CMOS VLSI Design: A Circuits andSystems Perspective, 3rd ed, Addison Wesley, 2005

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Digital Design, 3rd edition by M. Morris Mano.

Principles of CMOS VLSI design by N H E Weste & K Eshraghian.

Modern VLSI Design: System on Silicon by Wayne Wolf.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester.

Assessment of each paper

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out

of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                    : 25 marks                  

CIA II  :  Assignments                                                              : 10 marks

CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work    : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                         : 50 marks

For subjects having practical as part of the subject

 

Assessment of Practical paper

Conduct of experiments                                                       : 25 marks

Observations/Lab Record                                                    : 15 marks

Viva voce                                                                                : 10 marks

Total                                                                                        : 50 marks

(All the above assessments are carried for each experiment during regular lab classes and averaged to max 50 marks at the end of the semester)

MTEC134P - DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN USING VERILOG (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

·         This course is an introduction to the VHDL language. The emphasis is on writing synthesizable code and enough simulation code to write a viable test-bench.

·         The information gained can be applied to any digital design by using a top-down synthesis design approach.

Learning Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be able to do:

·         Implement the VHDL portion of coding for synthesis.

·         Identify the differences between behavioral and structural coding styles.

·         Understand the basic principle of circuit design and analysis.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
 

Digital Systems and Embedded Systems, Boolean Functions and Boolean algebra, Binary Coding, Combinational Components and Circuits, Verification of Combinational Circuits. Number Basics: Unsigned and Signed Integers, Fixed and Floating-point Numbers, Binary representation and Circuit Elements, Real-World Circuits, Models, Design Methodology.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
SEQUENTIAL BASICS & MEMORIES
 

Storage elements, Counters, Sequential Data paths and Control, Clocked Synchronous Timing Methodology. Memories: Concepts, Memory Types, Error Detection and Correction.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
IMPLEMENTATION FABRICS & PROCESSOR BASICS
 

ICs, PLDs, Packaging and Circuit Boards, Interconnection and Signal Integrity. Processor Basics: Embedded Computer Organization, Instruction and Data, Interfacing with memory.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
I/O INTERFACING, ACCELERATORS & DESIGN METHODOLOGY
 

I/O devices, I/O controllers, Parallel Buses, Serial Transmission, I/O software. Accelerators: Concepts, case study, Verification of accelerators. Design Methodology: Design flow, Design optimization, Design for test.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
SIMPLE SINGLE CYCLE AND MULTI CYCLE PROCESSOR DESIGN
 

Introduction of Simple Single Cycle and Multi Cycle Processor Design.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1.      C. H. Roth, Digital Systems Design Using VHDL, Thomson Publications, Fourth Edition, 2002.

V. A. Pedroni, Circuit Design with VHDL, MIT Press/PHI, 2004. 

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1.      Parhami, Behrooz, Computer Arithmetic: Algorithms and Hardware Designs, Oxford University Press, 2009.

2.      Z. Navabi, Verilog Digital System Design, Second Edition, Tata McGrawHill, 2008.

3.      R. C. Cofer and B. F. Harding, Rapid System Prototyping with FPGAs: Accelerating the Design Process, Elsevier/Newness, 2005.

Peter J. Ashenden, “Digital Design: An Embedded Systems Approach Using VERILOG”, Elesvier, 2010.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester.

Assessment of each paper

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out

of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                    : 25 marks                  

CIA II  :  Assignments                                                            : 10 marks

CIA III            : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work     : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                         : 50 marks

For subjects having practical as part of the subject

 

Assessment of Practical paper

Conduct of experiments                                                       : 25 marks

Observations/Lab Record                                                   : 15 marks

Viva voce                                                                                : 10 marks

Total                                                                                        : 50 marks

(All the above assessments are carried for each experiment during regular lab classes and averaged to max 50 marks at the end of the semester)

MTEC135P - CAD AND EDA FOR VLSI CIRCUITS (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

·         To discuss the basics of VLSI Design Automation.

·         To understand the concepts of physical design process.

To gain the knowledge on Simulation and Synthesis in VLSI Design Automation.

Learning Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be able to do:

·         Design advanced electronics systems.

·         Evaluate and analyze the systems in VLSI design environments.

·         Apply advanced technical knowledge in multiple contexts.

Conduct an organized and systematic study on significant research topic within the field of VLSI and its allied field.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:10
VLSI DESIGN METHODOLOGIES
 

Introduction to VLSI Design methodologies - Review of Data structures and algorithms - Review of VLSI Design automation tools - Algorithmic Graph Theory and Computational Complexity - Tractable and Intractable problems.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:8
DESIGN RULES & FLOOR PLANNING
 

Layout Compaction - Design rules - problem formulation - algorithms for constraint graph compaction - placement and partitioning - Circuit representation - Placement algorithms – partitioning. Floor planning concepts - shape functions and floorplan sizing - Types of local routing problems- Area routing - channel routing - global routing - algorithms for global routing.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:10
SIMULATION, MODELLING AND SYNTHESIS
 

Simulation - Gate-level modelling and simulation - Switch-level modelling and simulation- Combinational Logic Synthesis - Binary Decision Diagrams - Two Level Logic Synthesis. High level Synthesis - Hardware models - Internal representation - Allocation - assignment and scheduling - Simple scheduling algorithm - Assignment problem - High level transformations.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:20
AN OVERVIEW OF OS COMMANDS AND SCRIPTING
 

System settings and configuration. Introduction to UNIX commands. Writing Shell scripts, VLSI design automation tools, Basics of TCL-TK Scripting Language, Basics of PERL Scripting, Basics of Python Scripting.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:12
OVERVIEW OF THE FEATURES OF PRACTICAL CAD TOOLS
 

Logic synthesis using verilog. Memory and FSM synthesis. Performance driven synthesis, Simulation- Types of simulation. Static timing analysis. Formal verification. Switchlevel and transistor level simulation. Circuit description. AC, DC and transient analysis. Advanced spice commands and analysis. Models for diodes, transistors.

Text Books And Reference Books:

S.H. Gerez, "Algorithms for VLSI Design Automation", John Wiley & Sons,2002

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

N.A. Sherwani, "Algorithms for VLSI Physical Design Automation", Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester.

Assessment of each paper

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out

of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                  : 25 marks                  

CIA II  :  Assignments                                                            : 10 marks

CIA III            : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work     : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                           : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                       : 50 marks

For subjects having practical as part of the subject

 

Assessment of Practical paper

Conduct of experiments                                                      : 25 marks

Observations/Lab Record                                                   : 15 marks

Viva voce                                                                                : 10 marks

Total                                                                                        : 50 marks

(All the above assessments are carried for each experiment during regular lab classes and averaged to max 50 marks at the end of the semester)

MTEC136 - APPLIED MATHEMATICS FOR ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

·         To introduce the Concepts of CTFT, DTFT and Z-Transform with application to Communication.

·         To introduce the Concepts of STFT, CWT, DWT with application to Compression Techniques.

·         To introduce the Concepts of Linear Algebra with application to Communication.

·         To introduce the basic Statistical Data Analysis.

Learning Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be able to:

     Employ the appropriate Transform among CTFT, DTFT and Z Transform to analyze an application.

     Employ the concept of STFT and DWT for compression applications.

     Identify the concepts of Linear Algebra for Communication related applications.

     Employ the concepts of Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Process for Statistical Signal Processing and Communication related applications.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
TRANSFORMS ? PART I
 

Continuous Time Fourier Transform (CTFT) – Properties of CTFT – Application to Communication Systems: Amplitude Modulation – DSB – SC, SSB. Sampling – Discrete Time Fourier Transform – Properties of DTFT. Z – Transform – Properties of Z – transform, Applications.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
TRANSFORMS ? PART II
 

STFT – Definition and Interpretations, General Properties, STFT Application, CWT – Definition and Interpretations, General Properties, Application, DWT – Definition and Interpretations, General Properties, Applications.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
LINEAR ALGEBRA
 

Linear Algebra - vector spaces, linear independence, bases and dimension, Orthonormal Basis function, Gram Schmidt Orthogonalization, linear maps and matrices, Eigen values and Eigenvectors, Positive Definite Matrix: Minima, Maxima and Saddle Points, Test for Positive Definiteness, Singular Value Decomposition and Finite Element Method, Examples and Applications.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
PROBABILITY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES ? PART ? I
 

Axiomatic definitions of probability; conditional probability, independence and Bayes theorem, Bernoulli Trials, Concept of a Random Variable, Distribution and Density Functions, Mean Value and Moments, Gaussian Random Variable, Other Probability Density Function, Examples and Applications, Introduction to Two Random Variables. Random Process, Stationarity, Ergodic and Non-ergodic Random Process.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
PROBABILITY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES ? PART ? II
 

Autocorrelation Function, Properties and Measurements of Autocorrelation Functions, Crosscorrelation, Properties and Measurements of Crosscorrelation Functions, Examples and Applications of Autocorrelation and Crosscorrelation functions. Relation of Spectral Density to Fourier Transform, Relation of Spectral Density to the Autocorrelation function, White Noise, Periodogram Estimate of Spectral Density, Examples and Applications of Spectral Density.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1.      B. P. Lathi, Principles of Linear Systems and Signals, 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, 2013.

2.      K P Soman, K I Ramachandran, N G Resmi, Insight into Wavelet from Theory and Practice, Third Edition, PHI Publications, 2007

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1.      G. Strang, Linear Algebra and Its Applications, Nelson Engineering, 2007.

2.      S. Axler, Linear Algebra Done Right, 2nd Edn., Springer, 1997.

3.      George R Cooper, Clare D. McGillem, Probabilistic Methods of Signal and System Analysis, Third Edition, Oxford University Press, 2008.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester.

Assessment of each paper

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out

of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                  : 25 marks                  

CIA II  :  Assignments                                                            : 10 marks

CIA III            : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work     : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                         : 50 marks

MTEC231 - WIRELESS AND MOBILE COMMUNICATION (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

·         To review mobile communication systems.

·         To describe frequency-reuse concept in mobile communications and to examining its effects on interference, system capacity, handoff techniques.

·         To distinguish multiple-access techniques for mobile communications FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, and their advantages and disadvantages.

·         To explain path loss and interference for wireless telephony and their influences on a mobile communication system’s performance.

·         To Analyze and design CDMA system functioning with knowledge of forward and reverse channel details.

Learning Outcome

Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:

·         Design appropriate mobile communication systems.

·         Describe frequency-reuse concept in mobile communications and to examine its effects on interference, system capacity, handoff techniques

·         Distinguish multiple-access techniques for mobile communications FDMA, TDMA, CDMA.

·         Illustrate path loss and interference for wireless telephony and their influences on a mobile communication system’s performance.

·         Investigate CDMA system functioning with knowledge of forward and reverse channel details.

Understand upcoming technologies 3G, 4G etc.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
CELLULAR COMMUNICATION FUNDAMENTALS
 

Cellular system design, Frequency reuse, cell splitting, handover concepts, Co channel and adjacent channel interference, interference reduction techniques and methods to improve cell coverage, Frequency management and channel assignment.GSM architecture and interfaces, GSM architecture details, GSM subsystems, GSM

Logical Channels, Data Encryption in GSM, Mobility Management, Call Flows in GSM.2.5 G Standards: High speed Circuit Switched Data (HSCSD), General Packet Radio Service (GPRS),

2.75 G Standards: EDGE

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
SPECTRAL EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS BASED ON CALCULATIONS FOR MULTIPLE ACCESS TECHNOLOGIES
 

TDMA, FDMA and CDMA, Comparison of these technologies based on their signal separation techniques, advantages, disadvantages and application areas. Wireless network planning, Equalization, Diversity: Equalizers in a communications receiver, Algorithms for adaptive equalization, diversity techniques, space, polarization, frequency diversity, Interleaving

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
MOBILE RADIO PROPAGATION
 

Large Scale Path Loss, Free Space Propagation Model, Reflection, Ground Reflection (Two-Ray) Model, Diffraction, Scattering, Practical Link Budget Design using Path Loss Models, Outdoor Propagation Models, Indoor Propagation Models, Signal Penetration into Buildings. Small Scale Fading and Multipath Propagation, Impulse Response Model, Multipath Measurements, Parameters of Multipath channels, Types of Small Scale Fading: Time Delay Spread; Flat, Frequency selective, Doppler Spread; Fast and Slow fading.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
CODE DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS
 

Introduction to CDMA technology, IS 95 system Architecture, Air Interface, Physical and logical channels of IS 95, Forward Link and Reverse link operation, Physical and Logical channels of IS 95 CDMA, IS 95 CDMA Call Processing, soft Handoff, Evolution of IS 95 (CDMA One) to CDMA 2000, CDMA 2000 layering structure and channels.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
HIGHER GENERATION CELLULAR STANDARDS
 

3G Standards: evolved EDGE, enhancements in 4G standard, Architecture and representative protocols, call flow for LTE, VoLTE, UMTS, introduction to 5G.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1.      V.K.Garg, J.E.Wilkes, “Principle and Application of GSM”, Pearson Education, 5thedition, 2008.

2.      V.K.Garg, “IS-95 CDMA & CDMA 2000”, Pearson Education, 4th edition, 2009.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1.      T.S.Rappaport, “Wireless Communications Principles and Practice”, 2nd edition, PHI, 2002.

2.      William C.Y.Lee, “Mobile Cellular Telecommunications Analog and Digital Systems”, 2ndedition, TMH.

AshaMehrotra, “A GSM system Engineering” Artech House Publishers Bosten, London.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester.

Assessment of each paper

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out

of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                  : 25 marks                  

CIA II  :  Assignments                                                            : 10 marks

CIA III            : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work     : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                         : 50 marks

MTEC232 - SOFTWARE DEFINED RADIO (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This course aims in understanding an in-depth knowledge of wireless RF hardware design issues and to evaluate the performances by implementing a testbed using Software defined radio.

Learning Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be:

     To understand basic design issues of physical RF hardware blocks

     To apply the knowledge of wireless communication systems andsignal processing filters, designs using Software defined radio

        To evaluate the performance parameters of RF testbed using NI-USRP OR Xilinx ZYNQ

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
CONCEPTS OF SOFTWARE DEFINED RADIO
 

Definition and need of software defined radio [SDR], benefits, Basic components and architecture of SDR, design issues of RF implementation of wireless system, re-configurability of RF hardware design using SDR.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
RADIO FREQUENCY DESIGN ISSUES
 

Basic issues in RF designing and Baseband processing of radio frequency design, flexibility of RF chain design using SDR, Transmitter and receiver design of RF wireless system, noise and distortion in RF chain, ADC/DAC in RF chain, overall performance of RF design, characteristics of SDR in terms of RF filter and baseband processing.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
WAVEFORM GENERATION USING SDR
 

Introduction to wireless communication system parameters – BER, SNR, Transmission power and Noise, spectrum efficiency, SDR design to implement transmitter design using modulation schemes in analog and digital domain, Receiver design including filtering, and demodulation, estimation of Bit error rate for simple structure of BPSK and QPSK.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
INTRODUCTION TO DIFFERENT SDR
 

NI USRP SDR hardware kit and Labview Software modelling, TRANSCEIVER DESIGN IN THE RANGE OF 50 MHz to 2.2 GHZ,  Xilinx Zynq board and FPGA kit to develop wireless design testbed, RF 2x2 MIMO setup, Smart Antennas and Beamforming techniques, diversity and adaptive space time division multiplexing and signal processing.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
INFORMAL LAB
 

Informal Lab –Test bed design using hands on session of any one SDR hardware  set up using NI USRP SDR/ Xilinx ZYNQ board Waveform Generations, signal processing filters, estimation of wireless system parameters.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1.      Tony J Rouphael, “RF and DSP for SDR,” Elsevier Newnes Press, 2008. 2. P. Kenington, “RF and Baseband Techniques for Software Defined Radio,” Artech House, 2005.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1.      P. Kenington, “RF and Baseband Techniques for Software Defined Radio,” Artech House, 2005

Jeffrey Hugh Reed, “Software Radio: A Modern Approach to Radio Engineering,” Prentice Hall Professional, 2002.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester.

Assessment of each paper

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out

of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                  : 25 marks                  

CIA II  :  Assignments                                                            : 10 marks

CIA III            : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work     : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                         : 50 marks

MTEC233 - MODERN DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

     To analyze different signals used in real time applications.

     To illustrate multirate signal processing fundamentals.

     To investigate the linear estimation and prediction

     To explain adaptive filtering techniques using LMS algorithm

     To Describe applications of adaptive filtering in noise cancellation, equalizer, and echo cancellers.

Learning Outcome

Upon completion of this course, the students will be able to:

     Recognize different signals used in real time applications.

     Demonstrate multirate signal processing fundamentals.

     Investigate the linear estimation and prediction

     Explain adaptive filtering techniques using LMS algorithm

     Describe applications of adaptive filtering 

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
DISCRETE-TIME RANDOM SIGNALS
 

Discrete random process – Ensemble averages, Stationary and ergodic processes, Autocorrelation and Auto-covariance properties and matrices, White noise, Power Spectral Density, Spectral Factorization, Innovations Representation and Process, Filtering random processes, ARMA, AR and MA processes.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
SPECTRUM ESTIMATION
 

Bias and Consistency, Periodogram, Modified periodogram, Blackman-Tukey method, Welch method, Parametric methods of spectral estimation, Levinson-Durbin recursion

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
LINEAR ESTIMATION AND PREDICTION
 

Forward and Backward linear prediction, Filtering – FIR Wiener filter- Filtering and linear prediction, non-causal and causal IIR Wiener filters, Discrete Kalman filter.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
MULTIRATE SIGNAL PROCESSING
 

Multirate Signal Processing: Introduction, Decimation, Interpolation, Fractional Sampling rate conversion, Multistage Implementation of Sampling Rate Conversion, Computational Efficiency. Filter design & Implementation for sampling rate conversion, Polyphase Implementation of FIR filters for decimation and interpolation. Applications of Multirate Signal Processing. Digital Filter Banks – Two Channel QMF – Perfect reconstruction two – channel FIR Filter Banks. L – Channel QMF Banks.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
ADAPTIVE FILTERS
 

Principles of adaptive filter – FIR adaptive filter – Newtons Steepest descent algorithm LMS algorithm Adaptive noise cancellation, Adaptive equalizer, Adaptive echo cancellers.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1.      John G. Proakis, Dimitris K Manolakis, “Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Applications”, Fourth Edition, PHI

Monson H, Hayes, “Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modeling”, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, Indian Reprint, 2007

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1.      Sanjit K. Mitra, “Digital  Signal Processing – A Computer Based Approach”, Fourth Edition, Mc. Graw Hill.

2.      John G Proakis & D G Manolakis, “Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Application”, ,  PHI, 1998.

3.      Johny R. Johnson, ”Introduction to Digital Signal Processing”, PHI.

4.      Avatar Singh & S. Srinivasan, “Digital Signal Processing: Implementations using DSP Microprocessors with examples from TMS320C54x”, Thomson, Brooks/cole, 2004.

5.      TI DSP Processor User Manuals.

6.      Paulo S.R.,Diniz & Sergio L. Netto, “Digital Signal Processing; Analysis and Design”, Cambridge University Press.

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester.

Assessment of each paper

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out

of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                    : 25 marks                  

CIA II  :  Assignments                                                              : 10 marks

CIA III            : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work     : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                         : 50 marks

MTEC251 - MINI PROJECT (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:50
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Apply theoretical concepts for real-time engineering problem solving.

Learning Outcome

Develop and design of prototype and product's.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:30
Mini Project
 

Mini Projects

Text Books And Reference Books:

  

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

  

Evaluation Pattern

Assessment of Practical paper

Conduct of experiments                                                        : 25 marks

Observations/Lab Record                                                    : 15 marks

Viva voce                                                                                 : 10 marks

Total                                                                                        : 50 marks

(All the above assessments are carried for each experiment during regular lab classes and averaged to max 50 marks at the end of the semester)