Department of


Syllabus for

1 Semester  2019  Batch  
Paper Code 
Paper 
Hours Per Week 
Credits 
Marks 
MLC131  RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND IPR  2  2  100 
MTEC131P  ADVANCED ANTENNAS AND RADIATION SYSTEMS  3  3  100 
MTEC132P  ADVANCED DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS  3  3  100 
MTEC133P  IC PROCESS TECHNOLOGY AND CMOS VLSI DESIGN  4  3  100 
MTEC134P  DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN USING VERILOG  4  3  100 
MTEC135P  CAD AND EDA FOR VLSI CIRCUITS  4  3  100 
MTEC136  APPLIED MATHEMATICS FOR ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS  3  3  100 
2 Semester  2019  Batch  
Paper Code 
Paper 
Hours Per Week 
Credits 
Marks 
MTEC231  WIRELESS AND MOBILE COMMUNICATION  3  3  100 
MTEC232  SOFTWARE DEFINED RADIO  3  3  100 
MTEC233  MODERN DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING  3  3  100 
MTEC251  MINI PROJECT  4  2  50 
 
Assesment Pattern  
As per University norms  
Examination And Assesments  
As per University norms  
Department Overview:  
The department is well established with state of art technology to impart knowledge for future industrial and educational needs. It is furnished with sound laboratories outfitted with hitech instruments, internet and computer systems. It has acoustic poof class rooms with audiovisual teaching aids. The total campus is networked by wire and WiFi system. It has well experienced faculties from reputed industries and institutions. The department has been made as paperless office. It has personalized syllabus suited for global industrial and academic needs. It is well integrated by standalone seminar hall and supporting auditorium to conduct seminars, workshops and training.  
Mission Statement:  
Vision
To emerge as a centre of academic excellence in the field of Electronics & Communication Engineering to address the dynamic needs of the industry upholding moral values.
Mission
1. Impart indepth knowledge in Electronics & Communication Engineering to achieve academic excellence.
2. Develop an environment of research to meet the demands of evolving technology.
3. Inculcate ethical values to promote team work and leadership qualities befitting societal requirements.
4. Provide adapt  
Introduction to Program:  
Department of Electronics & Communication, Christ University offers 2 year M.Tech programme in Communication Systems for postgraduate students. The postgraduate students are trained to have an indepth knowledge of communication systems, advanced signal processing and wireless sensor networks. The students are also prepared for system modeling and analysis so as to solve the current pressing problems in communication systems domain. The department believes in providing maximum exposure to the students, either through industries or research labs, thus making the students industry ready with a craving for research. The eligibility for admission to the programme is the student should be holding a B.E/B.Tech degree in Electronics & Communication/Telecommunication or any other relevant area from any recognized University/Institution throughout the world.  
Program Objective:  
Programme Educational Objective (PEO)
B.Tech in Electronics & Communication
1. Graduates will apply the knowledge of Electronics & Communication Engineering to analyse, design and develop solutions for real time engineering problems.
2. Graduates will have the competency to pursue higher learning and research.
3. Graduates will assimilate technical skills with professional ethics.
4. Graduates will be passionate to attain professional excellence through life long learning.
Program Outcomes(PO)
B.Tech in Electronics & Communication
PO1: Engineering knowledge: Apply the knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering fundamentals, and an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems.
PO2: Problem analysis: Identify, formulate, review research literature, and analyze complex engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences, and engineering sciences.
PO3: Design/development of solutions: Design solutions for complex engineering problems and design system components or processes that meet the specified needs with appropriate consideration for the public health and safety, and the cultural, societal, and environmental considerations.
PO4: Conduct investigations of complex problems: Use researchbased knowledge and research methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and synthesis of the information to provide valid conclusions.
PO5: Moder  
MLC131  RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND IPR (2019 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:2 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:2 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

· To give an overview of the research methodology and explain the technique of defining a research problem. · To explain the functions of the literature review in research. · To explain carrying out a literature search, its review, developing theoretical and conceptual frameworks and writing a review. To explain various research designs and their characteristics. 

Learning Outcome 

At the end of the course, the student will be able to do: · Discuss research methodology and the technique of defining a research problem · Explain the functions of the literature review in research, carrying out a literature search, developing theoretical and conceptual frameworks and writing a review. · Explain various research designs and their characteristics. Explain the details of sampling designs, measurement and scaling techniques and also different methods of data collections 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:6 
INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


Meaning of research problem Sources of research problem –Criteria Characteristics of a good research problem Errors in selecting a research Problem  Scope and objectives of research problem Approaches of investigation of solutions for research problem data collection analysis interpretation Necessary instrumentations Formulation of Hypotheses.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:6 
RESEARCH METHODS IN LIS


Types of Research Methods: Quantitative and Qualitative  Research Techniques and Tools: Questionnaire, Interview, Observation, Schedule, Checklist, Library Records and Reports  Metric Studies in LIS.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:6 
DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION


Data Analysis using Statistical Methods, Computer Processing  Interpretation and Presentation of Results.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:6 
TECHNICAL WRITING AND IPR


Research Report Writing Developing a Research Proposal (presentation and assessment by a review committee) Writing Research PaperReferencing PlagiarismResearch ethics Nature of Intellectual Property International Scenario.  
Unit5 
Teaching Hours:6 
IPR AND NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN IPR


Scope of Patent Rights Licensing and transfer of technology Patent information and databases Geographical Indications New Developments in IPR: Administration of Patent System New developments in IPR IPR of Biological Systems, Computer Software etc. Traditional knowledge Case Studies.  
Text Books And Reference Books: 1. Stuart Melville and Wayne Goddard, “Research methodology: an introduction for 2. Halbert, “Resisting Intellectual Property”, Taylor & Francis Ltd ,2007.. Robert P. Merges, Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley, “Intellectual Property in New Technological Age”, 2016.  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading KOTHARI (C R), “Research methodology: Methods & Techniques (Rev. Ed.)”, New Age International. New Delhi, 2006. ROIG (M), “Avoiding plagiarism, selfplagiarism, and other questionable writing practices: A guide to ethical writing”, 2006.  
Evaluation Pattern Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester. Assessment of each paper · Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) · End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) Components of the CIA CIA I : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks CIA II : Assignments : 10 marks CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks Total : 50 marks  
MTEC131P  ADVANCED ANTENNAS AND RADIATION SYSTEMS (2019 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:3 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

· To learn the fundamental of antenna radiation, different types of antenna and its design methodology · To impart the basic concepts of radiating structures and antenna parameters · To give understanding about analysis of arrays and different types · To give idea about different antennas for various applications · To give idea about basic propagation mechanisms To give idea about antenna measurements 

Learning Outcome 

At the end of the course, the students will be able to: ● Design any type of antenna ● Understand basic concepts of antenna radiation and its parameters. ● Design and analysis of antenna arrays and its applications. ● Develop the idea about the different antenna types and antennas for special applications ● Develop concepts in antenna parameter measurements ● Understand different propagation mechanisms namely ground, space, and sky waves 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:9 
CONCEPTS OF RADIATION


Retarded vector potentials – Heuristic approach and Maxwell’s equation approach. The Lorentz gauge condition. Vector potential in Phasor form. Fields radiated by an alternating current element. Total power radiated and radiation resistance. Radiation from Half wave dipole from assumed current distribution. Power radiated in the farfield. Electric vector potential F for a magnetic current source M. Far zone fields due to magnetic source M.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:9 
ANTENNA ARRAYS


N element linear arrays – uniform amplitude and spacing, Phased arrays, Directivity of Broadside and End fire arrays, Three dimensional characteristics, Binomial arrays and DolphTchebycheff arrays, Circular array, Antenna Synthesis Line source and discretization of continuous sources. Schelkunoff polynomial method. Fourier Transform method.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:9 
APERTURE ANTENNAS


Magnetic current – Duality. Electric and Magnetic current sheets as sources. Huyghens source. Radiation through an aperture in an absorbing screen, Fraunhoffer and Fresnel diffraction. Cornu Spiral. Complimentary screens and slot antennas. Slot and dipoles as dual antennas. Babinets principle. Fourier transform in aperture antenna theory.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:9 
HORN, MICROSTRIP, REFLECTOR ANTENNAS


E and H plane sectoral Horns. Pyramidal horns. Conical and corrugated Horns. Multimode horns. Phase center. Microstrip antennas – feeding methods. Rectangular patch Transmission line model. Parabolic Reflector antennas–Prime focus and cassegrain reflectors. Equivalent focal length of Cassegrain antennas. Spillover and taper efficiencies. Optimum illumination.  
Unit5 
Teaching Hours:9 
ANTENNA POLARIZATION


Simple relationship involving spherical triangles. Linear, Elliptical and circular polarization. Development of the Poincare sphere. Representation of the state of polarization in the Poincare sphere. Random polarization – Stokes parameters.  
Text Books And Reference Books: 1. Balanis, C.A., “Antenna Theory” Wiley, 2005. 2. Jordan, E.C., “Electromagnetic waves and Radiating systems”. PHI 2008.  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading 1. Krauss, J.D., “Radio Astronomy” McGrawHill. 2. Krauss, J.D.,, Fleisch, D.A., “Electromagnetics” McGrawHill,2001.  
Evaluation Pattern Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester. Assessment of each paper · Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) · End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) Components of the CIA CIA I : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks CIA II : Assignments : 10 marks CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks Total : 50 marks  
MTEC132P  ADVANCED DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (2019 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:3 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

· To understand the basics of signal space analysis and digital transmission. · To understand the coherent and noncoherent receivers and its impact on different channel characteristics. · To understand carrier and symbol synchronization techniques. · To understand the different block coded and convolutional coded digital communication systems. To understand the different spread spectrum techniques for digital communication. 

Learning Outcome 

At the end of the course, the student will be able to: ● Develop the ability to understand the concepts of signal space analysis coherent and noncoherent receivers in AWGN channel. ● Comprehend the synchronization of carrier and symbol of the received signal. ● Possess knowledge on different block codes and convolutional codes. ● Conceptually appreciate spread spectrum techniques. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:9 
DIGITAL MODULATION SCHEMES


Representation of Digitally Modulated Signals, Memoryless Modulation Methods, Signaling Schemes with Memory, Power Spectrum of Digitally Modulated Signals.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:9 
OPTIMUM RECEIVERS FOR AWGN CHANNEL


Waveform and Vector Channel Models, Waveform and Vector AWGN Models, Optimal Detection and Error Probability for BandLimited Signaling, Optimal Detection and Error Probability for PowerLimited Signaling, Comparison of Digital Signaling Methods, Performance Analysis for Wireline and Radio Communication Systems.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:9 
CARRIER AND SYMBOL SYCHRONIZATION


Signal Parameter Estimation, Carrier Phase Estimation, Symbol Timing Estimation, Joint Estimation of Carrier Phase and Symbol Timing, Performance Characteristics of Maximum Likelihood Estimators.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:9 
ERROR CONTROL CODING


Discrete Memoryless Channels, Linear Block Codes, Cyclic Block Codes, Convolution Codes, Maximum Likelihood Decoding of Convolutional codes  Viterbi Algorithm, Trellis codes, Applications.  
Unit5 
Teaching Hours:9 
SPREAD SPECTRUM SIGNALS FOR DIGITAL COMMUNICATION


Model of Spread Spectrum Digital Communication System, Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Signals, FrequencyHopped Spread Spectrum Signals, Synchronization of Spread Spectrum Systems.  
Text Books And Reference Books: 1. John G. Proakis, "Digital Communication", McGraw Hill, 5th edition, 2008. 2. Simon Haykin, "Digital communications", John Wiley and Sons, Reprint 2009.  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading 1. Bernard Sklar, "Digital Communication  Fundamental and applications", Pearson education (Asia), Pvt. Ltd., 2nd edition, 2001. Andrew J. Viterbi, "CDMA: Principles of spread spectrum communications", Prentice Hall, USA, 1995.  
Evaluation Pattern Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester. Assessment of each paper · Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) · End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) Components of the CIA CIA I : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks CIA II : Assignments : 10 marks CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks Total : 50 marks  
MTEC133P  IC PROCESS TECHNOLOGY AND CMOS VLSI DESIGN (2019 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:3 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

This course deals with the concepts of Integrated circuit process technologies and MOS system in digital VLSI design and modern tools to simulate Schematic and Layout of Digital circuits. 

Learning Outcome 

At the end of the course, the student will be able to do: · Apply the concepts of MOS system in digital VLSI design. · Analyse the electrical and physical properties, Switching characteristics and interconnect effect of a MOS system in digital VLSI design. Design dynamic logic circuits, Semiconductors Memory circuits, and different CMOS logic circuits. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:10 
CRYSTAL GROWTH, WAFER PREPARATION, EPITAXY & ION IMPLANTATION


Lithography: Introduction, Optical Lithography, Electron Lithography, Xray Lithography, Ion Lithography.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:10 
DIELECTRIC AND POLYSILICON FILM DEPOSITION, METALLIZATION, VLSI PROCESS INTEGRATION & PACKAGING OF VLSI DEVICES


Dielectric and Polysilicon Film Deposition: Introduction, Deposition Processes, Polysilicon, Silicon Dioxide, Silicon Nitride, PlasmaAssisted Depositions, Other Materials. Metallization: Introduction, Metallization Applications, Metallization Choices, Physical Vapour Deposition, Patterning, Metallization Problems, New Role of Metallization. VLSI Process Integration: Introduction, Fundamental Considerations for IC Processing, NMOS IC technology, CMOS, BiCMOS IC Technology. MOS Memory IC Technology, Bipolar IC Technology, IC Fabrication. Packaging of VLSI Devices: Introduction, Package Types, Packaging Design Considerations.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:15 
MOS TRANSISTOR THEORY AND DEVICE SCALING


nMOS / pMOS transistor, Threshold voltage equation, Body effect, MOS device design equation, Subthreshold region, Channel length modulation. Mobility variation, Tunneling, punch through, Hot electron effect MOS models, Small signal AC Characteristics, CMOS inverter, βn/βp ratio, Noise margin, Static load MOS inverters, Differential inverter, Transmission gate, Tristate inverter, BiCMOS inverter. Lambda Based Design rules, Scaling factor, Current CMOS enhancement (oxide isolation, LDD. Refractory gate, Multilayer inter connect), Circuit elements, Resistor, Capacitor, Interconnects, Sheet resistance & Standard unit capacitance concepts delay unit time, Inverter delays, Driving capacitive loads, Propagate delays, MOS mask layer, Stick diagram, Design rules and layout, Symbolic diagram, Scaling of MOS circuits.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:15 
DIGITAL CMOS DESIGN


Advantages of CMOS over NMOS, CMOS\SOS technology, CMOS\bulk technology, Latch up in bulk CMOS, Combinational MOS Logic circuitsIntroduction, CMOS logic circuits with a MOS load, CMOS logic circuits, complex logic circuits, Transmission Gate. Sequential MOS logic Circuits  Introduction, Behaviour of hi stable elements, SR latch Circuit, Clocked latch and Flip Flop Circuits, CMOS D latch and triggered Flip Flop. Dynamic Logic Circuits  Introduction, Principles of pass transistor circuits, Voltage boot strapping synchronous dynamic circuit’s techniques, Dynamic CMOS circuit techniques, Static CMOS design, Domino CMOS structure and design, Charge sharing, Clocking clock generation, Clock distribution, Clocked storage elements.  
Unit5 
Teaching Hours:10 
CMOS ANALOG DESIGN


Introduction, Single Amplifier, Differential Amplifier, Current mirrors, Band gap references, Basics of cross operational amplifier.  
Text Books And Reference Books: Weste & Harris, CMOS VLSI Design: A Circuits andSystems Perspective, 3rd ed, Addison Wesley, 2005  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading Digital Design, 3rd edition by M. Morris Mano. Principles of CMOS VLSI design by N H E Weste & K Eshraghian. Modern VLSI Design: System on Silicon by Wayne Wolf.  
Evaluation Pattern Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester. Assessment of each paper · Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) · End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) Components of the CIA CIA I : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks CIA II : Assignments : 10 marks CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks Total : 50 marks For subjects having practical as part of the subject
Assessment of Practical paper Conduct of experiments : 25 marks Observations/Lab Record : 15 marks Viva voce : 10 marks Total : 50 marks (All the above assessments are carried for each experiment during regular lab classes and averaged to max 50 marks at the end of the semester)  
MTEC134P  DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN USING VERILOG (2019 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:3 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

· This course is an introduction to the VHDL language. The emphasis is on writing synthesizable code and enough simulation code to write a viable testbench. · The information gained can be applied to any digital design by using a topdown synthesis design approach. 

Learning Outcome 

At the end of the course, the student will be able to do: · Implement the VHDL portion of coding for synthesis. · Identify the differences between behavioral and structural coding styles. · Understand the basic principle of circuit design and analysis. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:9 
INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY


Digital Systems and Embedded Systems, Boolean Functions and Boolean algebra, Binary Coding, Combinational Components and Circuits, Verification of Combinational Circuits. Number Basics: Unsigned and Signed Integers, Fixed and Floatingpoint Numbers, Binary representation and Circuit Elements, RealWorld Circuits, Models, Design Methodology.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:9 
SEQUENTIAL BASICS & MEMORIES


Storage elements, Counters, Sequential Data paths and Control, Clocked Synchronous Timing Methodology. Memories: Concepts, Memory Types, Error Detection and Correction.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:9 
IMPLEMENTATION FABRICS & PROCESSOR BASICS


ICs, PLDs, Packaging and Circuit Boards, Interconnection and Signal Integrity. Processor Basics: Embedded Computer Organization, Instruction and Data, Interfacing with memory.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:9 
I/O INTERFACING, ACCELERATORS & DESIGN METHODOLOGY


I/O devices, I/O controllers, Parallel Buses, Serial Transmission, I/O software. Accelerators: Concepts, case study, Verification of accelerators. Design Methodology: Design flow, Design optimization, Design for test.  
Unit5 
Teaching Hours:9 
SIMPLE SINGLE CYCLE AND MULTI CYCLE PROCESSOR DESIGN


Introduction of Simple Single Cycle and Multi Cycle Processor Design.  
Text Books And Reference Books: 1. C. H. Roth, Digital Systems Design Using VHDL, Thomson Publications, Fourth Edition, 2002. V. A. Pedroni, Circuit Design with VHDL, MIT Press/PHI, 2004.  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading 1. Parhami, Behrooz, Computer Arithmetic: Algorithms and Hardware Designs, Oxford University Press, 2009. 2. Z. Navabi, Verilog Digital System Design, Second Edition, Tata McGrawHill, 2008. 3. R. C. Cofer and B. F. Harding, Rapid System Prototyping with FPGAs: Accelerating the Design Process, Elsevier/Newness, 2005. Peter J. Ashenden, “Digital Design: An Embedded Systems Approach Using VERILOG”, Elesvier, 2010.  
Evaluation Pattern Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester. Assessment of each paper · Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) · End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) Components of the CIA CIA I : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks CIA II : Assignments : 10 marks CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks Total : 50 marks For subjects having practical as part of the subject
Assessment of Practical paper Conduct of experiments : 25 marks Observations/Lab Record : 15 marks Viva voce : 10 marks Total : 50 marks (All the above assessments are carried for each experiment during regular lab classes and averaged to max 50 marks at the end of the semester)  
MTEC135P  CAD AND EDA FOR VLSI CIRCUITS (2019 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:3 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

· To discuss the basics of VLSI Design Automation. · To understand the concepts of physical design process. To gain the knowledge on Simulation and Synthesis in VLSI Design Automation. 

Learning Outcome 

At the end of the course, the student will be able to do: · Design advanced electronics systems. · Evaluate and analyze the systems in VLSI design environments. · Apply advanced technical knowledge in multiple contexts. Conduct an organized and systematic study on significant research topic within the field of VLSI and its allied field. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:10 
VLSI DESIGN METHODOLOGIES


Introduction to VLSI Design methodologies  Review of Data structures and algorithms  Review of VLSI Design automation tools  Algorithmic Graph Theory and Computational Complexity  Tractable and Intractable problems.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:8 
DESIGN RULES & FLOOR PLANNING


Layout Compaction  Design rules  problem formulation  algorithms for constraint graph compaction  placement and partitioning  Circuit representation  Placement algorithms – partitioning. Floor planning concepts  shape functions and floorplan sizing  Types of local routing problems Area routing  channel routing  global routing  algorithms for global routing.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:10 
SIMULATION, MODELLING AND SYNTHESIS


Simulation  Gatelevel modelling and simulation  Switchlevel modelling and simulation Combinational Logic Synthesis  Binary Decision Diagrams  Two Level Logic Synthesis. High level Synthesis  Hardware models  Internal representation  Allocation  assignment and scheduling  Simple scheduling algorithm  Assignment problem  High level transformations.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:20 
AN OVERVIEW OF OS COMMANDS AND SCRIPTING


System settings and configuration. Introduction to UNIX commands. Writing Shell scripts, VLSI design automation tools, Basics of TCLTK Scripting Language, Basics of PERL Scripting, Basics of Python Scripting.  
Unit5 
Teaching Hours:12 
OVERVIEW OF THE FEATURES OF PRACTICAL CAD TOOLS


Logic synthesis using verilog. Memory and FSM synthesis. Performance driven synthesis, Simulation Types of simulation. Static timing analysis. Formal verification. Switchlevel and transistor level simulation. Circuit description. AC, DC and transient analysis. Advanced spice commands and analysis. Models for diodes, transistors.  
Text Books And Reference Books: S.H. Gerez, "Algorithms for VLSI Design Automation", John Wiley & Sons,2002  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading N.A. Sherwani, "Algorithms for VLSI Physical Design Automation", Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002  
Evaluation Pattern Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester. Assessment of each paper · Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) · End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) Components of the CIA CIA I : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks CIA II : Assignments : 10 marks CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks Total : 50 marks For subjects having practical as part of the subject
Assessment of Practical paper Conduct of experiments : 25 marks Observations/Lab Record : 15 marks Viva voce : 10 marks Total : 50 marks (All the above assessments are carried for each experiment during regular lab classes and averaged to max 50 marks at the end of the semester)  
MTEC136  APPLIED MATHEMATICS FOR ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS (2019 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:3 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

· To introduce the Concepts of CTFT, DTFT and ZTransform with application to Communication. · To introduce the Concepts of STFT, CWT, DWT with application to Compression Techniques. · To introduce the Concepts of Linear Algebra with application to Communication. · To introduce the basic Statistical Data Analysis. 

Learning Outcome 

At the end of the course, the student will be able to: ● Employ the appropriate Transform among CTFT, DTFT and Z Transform to analyze an application. ● Employ the concept of STFT and DWT for compression applications. ● Identify the concepts of Linear Algebra for Communication related applications. ● Employ the concepts of Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Process for Statistical Signal Processing and Communication related applications. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:9 
TRANSFORMS ? PART I


Continuous Time Fourier Transform (CTFT) – Properties of CTFT – Application to Communication Systems: Amplitude Modulation – DSB – SC, SSB. Sampling – Discrete Time Fourier Transform – Properties of DTFT. Z – Transform – Properties of Z – transform, Applications.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:9 
TRANSFORMS ? PART II


STFT – Definition and Interpretations, General Properties, STFT Application, CWT – Definition and Interpretations, General Properties, Application, DWT – Definition and Interpretations, General Properties, Applications.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:9 
LINEAR ALGEBRA


Linear Algebra  vector spaces, linear independence, bases and dimension, Orthonormal Basis function, Gram Schmidt Orthogonalization, linear maps and matrices, Eigen values and Eigenvectors, Positive Definite Matrix: Minima, Maxima and Saddle Points, Test for Positive Definiteness, Singular Value Decomposition and Finite Element Method, Examples and Applications.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:9 
PROBABILITY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES ? PART ? I


Axiomatic definitions of probability; conditional probability, independence and Bayes theorem, Bernoulli Trials, Concept of a Random Variable, Distribution and Density Functions, Mean Value and Moments, Gaussian Random Variable, Other Probability Density Function, Examples and Applications, Introduction to Two Random Variables. Random Process, Stationarity, Ergodic and Nonergodic Random Process.  
Unit5 
Teaching Hours:9 
PROBABILITY AND STOCHASTIC PROCESSES ? PART ? II


Autocorrelation Function, Properties and Measurements of Autocorrelation Functions, Crosscorrelation, Properties and Measurements of Crosscorrelation Functions, Examples and Applications of Autocorrelation and Crosscorrelation functions. Relation of Spectral Density to Fourier Transform, Relation of Spectral Density to the Autocorrelation function, White Noise, Periodogram Estimate of Spectral Density, Examples and Applications of Spectral Density.  
Text Books And Reference Books: 1. B. P. Lathi, Principles of Linear Systems and Signals, 2^{nd} Edition, Oxford University Press, 2013. 2. K P Soman, K I Ramachandran, N G Resmi, Insight into Wavelet from Theory and Practice, Third Edition, PHI Publications, 2007  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading 1. G. Strang, Linear Algebra and Its Applications, Nelson Engineering, 2007. 2. S. Axler, Linear Algebra Done Right, 2nd Edn., Springer, 1997. 3. George R Cooper, Clare D. McGillem, Probabilistic Methods of Signal and System Analysis, Third Edition, Oxford University Press, 2008.  
Evaluation Pattern Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester. Assessment of each paper · Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) · End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) Components of the CIA CIA I : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks CIA II : Assignments : 10 marks CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks Total : 50 marks  
MTEC231  WIRELESS AND MOBILE COMMUNICATION (2019 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:3 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

· To review mobile communication systems. · To describe frequencyreuse concept in mobile communications and to examining its effects on interference, system capacity, handoff techniques. · To distinguish multipleaccess techniques for mobile communications FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, and their advantages and disadvantages. · To explain path loss and interference for wireless telephony and their influences on a mobile communication system’s performance. · To Analyze and design CDMA system functioning with knowledge of forward and reverse channel details. 

Learning Outcome 

Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to: · Design appropriate mobile communication systems. · Describe frequencyreuse concept in mobile communications and to examine its effects on interference, system capacity, handoff techniques · Distinguish multipleaccess techniques for mobile communications FDMA, TDMA, CDMA. · Illustrate path loss and interference for wireless telephony and their influences on a mobile communication system’s performance. · Investigate CDMA system functioning with knowledge of forward and reverse channel details. Understand upcoming technologies 3G, 4G etc. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:9 
CELLULAR COMMUNICATION FUNDAMENTALS


Cellular system design, Frequency reuse, cell splitting, handover concepts, Co channel and adjacent channel interference, interference reduction techniques and methods to improve cell coverage, Frequency management and channel assignment.GSM architecture and interfaces, GSM architecture details, GSM subsystems, GSM Logical Channels, Data Encryption in GSM, Mobility Management, Call Flows in GSM.2.5 G Standards: High speed Circuit Switched Data (HSCSD), General Packet Radio Service (GPRS), 2.75 G Standards: EDGE  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:9 
SPECTRAL EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS BASED ON CALCULATIONS FOR MULTIPLE ACCESS TECHNOLOGIES


TDMA, FDMA and CDMA, Comparison of these technologies based on their signal separation techniques, advantages, disadvantages and application areas. Wireless network planning, Equalization, Diversity: Equalizers in a communications receiver, Algorithms for adaptive equalization, diversity techniques, space, polarization, frequency diversity, Interleaving  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:9 
MOBILE RADIO PROPAGATION


Large Scale Path Loss, Free Space Propagation Model, Reflection, Ground Reflection (TwoRay) Model, Diffraction, Scattering, Practical Link Budget Design using Path Loss Models, Outdoor Propagation Models, Indoor Propagation Models, Signal Penetration into Buildings. Small Scale Fading and Multipath Propagation, Impulse Response Model, Multipath Measurements, Parameters of Multipath channels, Types of Small Scale Fading: Time Delay Spread; Flat, Frequency selective, Doppler Spread; Fast and Slow fading.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:9 
CODE DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS


Introduction to CDMA technology, IS 95 system Architecture, Air Interface, Physical and logical channels of IS 95, Forward Link and Reverse link operation, Physical and Logical channels of IS 95 CDMA, IS 95 CDMA Call Processing, soft Handoff, Evolution of IS 95 (CDMA One) to CDMA 2000, CDMA 2000 layering structure and channels.  
Unit5 
Teaching Hours:9 
HIGHER GENERATION CELLULAR STANDARDS


3G Standards: evolved EDGE, enhancements in 4G standard, Architecture and representative protocols, call flow for LTE, VoLTE, UMTS, introduction to 5G.  
Text Books And Reference Books: 1. V.K.Garg, J.E.Wilkes, “Principle and Application of GSM”, Pearson Education, 5^{th}edition, 2008. 2. V.K.Garg, “IS95 CDMA & CDMA 2000”, Pearson Education, 4th edition, 2009.  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading 1. T.S.Rappaport, “Wireless Communications Principles and Practice”, 2nd edition, PHI, 2002. 2. William C.Y.Lee, “Mobile Cellular Telecommunications Analog and Digital Systems”, 2^{nd}edition, TMH. AshaMehrotra, “A GSM system Engineering” Artech House Publishers Bosten, London.  
Evaluation Pattern Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester. Assessment of each paper · Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) · End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) Components of the CIA CIA I : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks CIA II : Assignments : 10 marks CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks Total : 50 marks  
MTEC232  SOFTWARE DEFINED RADIO (2019 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:3 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

This course aims in understanding an indepth knowledge of wireless RF hardware design issues and to evaluate the performances by implementing a testbed using Software defined radio. 

Learning Outcome 

At the end of the course, the student will be: ● To understand basic design issues of physical RF hardware blocks ● To apply the knowledge of wireless communication systems andsignal processing filters, designs using Software defined radio To evaluate the performance parameters of RF testbed using NIUSRP OR Xilinx ZYNQ 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:9 
CONCEPTS OF SOFTWARE DEFINED RADIO


Definition and need of software defined radio [SDR], benefits, Basic components and architecture of SDR, design issues of RF implementation of wireless system, reconfigurability of RF hardware design using SDR.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:9 
RADIO FREQUENCY DESIGN ISSUES


Basic issues in RF designing and Baseband processing of radio frequency design, flexibility of RF chain design using SDR, Transmitter and receiver design of RF wireless system, noise and distortion in RF chain, ADC/DAC in RF chain, overall performance of RF design, characteristics of SDR in terms of RF filter and baseband processing.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:9 
WAVEFORM GENERATION USING SDR


Introduction to wireless communication system parameters – BER, SNR, Transmission power and Noise, spectrum efficiency, SDR design to implement transmitter design using modulation schemes in analog and digital domain, Receiver design including filtering, and demodulation, estimation of Bit error rate for simple structure of BPSK and QPSK.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:9 
INTRODUCTION TO DIFFERENT SDR


NI USRP SDR hardware kit and Labview Software modelling, TRANSCEIVER DESIGN IN THE RANGE OF 50 MHz to 2.2 GHZ, Xilinx Zynq board and FPGA kit to develop wireless design testbed, RF 2x2 MIMO setup, Smart Antennas and Beamforming techniques, diversity and adaptive space time division multiplexing and signal processing.  
Unit5 
Teaching Hours:9 
INFORMAL LAB


Informal Lab –Test bed design using hands on session of any one SDR hardware set up using NI USRP SDR/ Xilinx ZYNQ board Waveform Generations, signal processing filters, estimation of wireless system parameters.  
Text Books And Reference Books: 1. Tony J Rouphael, “RF and DSP for SDR,” Elsevier Newnes Press, 2008. 2. P. Kenington, “RF and Baseband Techniques for Software Defined Radio,” Artech House, 2005.  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading 1. P. Kenington, “RF and Baseband Techniques for Software Defined Radio,” Artech House, 2005 Jeffrey Hugh Reed, “Software Radio: A Modern Approach to Radio Engineering,” Prentice Hall Professional, 2002.  
Evaluation Pattern Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester. Assessment of each paper · Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) · End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) Components of the CIA CIA I : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks CIA II : Assignments : 10 marks CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks Total : 50 marks  
MTEC233  MODERN DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING (2019 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:3 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

● To analyze different signals used in real time applications. ● To illustrate multirate signal processing fundamentals. ● To investigate the linear estimation and prediction ● To explain adaptive filtering techniques using LMS algorithm ● To Describe applications of adaptive filtering in noise cancellation, equalizer, and echo cancellers. 

Learning Outcome 

Upon completion of this course, the students will be able to: ● Recognize different signals used in real time applications. ● Demonstrate multirate signal processing fundamentals. ● Investigate the linear estimation and prediction ● Explain adaptive filtering techniques using LMS algorithm ● Describe applications of adaptive filtering 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:9 
DISCRETETIME RANDOM SIGNALS


Discrete random process – Ensemble averages, Stationary and ergodic processes, Autocorrelation and Autocovariance properties and matrices, White noise, Power Spectral Density, Spectral Factorization, Innovations Representation and Process, Filtering random processes, ARMA, AR and MA processes.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:9 
SPECTRUM ESTIMATION


Bias and Consistency, Periodogram, Modified periodogram, BlackmanTukey method, Welch method, Parametric methods of spectral estimation, LevinsonDurbin recursion  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:9 
LINEAR ESTIMATION AND PREDICTION


Forward and Backward linear prediction, Filtering – FIR Wiener filter Filtering and linear prediction, noncausal and causal IIR Wiener filters, Discrete Kalman filter.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:9 
MULTIRATE SIGNAL PROCESSING


Multirate Signal Processing: Introduction, Decimation, Interpolation, Fractional Sampling rate conversion, Multistage Implementation of Sampling Rate Conversion, Computational Efficiency. Filter design & Implementation for sampling rate conversion, Polyphase Implementation of FIR filters for decimation and interpolation. Applications of Multirate Signal Processing. Digital Filter Banks – Two Channel QMF – Perfect reconstruction two – channel FIR Filter Banks. L – Channel QMF Banks.  
Unit5 
Teaching Hours:9 
ADAPTIVE FILTERS


Principles of adaptive filter – FIR adaptive filter – Newton’s Steepest descent algorithm – LMS algorithm – Adaptive noise cancellation, Adaptive equalizer, Adaptive echo cancellers.  
Text Books And Reference Books: 1. John G. Proakis, Dimitris K Manolakis, “Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Applications”, Fourth Edition, PHI Monson H, Hayes, “Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modeling”, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, Indian Reprint, 2007  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading 1. Sanjit K. Mitra, “Digital Signal Processing – A Computer Based Approach”, Fourth Edition, Mc. Graw Hill. 2. John G Proakis & D G Manolakis, “Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Application”, , PHI, 1998. 3. Johny R. Johnson, ”Introduction to Digital Signal Processing”, PHI. 4. Avatar Singh & S. Srinivasan, “Digital Signal Processing: Implementations using DSP Microprocessors with examples from TMS320C54x”, Thomson, Brooks/cole, 2004. 5. TI DSP Processor User Manuals. 6. Paulo S.R.,Diniz & Sergio L. Netto, “Digital Signal Processing; Analysis and Design”, Cambridge University Press.  
Evaluation Pattern Assessment is based on the performance of the student throughout the semester. Assessment of each paper · Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) for Theory papers: 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) · End Semester Examination(ESE) : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) Components of the CIA CIA I : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks CIA II : Assignments : 10 marks CIA III : Quizzes/Seminar/Case Studies/Project Work : 10 marks Attendance : 05 marks Total : 50 marks  
MTEC251  MINI PROJECT (2019 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 
Max Marks:50 
Credits:2 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

Apply theoretical concepts for realtime engineering problem solving. 

Learning Outcome 

Develop and design of prototype and product's. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:30 
Mini Project


Mini Projects  
Text Books And Reference Books:
 
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
 
Evaluation Pattern Assessment of Practical paper Conduct of experiments : 25 marks Observations/Lab Record : 15 marks Viva voce : 10 marks Total : 50 marks (All the above assessments are carried for each experiment during regular lab classes and averaged to max 50 marks at the end of the semester) 