Life on Land

Protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
It has been recorded that ten million hectares of forest area are destroyed every year. Almost 90 % of global deforestation is due to agricultural expansion, which includes 49.6% due to cropland expansion and 38.5% due to livestock grazing.

Biodiversity was largely neglected during the pandemic as the majority of the funding was directed towards covid-19 recovery spending, which requires it to be brought to attention. Around 40,000 species are documented to be at risk of extinction over the coming decades. Only 133 parties have ratified the Nagoya protocol, which addresses access to genetic resources and their fair and equitable use.

Only half of the freshwater, terrestrial, and mountain key biodiversity areas are protected. Multiple targets and indicators have been set up and are being used to assure the achievement of the fifteenth SDG.








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