Department of SCHOOL OF LAW

Syllabus for
Bachelor of Arts-Bachelor of Law (Honours)
Academic Year  (2021)

 
1 Semester - 2021 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAL111 POLITICAL THEORY-I Core Courses 4 4 100
BAL127 FOUNDATIONAL KANNADA Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course 3 02 50
BAL132 ENGLISH Core Courses 4 4 100
BAL143 PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS Core Courses 4 4 100
BAL164 LEGAL METHODS Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL165 INDIAN LEGAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL166 LAW OF TORTS Core Courses 5 4 100
2 Semester - 2021 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAL211 POLITICAL THEORY - II - 4 4 100
BAL232 LAW AND LITERATURE - 5 4 100
BAL243 INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS - 4 4 100
BAL264 LEGAL LANGUAGE AND LEGAL WRITING - 5 4 100
BAL265 LAW OF CONSUMER PROTECTION AND MOTOR VEHICLES ACT - 5 4 100
BAL2E1 HUMAN RIGHTS - 5 4 100
BAL2E2 ANIMAL WELFARE LAW - 5 4 100
BAL2E3 HISTORY OF LAW AND JUSTICE - 5 4 100
BAL2E4 LAW, POVERTY AND DEVELOPMENT - 5 4 100
BAL2E5 LAW AND MEDICINE - 5 4 100
3 Semester - 2020 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAL311 INDIAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS - I Core Courses 4 4 100
BAL327 FOUNDATIONAL KANNADA Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course 2 02 50
BAL352 LAW AND SOCIETY Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL364 LAW OF CONTRACT - I Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL365 FAMILY LAW - I Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL383 PHILOSOPHY OF LAW Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL3E1 FOREST LAWS Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL3E2 WOMEN AND LAW Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL3E3 FOOD LAW AND POLICY Discipline Specific Elective 5 04 100
BAL3E4 CRITICAL THINKING, READING AND WRITING IN LAW Discipline Specific Elective 5 5 100
4 Semester - 2020 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAL411 INDIAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS - II - 4 4 100
BAL442 LAW AND ECONOMICS - 4 4 100
BAL463 JURISPRUDENCE - 60 4 100
BAL464 LAW OF CONTRACT - II - 5 4 100
BAL465 FAMILY LAW - II - 5 4 100
BAL466 PROPERTY LAW - 5 4 100
5 Semester - 2019 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAL561 COMPANY LAW - I Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL562 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW - I Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL564 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL565 LABOUR AND INDUSTRIAL LAW - I Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL583 PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LAW Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL5E1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY - 5 4 100
6 Semester - 2019 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAL661 CRIMINAL LAW - I - 5 4 100
BAL662 COMPANY LAW - II - 5 4 100
BAL663 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW - II - 5 4 100
BAL665 LABOUR AND INDUSTRIAL LAW - II - 5 4 100
BAL684 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW - 5 4 100
BAL6E1 LAW OF CORPORATE INSOLVENCY - 5 4 100
BAL6E2 CLIMATE CHANGE: LAW AND POLICY - 5 4 60
BAL6E3 ENERGY LAWS - 5 4 100
BAL6E4 DOMESTIC VIOLENCE - 5 4 100
BAL6E5 SECURITIES LAWS - 5 4 100
BAL6E6 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY - 5 4 100
7 Semester - 2018 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAL761 ADMINISTRATIVE LAW Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL764 PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL782 LAW OF BANKING Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL783 LAW OF INSURANCE Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL7E1A LAW OF TRADEMARKS Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL7E1B INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW Discipline Specific Elective 5 1 100
BAL7E2A COMPARATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL7E2B NUCLEAR LAW Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL7E3A CYBER LAW Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL7E3B GENDER, DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION IN ORGANIZATIONAL MANAGEMENT Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL7E4A EARTH JUSTICE- DEVELOPING A NEW JURISPRUDENCE Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL7E4B LAW OF MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS Discipline Specific Elective 4 4 100
BAL7E5A REAL ESTATE AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT LAWS Discipline Specific Elective 5 3 100
BAL7E5B LAND LAWS Discipline Specific Elective 4 4 100
8 Semester - 2018 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAL863 CRIMINAL LAW - II - 5 4 100
BAL864 CIVIL PROCEDURE CODE AND LIMITATION ACT - 5 4 100
BAL881 LAW OF E-COMMERCE - 5 4 100
BAL882 INTERPRETATION OF STATUTES - 5 4 100
BAL8E1A HEALTH LAW - 5 4 100
BAL8E1B INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW - 5 4 100
BAL8E2A SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND HUMAN RIGHTS - 5 4 100
BAL8E2B MEDIA LAW - 5 4 100
BAL8E3A LAW OF INJUNCTIONS - 5 4 100
BAL8E3B LAW OF COPYRIGHT - 5 4 100
BAL8E4A COMPARATIVE CORPORATE LAW - 4 4 100
BAL8E4B CONFLICT OF LAWS - 5 4 100
BAL8E5A LAW OF WRITS - 5 4 100
BAL8E5B INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW - 5 4 100
9 Semester - 2017 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAL961 LAW OF TAXATION Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL962 LAW OF EVIDENCE Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL975 DRAFTING, PLEADING AND CONVEYANCE (C1) Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL976 ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION (C2) Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL983 COMPETITION LAW Core Courses 5 4 100
BAL9E1 NEGOTIATION, DRAFTING AND VETTING OF CONTRACTS Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL9E2 WITNESS EXAMINATION Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL9E3 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND LAW Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL9E4 TELECOMMUNICATION LAW Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
BAL9E5 AVIATION LAW Discipline Specific Elective 5 4 100
10 Semester - 2017 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAL1073 PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION, LEGAL AID AND PARA LEGAL SERVICES (C3) - 5 4 100
BAL1074 MOOT COURT AND INTERNSHIP (C4) - 5 4 100
BAL1075 PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND PROFESSIONAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM(C5) - 4 4 100
BAL1086 DISSERTATION - 5 4 100
BAL10E1A PARA LEGAL SERVICES - FIELD VISIT - 4 4 100
BAL10E1B INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LAW - 5 4 100
BAL10E2A INTERNATIONAL TAXATION - 5 4 100
BAL10E2B LAW OF EXECUTION - 5 4 100
BAL10E3A INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION - 5 4 100
BAL10E3B SPORTS LAW - 5 4 100
BAL10E4A PENOLOGY AND VICTIMOLOGY - 5 04 100
BAL10E4B ANTITRUST AND PATENT LAW - 5 4 100
BAL10E5A MARITIME LAW - 5 4 100
BAL10E5B SPACE LAW - 4 4 100
        

Department Overview:

The School of Law, CHRIST (Deemed to be University) is a premier law school in the country having been consistently ranked among the top ten law schools for many years now by leading ranking agencies measured on comprehensive academic parameters. 

The School of Law in alignment with the University’s vision of ‘Excellence and Service’, focuses on holistic educational development which seeks to nurture socially committed and professionally competent law students, the testimony of which is manifested in the strong, well placed alumni across the globe.

The dynamic and flexible curriculum which appeals to a wide range of interests is taught as elective courses apart from the conventionally mandated Bar Council of India core papers. The teaching pedagogy is unique by its cutting edge focus on legal skill development through specialised guest lectures, workshops, seminars, simulation exercises and value added courses on legal drafting, meditation, conciliation, arbitration and mooting to enable the prepared transition from theory to practice. 

Mission Statement:

To create and pro actively generate in depth legal knowledge in the student community so that they can transfer their knowledge acquired to the larger benefits of the society in accordance with professional ethics and values.

Introduction to Program:

BA, LL.B (Honours). 
The BA LL.B ( Honours) is specially designed with a multi-disciplinary approach to cater to legal industries’ requirement of litigation, judiciary, academia, policy engagement et cetera. This Programme provides a stellar background for foray into Indian Administrative Services too. 

In the First two years of the integrated BA, LL.B ( honours) programme, Major courses like economics and political science are offered which primarily forms the differential element as against the BBA, LL.B ( honours)  programme.   

In the First two years of the integrated BBA, LL.B ( honours) programme, Major courses like Accounting and Management are offered which primarily forms the differential element as against the BA, LL.B ( honours)  programme.  

Program Objective:

PO1: ACADEMIC EXPERTISE                 
1. A developed knowledge and critical understanding of the key concepts
2. Knowledge in core areas of law - legislations
3. Knowledge in non core areas / interdisciplinary

PO2: CRITICAL THINKING, LEGAL REASONING AND RESEARCH SKILLS
1. The ability to review, present and critically evaluate qualitative and quantitative information to:
a) Develop lines of argument;
b) Make sound judgments in accordance with the major theories, concepts and methods of the subject(s) of study;
c) Apply underlying concepts, principles, and techniques of analysis, both within and outside the discipline;
d)Where appropriate use this knowledge in the creative process

  

Assesment Pattern

 

·         CIA I – Class Test / Assignment / Presentation            – 10%

 

·         CIA II – Mid Semester Examination                                  – 25%

 

·         CIA III – Research Topic                                                     – 10%

 

·         Attendance                                                                            – 05%

 

·         End Semester Examination                                                – 50%

 

                                                                                                TOTAL 100%

 

Examination And Assesments

Continuous internal assessments for theory course 50%, end semester examination 50%

BAL111 - POLITICAL THEORY-I (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

 This course aims at introducing the philosophical ideas underlying constitution and other branches of law. Knowledge of these ideas will enable the students to understand the legal principles in a better way.

 

Unit 1 will deal with the contributions of Greek thinkers and the evolution of concepts like democracy and justice.

Unit 2 will deal will the impact of Medieval thinkers and their contributions to political thought.

Unit 3 will deal with the renaissance and modern political thinkers social contract theories that attempt to explain the origin of the state.

Unit 4 will deal with the prominent thinkers of liberal and conservative thought.

Unit 5 will deal with the writings of Hegel, Karl Marx and the revisionist thinkers.

Unit 6Will deal with contemporary political thought in India. 

Learning Outcome

 At the end of the course, the students will be in a position to: 

  • comprehend key ideas of all major political thinkers, both western and Indian.
  • establish connection between law and philosophy and
  • improve their written skills especially in academic writing.
  • articulate their ideas clearly and concisely with a marked change in their analytical capabilities.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:10
CLASSICAL THINKERS: THE GREEK THINKERS
 

Socrates – Paradoxes, Idea of Athenian Democracy, Political Philosophy. 

Plato- The idea of the Republic, Private property, justice, censorship, freedom and autonomy.

Aristotle – Views on human nature, constitutions, ethics, theory of justice, natural law.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:10
MEDIEVAL THINKERS: CICERO, ST AUGUSTINE AND THOMAS AQUINAS
 

Cicero – The rhetorical foundations of society, Statesmanship, Republican rule,

St. Augustine- Free Will and Just War,

Thomas Aquinas: Commentaries on Aristotle, political order and Just war

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:10
MODERN THINKERS: RENAISSANCE PERIOD AND SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORIES
 

Introduction to Renaissance, Machiavelli’s contributions in The Prince, idea of politics, Realism.

Thomas Hobbes – Contractarianism, Agency and Authorization, The non-resistance Compact between subjects

John Locke – The idea of Social Contract, equality and natural law, property, limited government, toleration and rule of law

Jean Jaqueus Rousseau – The state of nature, natural law and natural rights, the general will, the problem of freedom.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:10
EDMUND BURKE, J.S.MILL AND JEREMY BENTHAM
 

J.S. Mill: Liberty, freedom of speech, women’s rights and economic democracy

Jeremy Bentham: Utilitarianism

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:10
HEGEL, KARL MARX AND REVISIONIST THINKERS
 

G.W. F. Hegel: Hegel’s dialectic, atheism and liberal democracy

Karl Marx – The Hegelian influence, alienation, critique of the Modern State, ideology, forces and relations of production, influence of Marx today.

Unit-6
Teaching Hours:10
CONTEMPORARY INDIAN POLITICAL THOUGHT
 

 Hindu political thought, Aurobindo, Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi and B. R. Ambedkar

 

 

Text Books And Reference Books:

 

Chakrabarty, Bidyut and Rajendra Kumar Pandey. Modern Indian Political Thought: Text and Context. New Delhi: Sage, 2009

 

Miller, David. Political Philosophy: A Short Introduction. London: Oxford University Press, 2003.

 

Roberts, Peri and Peter Sutch. An Introduction to Political Thought. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2012.

 

Russell, Bertrand. History of Western Philosophy.

 

Pantham, Thomas, and Deutsch, Kenneth (eds.) Political Thought in Modern India, Safe Publications, New Delhi, 1986

 

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1.      Arendt, Hannah. The Human Condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958. Print.

2.      Berlin, Isaiah, and Isaiah Four essays on liberty Berlin. Liberty: Incorporating Four Essays on Liberty. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

3.      Machiavelli, Niccolo, and M. Lerner. The Prince and the Discourses. New York: Modern Library, 1950.

4.      Mill, John Stuart. Considerations on Representative Government. Peoples edition. ed. [S.l.]: Longmans, 1894.

5.      Mill, John Stuart, and Colin Heydt. Utilitarianism. New ed. / edited by Colin Heydt. ed. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview; London: Eurospan [distributor], 2011.

6.      Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. Oxford: Blackwell, 1974. Print.

7.      Pantham, Thomas, and Deutsch, Kenneth (eds.) Political Thought in Modern India, Safe Publications, New Delhi, 1986

8.      Rawls, John. Political Liberalism. Expanded ed. New York; Chichester: Columbia University Press, 2005.

9.      Rawls, John..A Theory of Justice. Rev. ed. ed. Cambridge, Mass. ; London: Belknap, 1999.

10.  Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, and G. D. H. Cole. On the Social Contract. Dover Thrift ed. Mineola, N.Y.: Dover ; [Newton Abbot : David & Charles, distributor], 2003.

11.  Smith, Adam. The Wealth of Nations. [London]: Everyman's Library, 1991. Print.

12.  Smith, Adam, and Ryan Patrick Hanley. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. 250th anniversary ed. New York, N.Y.: Penguin Books, 2009.

Weber, Max, and Stephen Kalberg. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Evaluation Pattern

CIA-I: 10%

CIA-II: 25%

CIA-III: 10%

ENd SEM EXAMINATION: 50%

BAL127 - FOUNDATIONAL KANNADA (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:50
Credits:02

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The course is for forty five hours. Students will be exposed to the use of Kannada Language both in oral and written forms. In the introductory sessions Kannada alphabets, words, simple sentence writing and basic grammar will be taught. At the end of the course students will be able to Read, Write and Speak in Kannada Language. elps the students, particularly coming from other states in their day to day conversations.

Learning Outcome

  • Enable students to communicate in the State Language Kannada.  
  • Focusses on Conversational Kannada and writing Kannada
  • Able to read and write in Kannada
  • Exposed to kannada reading, writing an speaking language skills
  • Aware of the culture and heritage of Karnataka

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:6
Alphabets-1
 

1.     Kannada Varnamale- Swargalu, Sandhyakshara, Anuswara & Visarga                    

2.     Vargeeya Vyanjana, Anunasikagalu                                                                      

3.     Avargeeya Vyanjana, Ottakshargalu                                                                    

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Alphabets-2
 

1.     Kagunitha                                                                                                             

2.     Parts of Speech: Noun, Prounaoun, Verb, Conjunction, Interjection,

 Exclamatory,                                                                                                       

3.     Linga, Vachana, Vibhakti Pratyagalu                                                                   

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:12
Alphabets-3
 

1.     Verb Root, Vern- Past and Non Past                                                                    

2.     Sentence making, Translation & Question form, Negation, Opposite words      

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:12
Alphabets-4
 

1.     Comprehension, Letter Writing                                                                            

2.     Lessons:                                                                                                               

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Muddu Kannada: R.L. Anantha Ramiah

2. Kannada Kali Nali: N.S. Lakshminarayanabhatta

3. Maggi Pustaka

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
  1. Muddu Kannada: R.L. Anantha Ramiah
  2. Kannada Kali Nali: N.S. Lakshminarayanabhatta
  3. Maggi Pustaka
Evaluation Pattern

CIA 1 : Written test  to test their writing ability

CIA 2:  Dictation 

CIA 3: Oral test  to test their speaking ability

BAL132 - ENGLISH (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:50
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Course Description:

The course will focus on strengthening the  grammatical skills of students, which in turn will help them in speaking and writing clearly and effectively, using the English Language. Articles from newspapers and magazines on contemporary issues, will be used as samples for language practice, within the class room. Students will also engage in reading sessions, so as to get acquainted with different styles of writing, comprehend complicated pieces, critique issues and think independently. The course will also use language as a medium to sensitize students and generate discussions about various socio-political issues, through regular discussions. 

 

Course objectives:

 

Tofacilitate the students in enhancing their reading, writing, comprehension and oral communication skills.  The course will also help the students in having a sound grasp over the language and to clearly and effectively communicate using the written language. The oral skills of students too get honed, as they get trained in making power point presentations in a professional way.  Reading exercises and discussions will  facilitate in developing their analytical and critical thinking  skills.

 

Learning Outcome

1.  Understand the essentials of effective oral communication and power point presentation skills and do it in a more professional way.

2. Apply analytical and critical thinking skills while reading long passages.

3. Writing answers to questions in a systematic way.

4. Contribute creative thoughts and ideas on issues evolving through readings in class.

5.Construct meaningful paragraphs adhering to the rules of grammar.

6. Apply the rules of punctuation correctly, while writing.

7. Draft letters, write essays and Research papers (at a very basic level), adhering to the rules of academic writing.

8. Apply the rules of grammar, while constructing sentences and paragraphs.

 

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:8
BASIC GRAMMAR
 

Parts of speech, tenses, subject-verb agreement, articles.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:5
SENTENCE STRUCTURE
 

Different types of sentences and their grammatic formats, organizing ideas into grammatically correct sentences, punctuation.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:5
COMPREHENSION
 

Working on Comprehension passages to develop the reading, comprehending and writing skills of students – factual and inferential passages.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:5
VOCABULARY
 

Antonyms, synonyms, appropriate use in sentences and paragraphs.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:5
PARAGRAPH WRITING
 

Rearranging sentences into proper paragraphs, error analysis, expansion of an outline, précis writing, writing short paragraphs on specific topics.

Unit-6
Teaching Hours:6
PRESENTATION SKILLS
 

Characteristics of effective presentations, the voice in presentation, body language, modes of presentation, use of visual aids, their benefits, types of visual aids, how to prepare visual aids, dos and don’ts, coordination between speech and visual aids during presentation, listening skills, role of audience.

Unit-7
Teaching Hours:6
DESCRIPTIVE WRITING
 

Different types of descriptive writing, letters, different types of letters.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1.   

1. English Grammar Composition and Usage- J.C Nesfield.  Macmillan India.

2. Objective  English – Edgar Thorpe, Showick Thorpe. Pearson Education.

3. Grammar Builder- Amin. A, Eravelly.R, Ibrahim.F.J. CUP

4. Advanced English Grammar- Hewings, Martin.CUP

5. Essential English Grammar- Murphy, Raymond. CUP

6. Effective Presentation skills – Steve Mandel

7. Powerful  Presentation skills – Debra Smith

8. Powerful  Presentation Skills – Dennis Becker.

9. Communication Skills – Leena Sen

10. English Vocabulary in Use – McCarthy & O’Dell.

11. Explorations –A course in reading, thinking and communication skills – Oranee Jansz

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. English Grammar Composition and Usage- J.C Nesfield.  Macmillan India.

2. Objective  English – Edgar Thorpe, Showick Thorpe. Pearson Education.

3. Grammar Builder- Amin. A, Eravelly.R, Ibrahim.F.J. CUP

4. Advanced English Grammar- Hewings, Martin.CUP

5. Essential English Grammar- Murphy, Raymond. CUP

6. Effective Presentation skills – Steve Mandel

7. Powerful  Presentation skills – Debra Smith

8. Powerful  Presentation Skills – Dennis Becker.

9. Communication Skills – Leena Sen

10. English Vocabulary in Use – McCarthy & O’Dell.

11. Explorations –A course in reading, thinking and communication skills – Oranee Jansz

Evaluation Pattern

CIA 1- Written Test for 20mks, based on topics covered in Unit1

Accurate application of the rules of grammar – 10mks

(Parts of Speech-2mks, Tenses-3mks, Articles -2, Subject-verb agreement -3mks

Clarity in the concepts of grammar -5mks

Clear and effective written communication -5mks

CIA 2 – Mid Sem Exams for 50mks

Grammar -25mks

Accurate application of the rules of grammar – 15mks

Clarity in the concepts of grammar -5mks

Clear and effective written communication -5mks

Comprehension Passage – 25mks

Reading and accurate comprehension of ideas -10mks

Analytical, critical thinking and originality of thought -5mks

Rules of Grammar -5mks

Clear and effective written communication – 5mks

CIA 3 -20mks

A.   Power Point Presentations:

Depth of research in content -8mks

Effective use of slides and audio-visual aids -4mks

Audience interaction, ability to clarify doubts, efficient handling of the session – 3mks

Timing – 2mks

Clear and effective oral communication – 3mks

B.  Online Courses:

Written/Oral assignment submissions, based on depth of content, regularity of submissions -10mks

Effective use of language, peer evaluation -5mks

Certificates/grades – 5mks

50-60  - 1mk

61-70  -  2mks

71 - 80 – 3mks

81-90  - 4mks

>90     - 5mks

D.  Essay:

Depth of Content, conceptual clarity -10mks

Adherence to rules of academic writing – 5mks

Creative contribution (ideas, thoughts) – 5mks

D.  Research Paper:

Depth of research, content clarity – 10mks

Originality of thought/analysis – 5mks

Citations and References -3 mks

Adherence to format/clear and effective articulation -2mks

E.   Book Review:

Summary – 2mks

Analysis – 4mks

Critical Appreciation – 7mks

Originality – 4mks

 

Citatations/References – 3mks

 

BAL143 - PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This course primarily deals with the basic concepts and theories of Micro Economics and is divided into 7 units. The first unit is titled Introduction to Economics and will introduce the fundamental concepts, terms and terminologies used in microeconomic analysis. Unit 2 (Theory of Demand and Supply) discusses the most important analytical tools of economics-demand, supply and equilibrium, along with different types and degrees of elasticity and their measurements. Unit 3 (Theory of Costs, Production and Revenue) combines the traditional economic theories pertaining to Production, Costs and Revenue. Unit 4 (Consumer and Producer Behavior) deals with the various theories of Consumer and Producer behavior and the analytical tools used by both economic entities in the determination of utility and profit. Unit 5 (Behavior of the Firm) extensively deals with the different kinds of markets and how price and output is determined in different market models. Unit 6 (Public Finance and Taxation) is from the domain of Pubic Economics and is designed to give elementary inputs in the areas of fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation. Finally, Unit 7 (Macro Economic Variables and Policies) introduces the basic macroeconomic concepts and variables and their measurement, and the contemporary debates of Macroeconomics.

The course is specifically designed for students with no formal background or a little acquaintance with Economics-with a major thrust on Micro Economics. A good grasp of Micro Economics is vital for economic decision making, for designing and understanding public policy from a legal perspective, and more generally for appreciating how a modern economy functions. The main objective of the course is to give the students with a clear understanding of the basic concepts, tools of analysis and terminologies used in Economics, which will facilitate their understanding of various legal phenomena and their economic implications. The course will also prepare the students to undertake Institutional Economics and Law & Economics in their 2nd and 4th semester respectively by providing a strong theoretical foundation of Micro Economics. The emphasis is to provide the subject matter in a manner that is easy to understand and the aim is to make the exposition clear and accessible as well as lively and engaging-with a minimal reliance on mathematics.

 

Learning Outcome

At the end of the course, the students will be able to

- Define and describe the fundamental principles and concept of Economics

- Apply the analytical tools of Economics used in legal analysis

- To evaluate the importance of economic analysis in policy making and advisory functions

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:12
INTRODUCTION TO ECONOMICS
 

A.    Economics: the world around you:

What is economics?

Definitions of economics: - scarcity, choices, Rational Self-Interest

The economic approach: positive and normative analysis, microeconomics and macroeconomics

B.     History of Economic thoughts: Mercantilism, Classical economics, Keynesian economics

C.     Choice, Opportunity Costs, and Specialization

Opportunity costs: tradeoffs and decisions at the margin, The Production possibilities Curve

D.    Interdependence and gains from trade: international trade theories like absolute and comparative advantage.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:10
THEORY OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY
 

A.    Markets: definition

B. Demand: Law of demand, demand schedule, demand curve, individual demand, market demand, factors affecting demand.

C.   Supply: Law of supply, supply schedule, supply curve, individual supply, market supply, factors affecting supply

D.    Equilibrium: Putting demand and supply together

E.     Elasticity of demand and Supply

F.      Government policies- Price controls: - Rent controls, Minimum wage, Evaluating Price Controls.

 

 

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:10
COSTS AND REVENUE
 

A.Types of costs: Economic and Accounting costs, Opportunity costs, Fixed and Sunk costs, Total and variable costs, average and marginal costs, Short-run and Long-run cost functions,

B.     Total revenue, marginal revenue, average revenue and breakeven point.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:7
CONSUMER AND PRODUCER BEHAVIOR
 

A.    Law of diminishing marginal utility

B.     Indifference curve analysis: consumers equilibrium

C.     Isoquants: producers’ equilibrium

D.    Law of variable proportions

E.     Returns to scale:

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:10
BEHAVIOUR OF THE FIRM