Department of PHYSICS AND ELECTRONICS

Syllabus for
Master of Science (Physics)
Academic Year  (2021)

 
1 Semester - 2021 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MPH131 CLASSICAL MECHANICS - 4 4 100
MPH132 ANALOG AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS - 4 4 100
MPH133 QUANTUM MECHANICS - I - 4 4 100
MPH134 MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS - I - 4 4 100
MPH151 LABORATORY - I, GENERAL PHYSICS - I - 4 2 100
MPH152 LABORATORY - II, ELECTRONICS - 4 2 100
2 Semester - 2021 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MPH231 STATISTICAL PHYSICS - 4 04 100
MPH232 ELECTRODYNAMICS - 4 4 100
MPH233 QUANTUM MECHANICS - II - 4 4 100
MPH234 MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS - II - 4 4 100
MPH235 RESEARCH TECHNIQUES AND TOOLS - 2 2 50
MPH251 LABORATORY - III, GENERAL PHYSICS - II - 4 2 100
MPH252 LABORATORY - VI, COMPUTATIONAL METHODS USING PYTHON LANGUAGE - 4 2 100
3 Semester - 2020 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MPH331 NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS - 4 4 100
MPH332 SOLID STATE PHYSICS - 4 4 100
MPH333 ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND LASER PHYSICS - 4 4 100
MPH341A ELEMENTS OF MATERIALS SCIENCE - 4 04 100
MPH341B ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTATION - 4 4 100
MPH341C INTRODUCTION TO ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS - 4 4 100
MPH351 LABORATORY 5, GENERAL PHYSICS - III - 4 2 100
MPH352A LABORATORY 6, MATERIAL SCIENCE - I - 4 2 100
MPH352B LABORATORY 6, ELECTRONICS - I - 4 2 100
MPH352C LABORATORY - VI, ASTROPHYSICS - I - 4 2 100
MPH381 TEACHING TECHNOLOGY, ETHICS AND HUMAN VALUES - 2 1 50
4 Semester - 2020 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MPH431 NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY RESOURCES - 4 4 100
MPH432 SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES - 4 4 100
MPH441A MATERIALS FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY - 4 4 100
MPH441B PHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES - 4 4 100
MPH441C STELLAR ASTROPHYSICS - 4 4 100
MPH442A CHARACTERIZATION OF MATERIALS - 4 04 100
MPH442B ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION - 4 4 100
MPH442C GALACTIC ASTRONOMY AND COSMOLOGY - 4 4 100
MPH451A LABORATORY 7, MATERIAL SCIENCE - II - 4 2 100
MPH451B LABORATORY 7, ELECTRONICS - II - 4 2 100
MPH451C LABORATORY 7, ASTROPHYSICS - II - 4 2 100
MPH481 COMPREHENSIVE VIVA-VOCE - 0 1 50
MPH482 PROJECT AND INTERNSHIP / INDUSTRIAL VISIT - 4 2 100
        

Department Overview:

The Department of Physics and Electronics CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru was established in 1969, initiating BSc course with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics (PCM) combination and subsequently Physics, Mathematics and Electronics (PME) combination in the year 1986. The department traces its root as a postgraduate center affiliated to Bangalore University in 1993 with molecular and crystal physics as specialization. Under the autonomous institution system, the department has been offering MSc specialization in electronics and materials science since 2007.  MPhil and PhD programmes were initiated under the “Deemed to be University” status, in 2008. Over the years, the department has become one of the best centers for quality higher education offered at the postgraduate and research levels. Research has been activated in the concerned subject areas both on campus and in collaboration with researchers at other institutions. The faculty members of the department carry out research in many frontier areas, which includes crystallography, superconductivity, nano-materials, nuclear physics and astrophysics. Faculty members and students have been recognized by national/international institutions in terms of aw

Mission Statement:

 Vision: Excellence and Service

Mission: To instill scientific

Introduction to Program:

The postgraduate programme in physics helps to provide in depth knowledge of the subject which is supplemented with tutorials, brainstorming ideas and problem-solving efforts pertaining to each theory and practical course. The two-year MSc programme offers 16 theory papers and 7 laboratory modules, in addition to the foundation courses and guided project spreading over four semesters. Foundation courses and seminars are introduced to help the students to achieve holistic development and to prepare themselves to face the world outside in a dignified manner. Study tour to reputed national laboratories, research institutions and industries, under the supervision of the department is part of the curriculum.

Program Objective:

       To prepare students for their future educational and career challenges through innovative teaching and learning process.

       To continuously upgrade the research activities and to contribute in the frontier areas of science and technology.

  

Assesment Pattern

 

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA I

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

Before MSE

--

10

CIA II

Mid Semester Examination (Centralized)

MSE

2 hours

(50 marks)

25

CIA III

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

After MSE

--

10

 

Attendance: (76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5)

--

5

ESE

Centralized

3 hours              (100 marks)

50

 

Total

100

       A student is eligible to appear for the ESE only if she/he has put in 85% of attendance and satisfactory performance in the continuous internal assessment.

       The question paper shall be set for 100 marks. These marks will then be reduced to 50% of the total marks assigned for the paper.

       There is no provision for taking improvement exams. If a student fails in an ESE paper, he/she can take the exam again the next time it is offered.

       The practical examination shall be conducted with an internal (batch teacher) and an external examiner.

 

Component

Duration

Points

Marks

CIA I

Class work, Pre-lab assignments

---

40

20

CIA II

Mid Semester Examination

4 hours

50

25

CIA III

Record book

---

10

05

ESE

(Two examiners)

4 hours

50

50

 

Total

 

 

100

Assessment scheme for end semester practical examination

Principle, procedure, circuit                         : 10

Experimental setup, wiring                           : 10

Taking readings                                           : 10

Graphs, calculations and results                  : 10

Viva related to the experiment                    : 10

Total marks                                                  : 50

Assessment of project and internship/Industrial visit

Presentations & viva-voce related to the project   : 30

Project report                                                          : 20

Supervisor’s assessment                                        : 30

Internship/industrial visit report                           : 20

Total marks                                                            : 100

Question paper setting (Question Bank)

Total number of Question 12 ( Three questions from each chapter)

Total number of Questions to be answered: 10

Weightage for each question: 10 Marks

Total Marks: 100

Examination And Assesments

Continuous internal assessment (CIA) forms 50% and the end semester examination forms the other 50% of the marks in both theory and practical. For the Holistic and Seminar course, there is no end semester examination and hence the mark is awarded through CIA. CIA marks are awarded based on their performance in assignments (written material to be submitted and valued), mid-semester examination (MSE), and class assignments (Quiz, presentations, problem solving etc.). The mid-semester examination and the end semester examination for each theory paper will be for two- and three-hours duration respectively. The CIA for practical sessions is done on a day to day basis depending on their performance in the pre-lab, the conduct of the experiment, and presentation of lab reports. Only those students who qualify with minimum required attendance and CIA marks will be allowed to appear for the end semester examination.

MPH131 - CLASSICAL MECHANICS (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The course enables students to understand the basic concepts of Newtonian mechanics and introduce other formulations (Lagrange, Hamilton, Poisson) to solve trivial problems.  The course also includes constraints, rotating frames, central force, Kepler problems, canonical transformation and their generating functions, small oscillations and rigid body dynamics.

Learning Outcome

By studying this course, students will be able to understand and conceptualize the forces acting on static and dynamic bodies and their resultant forces. This also helps students understand to solve problems related to damped, undamped and forced vibrations acting on molecules.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Constraints and Lagrangian formulation
 

Mechanics of a particle, mechanics of a system of particles, constraints and their classification, principle of virtual work, D’Alembert’s principle, Generalized co-ordinates, Lagrange’s equations of motion, applications of Lagrangian formulation (simple pendulum, Atwood’s machine, bead sliding in a wire), cyclic co-ordinates, concept of symmetry, homogeneity and isotropy, invariance under Galilean transformations.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Rotating Frames of Reference and Central Force
 

Rotating frames, inertial forces in the rotating frame, effects of Coriolis force, Foucault’s pendulum, Central force: definition and examples, Two-body central force problem, classification of orbits, stability of circular orbits, condition for closure of orbits, Kepler’s laws, Virial theorem, applications.                                                       

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Canonical Transformation, Poisson Bracket and Hamilton's Equations of motion
 

Canonical transformations, generating functions, conditions of canonical transformation, examples, Legendre’s dual transformation, Hamilton’s function, Hamilton’s equation of motion, properties of Hamiltonian and Hamilton’s equations of motion, Poisson Brackets, properties of Poisson bracket, elementary PB’s, Poisson’s theorem, Jacobi-Poisson theorem on PBs, Invariance of PB under canonical transformations, PBs involving angular momentum, principle of Least action, Hamilton’s principle, derivation of Hamilton’s equations of motion from Hamilton’s principle, Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Solution of simple harmonic oscillator by Hamilton-Jacobi method.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Small Oscillations and Rigid Body Dynamics
 

Types of equilibrium and the potential at equilibrium, Lagrange’s equations for small oscillations using generalized coordinates, normal modes, vibrations of carbon dioxide molecule, forced and damped oscillations, resonance, degrees of freedom of a free rigid body, angular momentum, Euler’s equation of motion for rigid body, time variation of rotational kinetic energy, Rotation of a free rigid body, Eulerian angles, Motion of a heavy symmetric top rotating about a fixed point in the body under the action of gravity.

Text Books And Reference Books:

[1].    Srinivasa Rao, K. N. (2002). Classical mechanics: University Press.

[2].    Goldstein, H. (2001). Classical mechanics (3rd ed.): Addison Wesley.

[3].    Rana, N. C., & Joag, P. S. (1994).  Classical mechanics. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill.

 

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

[1].    Greiner, W. (2004). Classical mechanics: System of particles and Hamiltonian dynamics. New York: Springer-Verlag.

[2].    Barger, V., & Olsson, M. (1995). Classical mechanics - A modern perspective (2nd ed.): Tata McGraw Hill.

[3].    Gupta, K. C. (1988). Classical mechanics of particles and rigid bodies: Wiley Eastern Ltd. 

[4].    Takwale, R. G., & Puranik, P. S. (1983).  Introduction to classical mechanics. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill.

Evaluation Pattern

Type

Components

Marks

CIA1

Assignments/class room interaction/seminar/project presentation/periodical test

10

CIA2

MSE (centralized)

25

CIA3

Quiz, MCQ test, seminar presentation, scientific models, science project, MOOC

10

Attendance

 

05

ESE

Centralized

50

Total

 

100

MPH132 - ANALOG AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This module introduces the students to the applications of analog and digital integrated circuits. First part of the module deals with the operational amplifier, linear applications of op-amp., active filters, oscillators, non-linear applications of op-amp, timer and voltage regulators. The second part deals with digital circuits which exposes to the logic gates, encoders and decoders, flip-flops registers and counters.

Learning Outcome

By the end of the course the learner will be able to learn the basics of analog and digital circuit. Students are expected to be aware of various applications of linear circuits with op-amp and various digital devices like flip-flop, registers and counters.  They also get glimpses of designing of various operational amplifier circuits.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Linear applications of op-amp
 

The ideal op-amp - characteristics of an op-amp., the ideal op-amp., Equivalent circuit of an op-amp., Voltage series feedback amplifier - voltage gain, input resistance and output resistance, Voltage follower. Voltage shunt feedback amplifier - virtual ground, voltage gain, input resistance   and output resistance, Current to voltage converter. Differential amplifier with one op-amp. voltage gain, input resistance.

Linear applications: AC amplifier, AC amplifier with single supply voltage, Summing amplifier, Inverting and non-inverting amplifier, Differential summing amplifier, Instrumentation amplifier using transducer bridge, The integrator, The differentiator.                                                                                                               

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Non-linear applications of op-amp.
 

Active filters and oscillators: First order low pass filter, Second order low pass filter, First order high pass filter, Second order high pass filter, Phase shift Oscillator, Wien-bridge oscillator, Square wave generator.

Non-linear circuits: Comparator, Schmitt trigger, Digital to analog converter with weighted resistors and R-2R resistors, Positive and negative clippers, Small signal half wave rectifier, Positive and negative clampers.                                                         

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Combinational digital circuits
 

Logic gates - basic gates - OR, AND, NOT, NOR gates, NAND gates, Boolean laws and theorems (Review only). Karnaugh map, Simplification of SOP equations, Simplification of POS equations, Exclusive OR gates.

Combinational circuits: Multiplexer, De-multiplexer, 1-16 decoder, BCD to decimal decoder, Seven segment decoder, Encoder, Half adder, Full adder                  

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Sequential digital circuits
 

Flip flops: RS flip-flop, Clocked RS flip-flop, Edge triggered RS flip-flop, D flip-flop, JK flip-flop, JK master-slave flip-flop.

Registers: Serial input serial output shift register, Serial input parallel output shift register, Parallel input serial output shift register, Parallel input parallel output shift register, Ring counter.

Counters: Ripple counter, Decoding gates, Synchronous counter, Decade counter, Shift counter - Johnson counter. 

Text Books And Reference Books:

[1].      Gayakwad, R. A. (2002). Op-amps. and linear integrated circuits. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India.

[2].      Leach, D. P., & Malvino, A. P. (2002). Digital principles and applications. New York: Tata McGraw Hill.  

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

[1].      Anand Kumar, A. (2018). Fundamental of digital circuits. New Delhi, Prentice-Hall of India.

[2].      Morris Mano, M. (2018). Digital logic and computer design: Pearson India.

[3].      Jain, R. P. (1997). Modern digital electronics. New York: Tata McGraw Hill.

Evaluation Pattern

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA I

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

Before MSE

--

10

CIA II

Mid Semester Examination (Centralized)

MSE

2 hours

(50 marks)

25

CIA III

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations

After MSE

--

10

 

Attendance: (76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5)

--

5

ESE

Centralized

3 hours              (100 marks)

50

 

Total

100

MPH133 - QUANTUM MECHANICS - I (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This course being an essential component in understanding the behaviour of fundamental constituents of matter is divided into two modules spreading over first and second semesters. The first module is intended to familiarize the students with the basics of quantum mechanics, exactly solvable eigenvalue problems, time-independent perturbation theory and time-dependent perturbation theory.

Learning Outcome

By finishing this course each student will get an understanding of the basics of quantum mechanics, bound and unbound states of a system, solvable eigenvalue problems such as particle in a box, potential step, potential barrier, rigid rotator, hydrogen atom etc. Students will also understand the first and second order perturbation theories, adiabatic and sudden approximation methods and scattering theory.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Basics of Quantum mechanics
 

Review - origin of quantum mechanics (particle aspects, wave aspects and wave-particle duality), uncertainty principle, Schrodinger equation, time evolution of a wave packet, probability density, probability current density, continuity equation, orthogonality and normalization of the wave function, box normalization, admissibility conditions on the wave function, Operators, Hermitian operators, Poisson brackets and commutators, Eigen values, Eigen functions, postulates of quantum mechanics, expectation values, Ehrenfest theorems.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:20
Exactly solvable eigenvalue problems
 

Bound and unbound systems. Application of time independent Schrodinger wave equation - Potential step, rectangular potential barriers - reflection and transmission coefficient, barrier penetration; particle in a one-dimensional box and in a cubical box, density of states; one dimensional linear harmonic oscillator - evaluation of expectation values of x2 and px2; Orbital angular momentum operators - expressions in cartesian and polar coordinates, eigenvalue and eigenfunctions, spherical harmonics, Rigid rotator, Hydrogen atom - solution of the radial equation.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Approximation methods
 

Time independent perturbation theory- First and second order perturbation theory applied to non-degenerate case; first order perturbation theory for degenerate case, application to normal Zeeman effect and Stark effect in hydrogen atom.

Time-dependent perturbation theory - First order perturbation, Harmonic perturbation, Fermi’s golden rule, Adiabatic approximation method, Sudden approximation method. 

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:10
Scattering Theory
 

Scattering cross-section, Differential and total cross-section, Born approximation for the scattering amplitude, scattering by spherically symmetric potentials, screened coulomb potential, Partial wave analysis for scattering amplitude, expansion of a plane wave into partial waves, phase shift, cross-section expansion, s-wave scattering by a square well, optical theorem.                                                      

Text Books And Reference Books:

[1].    Zettli, N. (2017). Quantum mechanics. New Delhi: Wiley India Pvt Ltd.

[2].    Aruldhas, G. (2010). Quantum mechanics. New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India.

[3].    Ghatak, A. K. & Lokanathan, S. (1997). Quantum mechanics: McMillan India Ltd.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

[1].    Schiff, L. I. (2017). Quantum mechanics (4th ed.).New York: McGraw Hill Education Pvt Ltd.

[2].    Miller, D. A. B. (2008). Quantum mechanics for scientists and engineers:Cambridge University Press.

[3].    Shankar, R. (2008). Principles of quantum mechanics (2nd ed.). New York: Springer.

[4].    Tamvakis, K. (2005). Problems and solutions in quantum mechanics: Cambridge University Press.

[5].    Sakurai, J. J. (2002). Modern quantum mechanics: Pearson Education Asia.

[6].    Crasemann, B., & Powell, J. H. (1998). Quantum mechanics: Narosa Publishing House.

[7].    Mathews, P. M., & Venkatesan, A. (1995). Quantum mechanics. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill.

[8].    Griffiths, D. J. (1995). Introduction to quantum mechanics: Prentice Hall Inc.

[9].    Gasiorowicz, S. (1974). Quantum physics: John Wiley & Sons.

[10].Landau, L. D., & Lifshitz, E. M. (1965). Quantum mechanics: Pergamon Press.

Evaluation Pattern

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test (Centralized)

MST

2 hours(50 marks)

25

CIA 2

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations 

Before MST

--

10

CIA 3

Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations 

After MST

--

10

CIA 4

Attendance 

(76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5) 

--

5

ESE

Centralized 

3 hours(100 marks)

50

 

Total

100

MPH134 - MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS - I (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

A sound mathematical background is essential to understand and appreciate the principles of physics. This module is intended to make the students familiar with the applications of tensors and matrices, special functions, partial differential equations and integral transformations, Green’s functions and integral equations. 

Learning Outcome

The students will be able to

      develop problem solving skills in mathematics and develop critical questioning and creative thinking capability to formulate ideas mathematically.

      apply the knowledge of special functions, partial differential equations, Green’s functions and integral equations in learning the dynamics of physical systems using quantum mechanics

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Vector analysis and Tensors
 

Vectors and matrices: Review (vector algebra and vector calculus, gradient, divergence & curl), transformation of vectors, rotation of the coordinate axes, invariance of the scalar and vector products under rotations, Vector integration, Line, surface and volume integrals - Stoke’s, Gauss’s and Green’s theorems (Problems), Vector analysis in curved coordinate, special coordinate system - circular, cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates, linear algebra matrices, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

Tensors: Definition of tensors, Kronecker delta, contravariant and covariant tensors, direct product, contraction, inner product, quotient rule, symmetric and antisymmetric tensors, metric tensor, Levi Cevita symbol, simple applications of tensors in non-relativistic physics.

 

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Special Functions
 

Beta and Gamma functions, different forms of beta and gamma functions. Dirac delta function. Kronecker delta, Power series method for ordinary differential equations, Series solution for Legendre equation, Legendre polynomials and their properties, Series solution for Bessel equation, Bessel and Neumann functions and their properties, Series solution for Laguerre equation, it's solutions and properties (generating function, recurrence relations and orthogonality properties for all functions).

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Partial Differential Equations and Integral Transforms
 

Method of separation of variables, the wave equation, Laplace equation in cartesian, cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates, heat conduction equations and their solutions in one, two and three dimensions.  

Review of Fourier series, Fourier integrals, Fourier transform, Properties of Fourier sine and cosine transforms, applications. Laplace transformations, properties, convolution theorem, inverse Laplace transform, Evaluation of Laplace transforms and applications.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Green's functions and Integral equations
 

Dirac delta function, properties of Dirac delta function, three dimensional delta functions, boundary value problems, Sturm-Liouville differential operator, Green’s function of one dimensional problems, discontinuity in the derivative of Green’s functions, properties of Green’s functions, Construction of Green’s functions in special cases and solutions of inhomogeneous differential equations, Green’s function- symmetry of Green’s function, eigenfunction expansion of Green’s functions, Green’s function for Poisson equation.

Linear integral equations of first and second kind, Relationship between integral and differential equations, Solution of Fredholm and Volterra equations by Neumann series method.

Text Books And Reference Books:

Essential Reading:

[1]. S. Prakash: Mathematical Physics, S. Chand and Sons, 2004.

[2]. H. K. Dass: Mathematical Physics, S. Chand and Sons, 2008.

[3].G. B. Arfken, H. J. Weber and F. E. Harris: Mathematical methods for physicists, 7th Edn., Academic press, 2013.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Recommended Reading:

[1]. Murray R. Spiegel, Theory and problems of vector analysis, (Schaum’s outline series)

[2]. M. L. Boas: Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences, 2nd Edn, Wiley 1983.

[3]. K.F. Riley, M.P Hobson, S. J. Bence, Mathematical methods for Physics and Engineering,  Cambridge University Press (Chapter 24)

[4]. P. K. Chattopadhyaya: Mathematical Physics, Wiley Eastern, 1990.

[5]. E. Kryszig: Advanced Engineering Mathematics, John Wiley, 2005.

[6]. Sadri Hassani: Mathematical Methods for students of Physics and related fields, Springer 2000.

[7]. J. Mathews and R. Walker: Mathematical Physics, Benjamin, Pearson Education, 2006.

[8]. A W. Joshi: Tensor analysis, New Age, 1995.

[9]. L. A. Piper: Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Physicists, McGraw-Hill 1958.

Evaluation Pattern

Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) forms 50% and the End Semester Examination forms the other 50% of the marks with total of 100%. CIA marks are awarded based on their performance in assignments, Mid-Semester Test (MST), and Class assignments (Quiz, presentations, problem solving, MCQ test etc.). The mid-semester examination and the end semester examination for each theory paper will be for two- and three-hours duration respectively.

CIA 1: Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations before MST - 10 marks.

CIA 2: Mid-Sem Test (Centralized), 2 hours - 50 marks to be converted to 25 marks.

CIA 3: Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations after MST - 10 marks.

CIA 4: Attendance (76-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3, 90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5) - maximum of 5 marks.

No.

Components

Marks

CIA 1

Written test on descriptive answers/Presentation

10

CIA2

Centralized Mid Sem Examination

25

CIA 3

Quiz, MCQ test, presentation, minor project, MOOC

10

Attendance

Regularity and Punctuality

05

ESE

Centralized End Sem Examination

50

Total

100

MPH151 - LABORATORY - I, GENERAL PHYSICS - I (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Experiments are selected to improve the understanding of students about mechanical, magnetic, optical and basic electronic properties of materials.

Learning Outcome

After completion of this course, the students will gain practical knowledge about the mechanical, magnetic properties (B-H loop and Curie temperature), optical properties (interference) and electronics properties (band gap and I-V characteristics) of materials.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:30
Cycle-1
 

1.      Elastic constants of glass plate by Cornu's interference method. (Online/Offline)

2.      Study of thermo-emf and verification of thermoelectric laws (Onlilne/Offline)

3.      Wavelength of iron arc spectral lines using constant deviation spectrometer. (Offline)

4.      Energy gap of the semi-conducting material used in a PN junction. (Offline)

5.      Characteristics of a solar cell. (Online/Offline) 

6.      Stefan’s constant of radiation. (Offline)

7.    Study of hydrogen spectra and determination of Rydberg constant (Offline)

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:30
Cycle-2
 

1.      Relaxation time constant of a serial bulb. (Offline)

2.      e/m by Millikan’s oil drop method. (Online)

3.      Study of elliptically polarized light by using photovoltaic cell. (Offline)                                     

4.      Study of absorption of light in different liquid media using photovoltaic cell. (Offline/Online)

5.      Determination of Curie temperature of a given ferro magnetic material. (Offline)

6.      Determination of energy loss during magnetization and demagnetization by means of BH loop. (Online/Offline)

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Worsnop, B. L.,& Flint, H. T. (1984). Advanced practical physics for students. New Delhi: Asia Publishing house.

2. Sears, F. W., Zemansky, M. W.,& Young, H. D. (1998). University physics(6thed.): Narosa Publishing House.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

3. Chadda, S.,& Mallikarjun Rao, S. P. (1979). Determination of ultrasonic velocity in liquids using optical diffraction by short acoustic pulses: Am. J. Phys. Vol. 47, Page. 464.

4. Collings, P. J. (1980). Simple measurement of the band gap in silicon and germanium, Am. J. Phys., Vol. 48, Page. 197.

5. Fischer, C. W. (1982). Elementary technique to measure the energy band gap and diffusion potential of pn junctions: Am. J. Phys., Vol. 50, Page. 1103.

Evaluation Pattern

No.

Component

Duration

Points

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test [MST]

4 hours

50

25

CIA 2

Class work, Pre-lab Assignments

---

40

20

CIA 3

Record book

---

10

05

ESE

(Two examiners)

4 Hours

50

50

 

Total

 

 

100

MPH152 - LABORATORY - II, ELECTRONICS (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Electronics being an integral part of Physics, Laboratory 2, Electronics is dedicated to experiments related to Electronic components and circuits. The experiments are selected to make the students familiar with the commonly used electronic components and their application in electronic circuits. During the course, the students will get to know the use of various electronic measuring instruments for the measurement of various parameters.

Learning Outcome

The students will get a practical knowledge about basic electronic circuits used in various devices and domestic appliances.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:30
Cycle-1
 

1. Transistor multivibrator.
2. Half wave and full wave rectifier using op-amp.
3. Op-amp. voltage regulator.
4. Op-amp. inverting and non-inverting amplifier.
5. Timer 555, square wave generator and timer.
a) RS flip-flop using NAND gates, b) Decade counter using JK flip-flops.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:30
Cycle-2
 

6. Half adder and full adder using NAND gates.
7. Construction of adder, subtractor, differentiator and integrator circuits using the given Op-amp.
8. Construction of a D/A converter circuit and study its performance-R-2R and Weighted resistor network.
9. JK Flip-Flop and up-down counter
10. Differential Amplifier with Op-Amp

Text Books And Reference Books:
  1. R. A. Gayakwad: Op-amps. and Linear Integrated Circuits, PHI, 2002.
  2. R. P. Jain: Modern Digital Electronics, TMH, 1997.
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
  1. C. S. Rangan, G. R. Sharma and V .S. V. Mani: Instrumentation devices and systems, II Edn, TMH, New Delhi, 1997.
  2. B. C. Nakra and K. K. Chaudhary: Instrumentation measurement analysis, TMH, New Delhi, 2004.
Evaluation Pattern

No.

Component

Duration

Points

Marks

CIA 1

Mid-Sem Test [MST]

4 hours

50

25

CIA 2

Class work, Prelab Assignments

---

40

20

CIA 3

Record book

---

10

05

ESE

(Two examiners)

4 Hours

50

50

 

Total

 

 

100

MPH231 - STATISTICAL PHYSICS (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:04

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The objective of the course, MPH 231- statistical physics is to enable the students to explore the basic concepts and description of various topics such as phase space, ensembles, partition functions, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac gases, non-equilibrium states, and fluctuations.

Learning Outcome

Detailed theoretical understanding of the topics such as phase space, ensembles, partition functions, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac gases, non-equilibrium states, and fluctuations, develop problem-solving skills and ability to correlate scientific applications.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Basic concepts
 

 Introduction, phase space, ensembles (microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles), ensemble average, Liouville theorem, conservation of extension in phase space, condition for statistical equilibrium, microcanonical ensemble, ideal gas. Quantum picture: Microcanonical ensemble, quantization of phase space, basic postulates, classical limit, symmetry of wave functions, effect of symmetry on counting, distribution laws.      

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Ensembles and Partition Functions
 

Gibb’s paradox and its resolution, Canonical ensemble, entropy of a system in contact with a heat reservoir, ideal gas in canonical ensemble, Maxwell velocity distribution, equipartition theorem of energy, Grand canonical ensemble, ideal gas in grand canonical ensemble, comparison of various ensembles. Canonical partition function, molecular partition function, translational partition function, rotational partition function, application of rotational partition function, application of vibrational partition function to solids

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Ideal Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac gases
 

Bose-Einstein distribution, Applications, Bose-Einstein condensation, thermodynamic properties of an ideal Bose-Einstein gas, liquid helium, two fluid model of liquid helium-II, Fermi-Dirac (FD) distribution, degeneracy, electrons in metals, thermionic emission, magnetic susceptibility of free electrons. Application to white dwarfs , High temperature limits of BE and FD statistics

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Non Equilibrium States and Fluctuations