Department of LIFE SCIENCES

Syllabus for
Master of Science (Forensic Science)
Academic Year  (2021)

 
1 Semester - 2021 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MFS131 FORENSIC SCIENCE, PHOTOGRAPHY, CRIME SCENE MANAGEMENT - 4 4 100
MFS132 CRIMINOLOGY, CRIMINAL LAW AND POLICE ADMINISTRATION - 4 4 100
MFS133 ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTS AND TECHNIQUES - 4 4 100
MFS134 FUNDAMENTALS OF QUESTIONED DOCUMENT EXAMINATION - 4 4 100
MFS135 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY IN FORENSIC SCIENCES - 2 2 50
MFS151 PRACTICAL I: PATTERN EVIDENCE AT SCENE OF CRIME, FORENSIC PHOTOGRAPHY AND FORENSIC DOCUMENT EXAMINATION - 8 4 100
MFS152 PRACTICAL II: ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTS AND TECHNIQUES - 8 4 100
2 Semester - 2021 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
MFS231 FORENSIC BIOLOGY AND FORENSIC MEDICINE - 4 4 100
MFS232 FORENSIC CHEMISTRY AND TOXICOLOGY - 4 4 100
MFS233 FORENSIC BALLISTICS AND FORENSIC PHYSICS - 4 4 100
MFS234 INFORMATION SECURITY AND CYBER CRIME - 4 4 100
MFS235 ESSENTIALS OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS IN FORENSIC SCIENCE - 3 3 100
MFS251 PRACTICAL III: FORENSIC BIOLOGY, FORENSIC CHEMISTRY, AND TOXICOLOGY - 8 4 100
MFS252 PRACTICAL IV: FORENSIC BALLISTICS, FORENSIC PHYSICS AND INFORMATION SECURITY - 8 4 100
        

Department Overview:

The Department of Life Sciences aims at developing talented individuals for the prosperity of society. The curriculum is designed in such a way that the students are able to apply the knowledge into practice. The aim of the department is to provide an on-hand training of practical knowledge to meet the demands of the industry and to prepare students for higher studies and research. The interactive method of teaching is to bring about attitudinal changes to future professionals of the industry. Equal importance is also given to practical and theoretical methods of learning apart from experiential and digital modes of learning. Projects form an integral part of the curriculum. Apart from the regular syllabus, the department offers Certificate Courses in gardening and herbal medicine, industry visit, field trips, and visits to places of important biodiversity reserves.

Mission Statement:

The department seeks to offer its students holistic development and academic excellence to contribute effectively to the research and development of the subject.

Introduction to Program:

Forensic Science is the application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to a legal system. Forensic science uses all the principles of various branches of science and applies them in experiments to draw an exact conclusion. In M Sc.Forensic Sciences, one needs to study the various principles and theories that are applicable in Forensic science. The duration of Master of Science in Forensic Sciences is two academic years. The syllabus for the course is divided into four semesters and it is career orienting in nature.

Program Objective:

Programme objectives

         Make students familiar with the field of forensic science which includes investigating a crime by applying forensic science principles.

  

Assesment Pattern

Evaluation will be done on the basis of CIA1 (10%), CIA2 [Mid Semester Examination] (25%), CIA3 (10%), Attendance (5%) and End Semester Examination (50%).

CIA1: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

CIA2: MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION for 50 marks

CIA3: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

Attendance in class: 10 marks

END SEMESTER EXAMINATION: Consist of 2 sections. Section A consists of 10 questions carrying 5 marks each out of which students need to attempt 8 questions (8 X 5marks = 40 marks). Section B consists of 7 questions, carrying 12 marks each, out of which students need to attempt 5 questions (5 X 12 marks = 60 marks).

Examination And Assesments

The evaluation scheme for each course shall contain two parts; (a) internal evaluation and (b) external evaluation. 50% weightage shall be given to the internal evaluation and the remaining 50% to external evaluation and the ratio and weightage between internal and external is 1:1.  (a) Internal evaluation: The internal evaluation shall be based on a predetermined transparent system involving periodic written tests, assignments, seminars, and attendance in respect of theory courses and based on written tests, lab skill/records/viva, and attendance in respect of practical courses.

MFS131 - FORENSIC SCIENCE, PHOTOGRAPHY, CRIME SCENE MANAGEMENT (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The objective of this course is to introduce the concept of forensic science, its development and progress over time. It will also familiarize students with the organizational setting and working set up of forensic laboratories. It aims to introduce different techniques used in forensic investigations with the principles involved. The course would apprise students with the basics of forensic photography techniques with management of crime scene in different situations.

Learning Outcome

 Course will  familiarize students to work with the organizational setting to work in forensic laboratories. The course would apprise students with the basics of forensic photography techniques to able to manage crime scene in different situations.

 

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Forensic Science Unit
 

Introduction, Need, Scope, Concepts and Significance of Forensic Science, History and Development of Forensic Science, Laws and Basic principles of Forensic Science, Branches of forensic science, Organizational set-up of a Forensic Science Laboratory. Investigative strategies. Expert testimony and eye-witness report.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Tools and techniques in Forensic Science
 

Basic principles of microscopy, spectroscopy, chromatography. Electrophoresis, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), Radio Immuno Assay (RIA). Measuring and optical instruments.Research methodologies.Formation of research design on a specific problem.Central tendency and Dispersion. Test of significance. Analysis of variance. Correlation and Regression.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Forensic Photography
 

Basic principles of Photography, Techniques of black & white and color photography, cameras, lenses, shutters, depth of field, film; exposing, development and printing techniques; Different kinds of developers and fixers; UV, IR, fluorescence illumination guided photography; Modern development in photography- digital photography, working and basic principles of digital photography; Surveillance photography. Videography and Crime Scene & laboratory photography.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Crime Scene Management
 

Crime scene investigations, protecting and isolating the crime scene; Documentation, sketching, field notes and photography.Searching, handling and collection, preservation and transportation of physical evidences.Chain of custody and Reconstruction of scene of crime. Report writing.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Houck, M.M & Siegel, J.A; Fundamentals of Forensic Science, Acadamic Press, London, 2006.

2. Sharma, B.R; Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation & Trials, Universal Publishing Co., New Delhi, 2003

3. Nanda B.B and Tewari, R.K; Forensic Science in India- A vision for the Twenty First Century, Select Publisher, New Delhi, 2001.

4. James, S.H and Nordby, J.J; Forensic Science- An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques, CRC Press, USA, 2003.

5. Saferstein; Criminalistics- An Introduction of Forensic Science, Prentice Hall Inc, USA,2007.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. Houck, M.M & Siegel, J.A; Fundamentals of Forensic Science, Acadamic Press, London, 2006.

2. Sharma, B.R; Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation & Trials, Universal Publishing Co., New Delhi, 2003

3. Nanda B.B and Tewari, R.K; Forensic Science in India- A vision for the Twenty First Century, Select Publisher, New Delhi, 2001.

4. James, S.H and Nordby, J.J; Forensic Science- An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques, CRC Press, USA, 2003.

5. Saferstein; Criminalistics- An Introduction of Forensic Science, Prentice Hall Inc, USA,2007.

Evaluation Pattern

Evaluation will be done on the basis of CIA1 (10%), CIA2 [Mid Semester Examination] (25%), CIA3 (10%), Attendance (5%) and End Semester Examination (50%).

CIA1: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

CIA2: MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION for 50 marks

CIA3: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

Attendance in class: 10 marks

END SEMSTER EXAMINATION: Consist of 2 sections. Section A consist of 10 questions carrying 5 marks each out of which students need to attempt 8 questions (8 X 5marks = 40 marks). Section B consists of 7 questions, carrying 12 marks each, out of which students need to attempt 5 questions (5 X 12 marks = 60 marks).

MFS132 - CRIMINOLOGY, CRIMINAL LAW AND POLICE ADMINISTRATION (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The objective of this course is to introduce the concept and scope of crime. It will familiarize students with types of crime and its effects as well its prevention. The course would highlight about criminal behavior and related theories. The course aims to discuss the concept of Juvenile delinquency and Victimology. It will disseminate information to students with specific criminal Law, Indian Penal Code: sections, Criminal Procedure Code and police Administration.

Learning Outcome

Students will be able

- To understand concept of crime and recent development in its control and prevention.

- To study the aim and scope of criminology.

-  To elucidate Criminal profiling and modus operandi, portrait parley, voice stress analysis

- To describe History and development of police administration; Police duties, 

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Crime
 

Definition, concept and scope of crime.Types of crime.Causes, effects, control and prevention of crime.Recent developments.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Criminology and criminal anthropology
 

Aim and scope of criminology; Criminal behavior and theories of criminal behavior: classic, positivist, sociological. Organized crimes, white collar crime.Juvenile delinquency.Role of correctional institutions.Criminal profiling and modus operandi, portrait parley, voice stressanalysis.Victimology.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Criminal Law
 

Indian Penal Code: sections-23, 24, 25,39,44,52,76-79,84-86.

Criminal Procedure Code: sections-2, 6-35, 41-60, 61-90,154-176, 293, 294. Charges: bailable/non-bailable offences, cognizable/ non-cognizable, summon case and warrant cases.

Indian Evidence Act: sections- 3, 24-30, 45, 135-138, 141. Expert testimony.

NDPS Act, Food and Adulteration Act, Drugs and Cosmetic Act, Arms Act, Explosives Act.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Police Administration
 

History and development of police administration; Police duties, responsibilities and powers.Organization and structure of police station; maintenance of crime records and accountability of police to law.People and society.Custodial deaths, Police and Human Rights.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Swansan, C.R, Terrbles, L &Taylor,R.W; Police Administration, Prentice Hall, USA,1998.

2. Gross.H; Criminal Investigation- A Practical Textbook for Magistrates, Police Officers, and Lawyers; Universal Law Publishing Co., New Delhi, 2000.

3. Lyman, M.D; Criminal Investigation – The Art &the Science, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2002.

4. O’Hara CE &Osterburg, JW; An Introduction to Criminalistics., Indiana University. Press, London, 1972.

5. Swansson,C.R, Chamelin, N.C, &Territ, L; Criminal Investigator, McGrawhill, New York, 2000.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. Swansan, C.R, Terrbles, L &Taylor,R.W; Police Administration, Prentice Hall, USA,1998.

2. Gross.H; Criminal Investigation- A Practical Textbook for Magistrates, Police Officers, and Lawyers; Universal Law Publishing Co., New Delhi, 2000.

3. Lyman, M.D; Criminal Investigation – The Art &the Science, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2002.

4. O’Hara CE &Osterburg, JW; An Introduction to Criminalistics., Indiana University. Press, London, 1972.

5. Swansson,C.R, Chamelin, N.C, &Territ, L; Criminal Investigator, McGrawhill, New York, 2000.

Evaluation Pattern

Evaluation will be done on the basis of CIA1 (10%), CIA2 [Mid Semester Examination] (25%), CIA3 (10%), Attendance (5%) and End Semester Examination (50%).

CIA1: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

CIA2: MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION for 50 marks

CIA3: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

Attendance in class: 10 marks

END SEMSTER EXAMINATION: Consist of 2 sections. Section A consist of 10 questions carrying 5 marks each out of which students need to attempt 8 questions (8 X 5marks = 40 marks). Section B consists of 7 questions, carrying 12 marks each, out of which students need to attempt 5 questions (5 X 12 marks = 60 marks).

MFS133 - ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTS AND TECHNIQUES (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The objective of this course is to introduce specialized techniques and their application in forensic science. The students will be able to understand the atomic & molecular spectroscopy, physical instrumentation techniques, radiochemical and nuclear techniques, biological and biochemical techniques with their general principles involved as well as their applied aspects.

Learning Outcome

Students will be able

To know about the concept of Spectroscopy, electromagnetic spectrum, sources of radiation, their utility and limitations.

To describe the different Physical instrumentation techniques.

To understand basic principles and theory of radiochemical techniques.

To highlight general principles of biological and biochemical techniques.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:12
Microscopy Techniques
 

Microscope, Compound Microscope, Polarized Light Microscopy, Fluorescence Microscopy, Comparison Microscope, Stereo-zoom Microscope. Transmission Electron Microscope, Video-zoom Microscope. Scanning Electron Microscope – Energy Dispersive X-Ray. Atomic Force Microscope.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:12
Atomic & Molecular Spectroscopy
 

Spectroscopy, electromagnetic spectrum, sources of radiation, their utility and limitations. Conventional sources for UV, visible and infrared rays, sources for shorter wavelengthradiations (X-ray tubes), radioactivity, Laser (He, Ne Argon, ion, dye lasers, semi conductorlasers) a source of radiation, interaction of radiation with matter:- reflection, absorption, transmission, fluorescence, phosphorescence and their forensic applications, radiation filters. Detection of radiations; photographic detectors, thermal detectors, photoelectric detectors etc.Atomic spectra, energy levels, quantum numbers and designation of states, selection rules, qualitative discussions of atomic spectra. Elements of X-ray spectrometry, fluorescence, energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), wavelength dispersive X-ray analysis (WDX), X-ray diffraction, augur effect. Application of these techniques in forensic science.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:12
Physical instrumentation techniques
 

IR spectroscopy- correlation of infrared spectra with molecular structure, fourier transform, infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy, fluorescence and phosphorescence spectrophotometry, Ultra violet and visible spectrophotometry: Types of sources, filters-cells and sampling devices, detectors, resolution, qualitative and quantitative methods for detection.

Fluorescence and phosphorescence spectrometry: Types of sources, structural factors, instrumentation, comparison of luminescence and UV-visible absorption methods. Atomic absorption spectrometry: Instrumentation and techniques, interference in AAS, background correction methods, quantitative analysis. Atomic emission spectrometry: Instrumentation and techniques, arc/spark emission, ICP-AES, comparison ICP vs AAS methods, quantitative analysis, applications. Techniques -RBS (Rutherford Back Scattering spectrometry)Application of these techniques in forensic science.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:12
Radiochemical and Nuclear techniques
 

Radiochemical techniques: Basic principles and theory, introduction about nuclear reactions and radiations, neutron sources, neutron activation analysis (NAA) ,Thermal analysis methods: Basic principles and theory, differential scanning colorimetry and differential analysis, thermogravimetry. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy: Basic principles, theory and instrum, Mass Spectrometry, GCMS, LCMS, Secondary Mass Spectrometry, Laser Mass spectrometry, Fast Atom bombardment and liquid secondary Ion Mass spectrometry, High performance liquid chromatrography, Electrospray Ionization mass spectrometry. Application of these techniques in forensic science.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:12
Biochemical techniques
 

Biological and biochemical techniques: General principles of Biological/ Bio-chemical Analysis, pH and buffers, Physiological solution, cell and tissue culture, Cell fractionation, Biological variations etc. Centrifugation Techniques, Immuno-chemical Technique, General principles, Production of antibodies, Precipitin reaction, Gel immune-diffusion, Immunoelectrophoresis, complement fixation, Radio Immuno Assay (RIA), Enzyme-linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA), Fluorescence immune assay. Chromatographic Techniques, Electrophoretic Technique: General principles, Factors affecting electrophoresis, Low voltage thin sheet electrophoresis, High voltage electrophoresis, Sodium dodecylsulphate (SDS) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, Isoelectric focusing (IEF), Isoelectrophoresis, Preparative electrophoresis, Horizontal and Vertical Electrophoresis.Application of these techniques in forensic science.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Robinson, J.W; Atomic Spectroscopy, 2nd Ed. Revised & Expanded, Marcel Dekkar, Inc,New York, 1996.

2. Workman, J; Art Springsteen; Applied Spectroscopy- A compact reference for Practitioners, Academic Press, London, 1997.

3. Subrahmanyam, N. &Lal B; A text Book of Optics, S. Chand & Company, New Delhi, 2004.

4. Willard, H.H. Lynne L. Merrett, J. Dean, A. Frank, A. Settle. J; Instrumental Methods of Analysis, 7th Edn.CBS pub.& Distributors, New Delhi, 1986.

5. Khandpur, R.S; Handbook of Analytical Instruments, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co.New Delhi, 2004.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. Robinson, J.W; Atomic Spectroscopy, 2nd Ed. Revised & Expanded, Marcel Dekkar, Inc,New York, 1996.

2. Workman, J; Art Springsteen; Applied Spectroscopy- A compact reference for Practitioners, Academic Press, London, 1997.

3. Subrahmanyam, N. &Lal B; A text Book of Optics, S. Chand & Company, New Delhi, 2004.

4. Willard, H.H. Lynne L. Merrett, J. Dean, A. Frank, A. Settle. J; Instrumental Methods of Analysis, 7th Edn.CBS pub.& Distributors, New Delhi, 1986.

5. Khandpur, R.S; Handbook of Analytical Instruments, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co.New Delhi, 2004.

Evaluation Pattern

Evaluation will be done on the basis of CIA1 (10%), CIA2 [Mid Semester Examination] (25%), CIA3 (10%), Attendance (5%) and End Semester Examination (50%).

CIA1: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

CIA2: MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION for 50 marks

CIA3: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

Attendance in class: 10 marks

END SEMSTER EXAMINATION: Consist of 2 sections. Section A consist of 10 questions carrying 5 marks each out of which students need to attempt 8 questions (8 X 5marks = 40 marks). Section B consists of 7 questions, carrying 12 marks each, out of which students need to attempt 5 questions (5 X 12 marks = 60 marks).

MFS134 - FUNDAMENTALS OF QUESTIONED DOCUMENT EXAMINATION (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The objective of this course is to disseminate the knowledge about various types of forensic documents including genuine, forged and holographic documents. It also aims to discuss the principles of handwriting, its identification, tools needed for forensic document examination & their use in forensic science. The course wild explain the typewritten, printed documents and forgery detection techniques to students

Learning Outcome

-The paper tends to introduce students to document examination. Also describes classification, variation, nature and problems of document examination.

-Students will be able to learn writing features, their estimation, general characteristics, individual characteristics, ethnic and gender variability of handwriting, various types of forgeries and their detection.

-Students will be able to identify typescripts, various types of printing processes and their examination.

-Students will be able to determine identification of age of documents by examination of signatures, paper, ink etc.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Introduction to Document Examination
 

Nature and problems of document examination, classification of forensic documents, Specimen/Admitted writings/type writings etc: handling, preservation and marking of documents, importance of natural variations and disguise in writing, various types of forensic documents- genuine and forged documents, holographic documents, principles of handwriting identification, basic tools needed for Forensic Document Examination & their use, analysis of paper and inks.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Handwriting and Signature examination
 

Various writing features and their estimation, general characteristics of handwriting, individual characteristics of handwriting, ethnic and gender variability of handwriting, various types of forgeries and their detection, examination of signatures – characteristics of genuine and forged signatures, identification of forger, identification of writer of anonymous letters and application of Forensic Stylistics/Linguistics in the identification of writer, examination of built-up documents and determination of sequence of strokes

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Typewritten and Printed Documents
 

Identification of typescripts-identification of typist, various types of printing processes, identification of printed matter including printing of security documents and currency notes, identification of electronic typewriters, dot matrix, inkjet and laser jet printers, examination of black and white and color photocopies, fax messages and carbon copies.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Forgery Detection
 

Determination of age of documents by examination of signatures, paper, ink etc., Examination of alterations, erasures, over writings, additions and obliterations, decipherment of secret writings, indentations & charred documents, physical matching of documents, examination of seal, rubber and other mechanical impressions, examination of counterfeit currency notes,

Indian passport/visas, stamp papers, postal stamps etc., examination of fake credit cards, e documents, digital signatures, an introduction of computer forensics, preliminary examination of documents, opinion writings and reasons for opinion.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Hilton, O; Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents. Revised Edition, Elsevier,New York, 1982.

2. Osborn, A.S; Questioned Documents, 2nd Ed., universal Law Publications, Delhi, 1998.

3. Osborn, A.S; The Problem of Proof, 2nd Ed., Universal Law Pub. Delhi, 1998.

4. Thomas, C.C; Identification System for Questioned Documents, Billy Prior Bates Springfield, Illinois, USA, 1971.

5. Harrison, W.R; Suspect Documents Their Scientific Examination, Universal Law Publication, Delhi, 2001.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. Hilton, O; Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents. Revised Edition, Elsevier,New York, 1982.

2. Osborn, A.S; Questioned Documents, 2nd Ed., universal Law Publications, Delhi, 1998.

3. Osborn, A.S; The Problem of Proof, 2nd Ed., Universal Law Pub. Delhi, 1998.

4. Thomas, C.C; Identification System for Questioned Documents, Billy Prior Bates Springfield, Illinois, USA, 1971.

5. Harrison, W.R; Suspect Documents Their Scientific Examination, Universal Law Publication, Delhi, 2001.

Evaluation Pattern

Evaluation will be done on the basis of CIA1 (10%), CIA2 [Mid Semester Examination] (25%), CIA3 (10%), Attendance (5%) and End Semester Examination (50%).

CIA1: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

CIA2: MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION for 50 marks

CIA3: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

Attendance in class: 10 marks

END SEMSTER EXAMINATION: Consist of 2 sections. Section A consist of 10 questions carrying 5 marks each out of which students need to attempt 8 questions (8 X 5marks = 40 marks). Section B consists of 7 questions, carrying 12 marks each, out of which students need to attempt 5 questions (5 X 12 marks = 60 marks).

MFS135 - RESEARCH METHODOLOGY IN FORENSIC SCIENCES (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30
No of Lecture Hours/Week:2
Max Marks:50
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

1.      To understand the theoretical basis of conducting research

2.      To design a research

3.      Understanding the importance of the research paper

       4.      To impart knowledge regarding the ethics in research

Learning Outcome

By the end of this course, students will be able to

·         Find gaps in the existing research of their interest and conduct the research accordingly

·         Write a research proposal.

·         Publish research and review articles in the journal with impact factor.

       ·           Write a project report as well as research paper.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:10
Concepts of Research and Research Formulation
 

Need for research, stages of research; Basic concepts of research -Meaning, Objectives, Motivation and Approaches. Types of Research (Descriptive/Analytical, Applied/ Fundamental, Quantitative/Qualitative, Conceptual/ Empirical); Research formulation -Observation and Facts, Prediction and explanation, Induction, Deduction; Defining and formulating the research problem, Selecting the problem and necessity of defining the problem; Literature review -Importance of literature reviewing in defining a problem, Critical literature review, Identifying gap areas from literature review; Hypothesis -Null and alternate hypothesis and testing of hypothesis -Theory, Principle, Law and Canon.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:7
Research Designs
 

Research Design -Basic principles, Meaning, Need and features of good design, Important concepts; Types of research designs; Development of a research plan -Exploration, Description, Diagnosis, Experimentation, determining experimental and sample designs; Data collection techniques, Case-Control Studies, Cohort Studies

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:4
Scientific Documentation and Communication
 

Workbook maintenance, Project proposal writing, Research report writing (Thesis and dissertations, Research articles, Oral communications); Presentation techniques - Assignment, Seminar, Debate, Workshop, Colloquium, Conference.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
Information Science, Extension and Ethics
 

Sources of Information -Primary and secondary sources; Library - books, Journals: Indexing journals, abstracting journals, research journals, review journals, e-journals. Impact factor of journals, NCBI-Pub Med.; periodicals, reference sources, abstracting and indexing sources, Reviews, Treatise, Monographs, Patents. Internet -Search engines and software, Online libraries, e-Books, e-Encyclopedia, TED Talk, Institutional Websites; Intellectual Property Rights - Copy right, Designs, Patents, Trademarks, plagiarism, Geographical indications; Safety and precaution - ISO standards for safety, Lab protocols, Lab animal use, care and welfare, animal houses, radiation hazards; Extension: Lab to Field, Extension communication, Extension tools; Bioethics: Laws in India, Working with man and animals, Consent, Animal Ethical Committees and Constitution.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1.      Thomas, C.G., Research Methodology and Scientific Writing. Anne Books Pvt. Ltd. Bengaluru. 2017.

2.      Dawson, C. Practical research methods. UBS Publishers, New Delhi. 2002.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

 

1.      Thomas, C.G., Research Methodology and Scientific Writing. Anne Books Pvt. Ltd. Bengaluru. 2017.

2.      Dawson, C. Practical research methods. UBS Publishers, New Delhi. 2002.

Evaluation Pattern

Evaluation will be based on 10% CIA 1, 25% CIA 2, 10% CIA 3 and 5% Attendance

MFS151 - PRACTICAL I: PATTERN EVIDENCE AT SCENE OF CRIME, FORENSIC PHOTOGRAPHY AND FORENSIC DOCUMENT EXAMINATION (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:120
No of Lecture Hours/Week:8
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

 

The objective of this course is to introduce the concept of forensic science, its development and progress over time. It will also familiarize students with the organizational setting and working set up of forensic laboratories. It aims to introduce different techniques used in forensic investigations with the principles involved. The course would apprise students with the basics of forensic photography techniques with management of crime scene in different situations.

Learning Outcome

 Understand the basic concept, meaning, significance and development of Forensic science.

 To elucidate research methodologies and techniques used in the formation of research design on a specific problem.

 Describe Crime scene investigations, Reconstruction of scene of crime, basic principles of photography and its relevance.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:60
Practical: Pattern Evidence at Scene of Crime and Forensic Photography
 

1. Descriptive study of organizational structure of a forensic science laboratory.

2. To carry out photography of indoor and outdoor crime scenes

3. Crime scene photographic processing and development in different light sources and using different filters.

4. To carry out digital photography of various forensic evidences

5. Mock crime scene investigation and writing a report on evaluation of crime scene.

6. Interpretation of crime scene notes, photos, sketches and reconstruction of crime scene

7. Microscopy of various physical evidences

8. Study the theories of crime

9. Criminal profiling

10. Portrait parley

11. Expert testimony in a mock court case scenario.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:30
Practical: Forensic Document Examination
 

1. Identification of Handwriting Individual Characteristics.

2. Study of natural variations and fundamental divergences in handwriting.

3. Comparison of handwritings.

4. Detection of Simulated forgery.

5. Detection of traced forgery.

6. Study of Disguise in handwriting.

7. Comparison of Typewritten scripts

8. Currency note examination

                                                

Text Books And Reference Books:

. Hilton, O; Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents. Revised Edition, Elsevier,New York, 1982. 

2. Osborn, A.S; Questioned Documents, 2nd Ed., universal Law Publications, Delhi, 1998. 

3. Osborn, A.S; The Problem of Proof, 2nd Ed., Universal Law Pub. Delhi, 1998. 

4. Thomas, C.C; Identification System for Questioned Documents, Billy Prior Bates Springfield, Illinois, USA, 1971. 

5. Harrison, W.R; Suspect Documents Their Scientific Examination, Universal Law Publication, Delhi, 2001. 

 

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

. Hilton, O; Scientific Examination of Questioned Documents. Revised Edition, Elsevier,New York, 1982.

2. Osborn, A.S; Questioned Documents, 2nd Ed., universal Law Publications, Delhi, 1998.

3. Osborn, A.S; The Problem of Proof, 2nd Ed., Universal Law Pub. Delhi, 1998.

4. Thomas, C.C; Identification System for Questioned Documents, Billy Prior Bates Springfield, Illinois, USA, 1971.

5. Harrison, W.R; Suspect Documents Their Scientific Examination, Universal Law Publication, Delhi, 2001.

Evaluation Pattern

CIA Evaluation

Performance: 40 marks

Mid Semester Examination: 40 marks

Record: 20 marks

End semester Examination – 100 marks

MFS152 - PRACTICAL II: ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTS AND TECHNIQUES (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:120
No of Lecture Hours/Week:8
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The objective of this course is to introduce the concept of forensic science, its development and progress over time. It will also familiarize students with the organizational setting and working set up of forensic laboratories. It aims to introduce different techniques used in forensic investigations with the principles involved. The course would apprise students with the basics of forensic photography techniques with management of crime scene in different situations.

Learning Outcome

CO 1 Understand the basic concept, meaning, significance and development of Forensic science.

CO 2 To elucidate research methodologies and techniques used in the formation of research design on a specific problem.

CO 3 Describe Crime scene investigations, Reconstruction of scene of crime, basic principles of photography and its relevance.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:120
Analytical Instruments & Techniques
 

1. Preparation of the Normal, Molar and Standard & buffer solutions.

2. Determine the density of alcohol by using pyknometer.

3. Determination of pH of a solution using pH meter.

4. Comparison of soil samples using microscopic and density-gradient distribution of particles method.

5. Microscopic examination of hair and fibres.

6. Examination of documents under stereo zoom microscope, UV rays, IR rays and oblique light.

7. To separate the dyes and inks/plant pigments/body fluids/explosives by thin layer chromatography.

8. Care, handling, preservation, marking, packing and forwarding of documents.

9. Laboratory equipment-handling of Stereo microscope, Stereo zoom Microscope, comparison microscope, Raman spectrophotometer.

10. Use of Vernier Callipers for internal & external diameter, Screw Gauge for thickness, Spherometers for curvature of surface and Laser device for accurate Distance Measurements.

11. Determination of GSM and thickness of papers.

12. Use of breath analyzer for measuring blood alcohol concentration.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Houck, M.M & Siegel, J.A; Fundamentals of Forensic Science, Acadamic Press, London, 2006.

2. Sharma, B.R; Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation & Trials, Universal Publishing Co., New Delhi, 2003

3. Nanda B.B and Tewari, R.K; Forensic Science in India- A vision for the Twenty First Century, Select Publisher, New Delhi, 2001.

4. James, S.H and Nordby, J.J; Forensic Science- An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques, CRC Press, USA, 2003.

5. Saferstein; Criminalistics- An Introduction of Forensic Science, Prentice Hall Inc, USA,2007.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. Houck, M.M & Siegel, J.A; Fundamentals of Forensic Science, Acadamic Press, London, 2006.

2. Sharma, B.R; Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation & Trials, Universal Publishing Co., New Delhi, 2003

3. Nanda B.B and Tewari, R.K; Forensic Science in India- A vision for the Twenty First Century, Select Publisher, New Delhi, 2001.

4. James, S.H and Nordby, J.J; Forensic Science- An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques, CRC Press, USA, 2003.

5. Saferstein; Criminalistics- An Introduction of Forensic Science, Prentice Hall Inc, USA,2007.

Evaluation Pattern

CIA Evaluation

Performance: 40 marks

Mid Semester Examination: 40 marks

Record: 20 marks

End semester Examination – 100 marks

MFS231 - FORENSIC BIOLOGY AND FORENSIC MEDICINE (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The objective of this course is to disseminate the knowledge about various types of forensic medicine and forensic documentation. It also aims to discuss the principles of handwriting, its identification, tools needed for forensic document examination & their use in forensic science. The course wild explain the typewritten, printed documents and forgery detection techniques to students

Learning Outcome

Students will be able to

-demonstrate knowledge and understand some basic principles and concepts of Forensic medicine.

-apply knowledge and understand various scientific principles to write and read forensic documentation.

-Possess high awareness of major issues and development of research areas in Forensic medicine.

-Understand various aspects of Indian Law and related sections. 5. Posses laboratory skills to exacting standards of precision and care

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Identification of blood stains
 

Identification of blood stains: Presumptive tests- Benzidine test, Phenolphthalein test, Leucomalachite test, Tetra-Methylbenzidine test and O-Tolidine, Luminol test. Confirmatory tests- Haemochromogen test, Haematin test and Haemin test.

Identification of seminal stains- Presumptive Tests-Acid Phosphatase Test, Barberios Test and Florence Crystal Test. Confirmatory Test -Sperm Detection.

Identification of saliva stains: Starch iodine test, Radial gel diffusion and examination of buccal epithelial cells.

Identification of Urine stains: Physical examination, Odor Test, Urea nitrate crystal test and creatinine test.

Identification of vomit stains: Detection of Mucus, Free HCL and Endothelial cells.

Identification of faecal stains: Microscopic detection of undigested food particles, vegetables material and muscle fibers, Urobilinogen Test.

Diatoms and Pollen grains- their identification and Forensic Significance. Microorganism in biological warfare.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Human Body
 

Human Body – External Morphology. Introduction to adult human skeleton. Terminology associated with skeletal direction, gross morphology of long bones and human dentition. Bite marks- Forensic significance.

Hair structure. Hair growth. Phases of growth and growth rate. Hair characteristics from various body parts. Sex, age and race from hair. Forensic examination and comparison of hair. Human vs. animal hair. Forensic significance of hair. Types of vegetable fibers and their identification.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Thanatology
 

Thanatology- Stages of death. Suspended animation. The moment of death. Modes of death. Signs of death and changes following death. Estimation of PM Interval. Entomological evidence and their collection.

Microorganism responsible for food poisoning. Collection, preservation and forwarding of samples – vomit, stool, stomach wash and residual food.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Injuries
 

Injuries –Classification and Medico-legal Aspects. Mechanical Injuries. Firearm Injuries. Thermal Injuries. Explosion Injuries. Electrical Injuries. Atmospheric Lightning. Radiation Injury. Regional Injuries. Traffic Accidents.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Houck, M.M. & Siegel, JA; “Fundamentals of Forensic Science”, Academic Press, London, 2006.

2. Sharma, B.R.; “Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation & Trials”, Universal Publishing Co., New Delhi, 2003.

3. Barry, A.J. Fisher; “Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation”, 7th Ed, CRC Press, NY, 2003.

4. Eckett, WG & James, SH; “Interpretation of Blood Stains Evidence of Crime Scene”, Elsevier Pub. NY,1989.

5. Chadha, PV; “Handbook of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology”, Jaypee Brothers, New Delhi, 2004.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. Houck, M.M. & Siegel, JA; “Fundamentals of Forensic Science”, Academic Press, London, 2006.

2. Sharma, B.R.; “Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation & Trials”, Universal Publishing Co., New Delhi, 2003.

3. Barry, A.J. Fisher; “Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation”, 7th Ed, CRC Press, NY, 2003.

4. Eckett, WG & James, SH; “Interpretation of Blood Stains Evidence of Crime Scene”, Elsevier Pub. NY,1989.

5. Chadha, PV; “Handbook of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology”, Jaypee Brothers, New Delhi, 2004.

Evaluation Pattern

Evaluation will be done on the basis of CIA1 (10%), CIA2 [Mid Semester Examination] (25%), CIA3 (10%), Attendance (5%) and End Semester Examination (50%).

CIA1: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

CIA2: MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION for 50 marks

CIA3: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

Attendance in class: 10 marks

END SEMSTER EXAMINATION: Consist of 2 sections. Section A consist of 10 questions carrying 5 marks each out of which students need to attempt 8 questions (8 X 5marks = 40 marks). Section B consists of 7 questions, carrying 12 marks each, out of which students need to attempt 5 questions (5 X 12 marks = 60 marks).

MFS232 - FORENSIC CHEMISTRY AND TOXICOLOGY (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The objective of this course is to introduce chemical techniques and their application in forensic science. The students will be able to understand the importance of narcotic drug analysis, psychotrphic substances, biological and biochemical techniques with their general principles involved as well as their applied aspects.

Learning Outcome

Students will be able 

 To know about the concept of forensic toxicology, their utility and limitations.

  To describe the different forensic toxicants and their app;ications.

  To understand basic principles and theory of radiochemical techniques.

 To highlight general principles of fire and explosive detecton.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Forensic Chemistry
 

Scope & significance of Forensic Chemistry, Types of cases/exhibits received for analysis.

Trap Cases: Collection, and Preliminary analysis of evidence in trap cases.

Alcoholic Beverages: Types of alcohols, country made liquor, illicit liquor, denatured spirits, Indian made foreign alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

Dyes: Scope & Significance of dyes in crime investigation, analysis of ink by TLC and UV visible spectrophotometry.

Petroleum products and their adulterations: Chemical composition of various fractions of Petroleum Products, Analysis of petrol, kerosene, diesel.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Forensic Toxicology
 

Forensic Toxicology - Scope and Significance. Classification of Poisons based on their mode of action, uses and origin. Poisons - Types, routes of administration, toxicity, sign and symptoms. Factors affecting the effect of poison, medico-legal aspects of poisoning cases. Common Poisoning in India: Pesticides: Different types and their formulations, identification of pesticides, standard or sub-standard or substituted pesticides.

Guidelines for collecting forensic evidences in poisoning cases at crime scene. Importance of Post mortem examination in poisoning cases. Sample preparation for the analysis of poisons in body tissues/fluids and analysis by various instrumental techniques.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
 

Scope and significance NDPS drugs in forensic science, NDPS Act, Classification and characterization of NDPS drugs, Drug Law Enforcement, Search & Seizure, Sampling procedure, Forwarding of sample to FSL, Sample preparation for analysis, Preliminary analysis of drugs, Reporting of drug cases, Drug abuse, Drug addiction and its problems.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Fire/Arson and Explosives
 

Fire: Introduction to Fire & Arson, origin of fire, Chemistry of Fire, Firefighting operations, preservation of fire scene, collection of evidences, Seat of fire, cause of fire, motives, Analysis of fire debris, Case studies related to fire and Arson.

Explosive and Explosion: Scope & significance of explosive analysis in forensic science, Types of explosives, deflagration and detonation, explosive trains, collection, preservation and forwarding of exhibits, preliminary analysis of explosives. Do‟s and Don‟ts. Case studies related to explosives.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Robinson, J.W; Atomic Spectroscopy, 2nd Ed. Revised & Expanded, Marcel Dekkar, Inc,New York, 1996.

2. Workman, J; Art Springsteen; Applied Spectroscopy- A compact reference for Practitioners, Academic Press, London, 1997.

3. Subrahmanyam, N. &Lal B; A text Book of Optics, S. Chand & Company, New Delhi, 2004.

4. Willard, H.H. Lynne L. Merrett, J. Dean, A. Frank, A. Settle. J; Instrumental Methods of Analysis, 7th Edn.CBS pub.& Distributors, New Delhi, 1986.

5. Khandpur, R.S; Handbook of Analytical Instruments, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co.New Delhi, 2004.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. Robinson, J.W; Atomic Spectroscopy, 2nd Ed. Revised & Expanded, Marcel Dekkar, Inc,New York, 1996.

2. Workman, J; Art Springsteen; Applied Spectroscopy- A compact reference for Practitioners, Academic Press, London, 1997.

3. Subrahmanyam, N. &Lal B; A text Book of Optics, S. Chand & Company, New Delhi, 2004.

4. Willard, H.H. Lynne L. Merrett, J. Dean, A. Frank, A. Settle. J; Instrumental Methods of Analysis, 7th Edn.CBS pub.& Distributors, New Delhi, 1986.

5. Khandpur, R.S; Handbook of Analytical Instruments, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co.New Delhi, 2004.

Evaluation Pattern

Evaluation will be done on the basis of CIA1 (10%), CIA2 [Mid Semester Examination] (25%), CIA3 (10%), Attendance (5%) and End Semester Examination (50%).

CIA1: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

CIA2: MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION for 50 marks

CIA3: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

Attendance in class: 10 marks

END SEMSTER EXAMINATION: Consist of 2 sections. Section A consist of 10 questions carrying 5 marks each out of which students need to attempt 8 questions (8 X 5marks = 40 marks). Section B consists of 7 questions, carrying 12 marks each, out of which students need to attempt 5 questions (5 X 12 marks = 60 marks).

MFS233 - FORENSIC BALLISTICS AND FORENSIC PHYSICS (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The objective of this course is to introduce the concept of forensic science, its development and progress over time. It will also familiarize students with the organizational setting and working set up of forensic laboratories. It aims to introduce different techniques used in forensic investigations with the principles involved. The course would apprise students with the basics of forensic photography techniques with management of crime scene in different situations.

Learning Outcome

Students will be able to

-Understand the basic concept, meaning, significance and development of forensic ballistics and physics.

- elucidate  techniques used in the development of firearms .

-describe Crime scene investigations, Reconstruction of scene of crime, basic principles of criminalistics and forensic engineering.

 

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
History and development of firearms
 

History and development of firearms – their classification and characteristics, various components of small arms, smooth bore and rifled firearms, bore and caliber, shotgun barrels, chokes - their degrees and types; different automatic mechanisms used in small arms – blow back, recoil operated and gas operated mechanisms, rifling, class characteristics of rifled bore, purpose of rifling, methods to produce rifling; trigger and firing mechanism, trigger pull, accidental discharge of firearms, country-made firearms, improvised and imitation firearms.

Types of ammunition, nomenclature, percussion caps and their types, various priming composition, propellants, types of cartridge cases, their heads, various types of bullets and their compositional aspects.

Safety aspects about handling of firearms and ammunition

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Physical evidence available in crime involving firearms
 

Physical evidence available in crime involving firearms, handling of physical evidence at crime scene, principles and practice of identification of firearms, class and individual characteristics, various marks on fired cartridge cases and bullets, test firings, techniques of obtaining test materials, comparison microscope and matching of marks on evidence and test exhibits, automated bullet-cartridge identification system – IBIS and NIBIN.

Estimation of range of firing: burning, blackening, tattooing, spread of pellets, Walker‟s test.

Chemical tests of copper and lead around gunshot holes.

Gun-Shot Residue: Dermal nitrate test, why was it abandoned, mechanism of formation of gunshot residue, various methods of lifting of gunshot residue, detection of GSR by AAS.

Gun-Shot Injuries – caused by shotguns, rifles, revolvers, pistols, evaluation of gunshot injuries.  

Knowledge of Arms Act.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Criminalistics and Forensic Engineering
 

Criminalistics and Forensic Engineering: Role of trace evidence analysis and source correspondence, Arson Investigation, Introduction to Nano-science

Advanced Physical Techniques: Introduction to Lasers, Advanced microscopy & 3D scanning; Introduction to Atomic Absorption & Emission Spectroscopy, Fourier transform and X-ray spectroscopy

Collision Investigation and Reconstruction: Causes and Prevention of Road Accidents, Liability to accidents, Communication on the road, Reconstruction and proactive measures.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Forensic Voice Identification:
 

Forensic Voice Identification: Resonance and overtones, synthesis of complex waves, Place Theory of Hearing, Anatomy of Vocal Tract, Vocal Formants, analysis and recording of voice samples in trap/sting investigation

Photography and Forensic Image analysis: Light and Illumination, Optics and Lenses, Zoom and close-up Photography, Introduction to forensic use of digital images, resolution, colour space, file formats, photo sensors, memory and media, computing images

Forensic Video Analysis: Introduction to video, Video Cameras, Video images, Video Captures, CCTVs, Retrieval of images and their evidence analysis

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Sharma, B.R.; “Firearms in Criminal Investigation & Trials”, Universal Law Publishing Co Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 4th Edition, 2011.

2. Hatcher, Jury and Weller; “Firearms Investigation, Identification and Evidence”, Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pa, 1997.

3. Heard, B.J; “Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics”, John Wiley, England, 1997.

4. Jauhari M; “Identification of Firearms, Ammunition, & Firearms Injuries”, BPR&D, New Delhi.

5. Hogg, I.V; “The Cartridge guide – A Smallarms Ammunition Identification Manual”, The Stackpole publishing Co., Harrisburg, Pa, 1982.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. Sharma, B.R.; “Firearms in Criminal Investigation & Trials”, Universal Law Publishing Co Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 4th Edition, 2011.

2. Hatcher, Jury and Weller; “Firearms Investigation, Identification and Evidence”, Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pa, 1997.

3. Heard, B.J; “Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics”, John Wiley, England, 1997.

4. Jauhari M; “Identification of Firearms, Ammunition, & Firearms Injuries”, BPR&D, New Delhi.

5. Hogg, I.V; “The Cartridge guide – A Smallarms Ammunition Identification Manual”, The Stackpole publishing Co., Harrisburg, Pa, 1982.

Evaluation Pattern

Evaluation will be done on the basis of CIA1 (10%), CIA2 [Mid Semester Examination] (25%), CIA3 (10%), Attendance (5%) and End Semester Examination (50%).

CIA1: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

CIA2: MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION for 50 marks

CIA3: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

Attendance in class: 10 marks

END SEMSTER EXAMINATION: Consist of 2 sections. Section A consist of 10 questions carrying 5 marks each out of which students need to attempt 8 questions (8 X 5marks = 40 marks). Section B consists of 7 questions, carrying 12 marks each, out of which students need to attempt 5 questions (5 X 12 marks = 60 marks).

MFS234 - INFORMATION SECURITY AND CYBER CRIME (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The objective of this course is to introduce the concept of crime scene investigation, its development and progress over time. It will also familiarize students with the organizational setting and working set up of information crime and cyber crime laboratories. It aims to introduce different techniques used in forensic investigations with the principles involved. The course would apprise students with the basics of information techniques with management of crime scene in different situations. 

 

Learning Outcome

Students will be able to

-Understand the basic concept, meaning, significance and development of Forensic science.

-elucidate techniques used in the formation of online crime scene investigation .

-describe Crime scene investigations, Reconstruction of scene of crime, basic principles of photography and its relevance.

 

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:15
Introduction to Cyber Crime
 

Cyber Crime- Overview, Internal and External Attacks, Online and offline attacks.

Cybercrimes against Individuals – E-mail spoofing and other online frauds, Phishing and its forms, Spamming, Cyber defamation, Cyberstalking and harassment, Computer Sabotage, Pornographic offenses, Password Sniffing.

Cybercrime against organization – Unauthorized access of computer, Denial-of-service (DOS) attack, Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack, Backdoors and Malwares (virus, Trojan horse, worms), E-mail Bombing, Salami Attack, Software Piracy, Industrial Espionage.

Cyber Security Policy, Security policies violations, Crimes related to Social Media, ATM, phishing/vishing frauds, Online and Banking Frauds. Intellectual Property Frauds. Cyber Crimes against Women and Children, Phases of cyber-attack.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Introduction to Computers and Networking
 

Introduction to Computer Hardware - Various Components of a Computer, Motherboard, Micro-Processor, Memory, Data Storage Devices and Networking components. Understanding Computer Operating Systems (OS), Booting process of computers. Introduction to File Systems and its types.

Networking- Digital and Analog Signaling Methods, Network Types and Topologies, Different types of IP Addresses, Network Hardware Devices and Client/Server Computing.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Basics of Information Security
 

Information Security - Overview of Information security, CIA Triad, Threats and Vulnerabilities and Risk, Policy, Standards, Procedures, Guidelines and Baselines. Information Asset Classification: Classification of Information, Information Assets – Owner, Custodian, User. Access control, Authentication and Authorization. Information assurance and defensive measures. Digital Document Security.

Cryptography: Definitions and Concepts, Symmetric and Asymmetric Cryptosystems, Classical Encryption Techniques – Substitution Techniques, Transposition Techniques, Block Ciphers and Stream Ciphers, Hybrid Encryption Techniques, One-Time Pad. E-mail security, Internet and Web Security. Steganography and Steganalysis.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Introduction to Digital Forensics
 

Digital Forensics- Introduction, Objective and Methodology, Rules of Digital Forensics, First responder - role, toolkit, do‟s & don‟ts; Search and Seizure of Volatile and Non-volatile Digital Evidence. Imaging and Hashing Digital Evidence, Introduction to deleted file Recovery; Overview of types of Computer Forensics – Network Forensics, Mobile Forensics, Social Media Forensics and E-mail Forensics. Seizing and preserving mobile devices. Methods of acquisition of evidence from mobile devices. Data Acquisition and Evidence Gathering from Social Media. Introduction to IT Act.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Nina Godbole and Sunit Belapore; “Cyber Security: Understanding Cyber Crimes, Computer Forensics and Legal Perspectives”, Wiley Publications, 2011.

2. Shon Harris, “All in One CISSP, Exam Guide Sixth Edition”, McGraw Hill, 2013.

3. Bill Nelson, Amelia Phillips and Christopher Steuart; “Guide to Computer Forensics and Investigations” – 3rd Edition, Cengage, 2010 BBS.

4. William Stallings; “Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practices”, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall Publication Inc., 2007.

5. Atul Jain; “Cyber Crime: Issues, Threats and Management”, 2004.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. Nina Godbole and Sunit Belapore; “Cyber Security: Understanding Cyber Crimes, Computer Forensics and Legal Perspectives”, Wiley Publications, 2011.

2. Shon Harris, “All in One CISSP, Exam Guide Sixth Edition”, McGraw Hill, 2013.

3. Bill Nelson, Amelia Phillips and Christopher Steuart; “Guide to Computer Forensics and Investigations” – 3rd Edition, Cengage, 2010 BBS.

4. William Stallings; “Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practices”, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall Publication Inc., 2007.

5. Atul Jain; “Cyber Crime: Issues, Threats and Management”, 2004.

Evaluation Pattern

Evaluation will be done on the basis of CIA1 (10%), CIA2 [Mid Semester Examination] (25%), CIA3 (10%), Attendance (5%) and End Semester Examination (50%).

CIA1: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

CIA2: MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION for 50 marks

CIA3: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

Attendance in class: 10 marks

END SEMSTER EXAMINATION: Consist of 2 sections. Section A consist of 10 questions carrying 5 marks each out of which students need to attempt 8 questions (8 X 5marks = 40 marks). Section B consists of 7 questions, carrying 12 marks each, out of which students need to attempt 5 questions (5 X 12 marks = 60 marks).

MFS235 - ESSENTIALS OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS IN FORENSIC SCIENCE (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Students will also gain knowledge about the involvement of statistics in research.

Learning Outcome

 

1. Students will be able to perform probability tests.

2. Students will be able to compare mean for various aspects of research.

3. Students will be able to perform correlation analysis during research.

4. Students will be able to perform regression analysis during research.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:7
Introduction
 

The scope of biostatistics; Classification of study design, Observational studies and Experimental studies (uncontrolled studies, trials with external controls, crossover studies, trials with self-controls, trials with independent concurrent controls); Exploration and presentation of data: Scales of measurement, Tables, Graphs, Histograms, Box and Whisker plots, Frequency polygon, Scatter Plots, Principle component analysis.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Probability:
 

Definition, mutually exclusive events and addition rule, independent events and multiplication rule. Sampling: Reasons for sampling, methods of sampling, SRS, Systematic, Stratified, Cluster, NPS. Probability distribution: Binomial, Poisson, Gaussian, Standard normal distribution. Drawing inferences from data: Tests of significance: Statistical inference – estimation - testing of hypothesis - t-test, Chi square test (goodness of fit, independence or association, detection of linkages), Z-test, Confidence intervals, Confidence limits, Hypothesis tests, Types of errors, P-values.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Estimating and comparing means:
 

Decision about single mean (normal population and non-normal population), decision about single group, decision about paired groups, decision about two independent groups, equality of population variances, computer-aided illustration for comparison of means; Comparing three or more means: ANOVA – one way, two-way, A-priori comparison, Posterior or Post Hoc comparison. Statistical methods for multiple variables: Multiple regression, predicting with more than 1 variable, Statistical test for regression coefficient, Role of R and R2 in multiple regression, Confounding variable (ANACOVA), predicting categorical outcomes – logistic regression, discriminant analysis.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:8
Correlation and Regression:
 

Pearson’s correlation coefficient, Spearman’s rho, Linear regression, Least Square method, predicting with regression equation, comparing two regression lines, dealing with nonlinear observation, Common errors in regression, Comparing correlation and regression.

Text Books And Reference Books:

V. B. Rastogi, Biostatistics, New Delhi: Medtec, Scientific International, Pvt. Ltd., 2015.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

W. W. Daniel and C. L. Cross, USA: Biostatistics: A Foundation for Analysis in the Health Sciences, 10th ed. John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2012.

Evaluation Pattern
 

Evaluation will be done on the basis of CIA1 (10%), CIA2 [Mid Semester Examination] (25%), CIA3 (10%), Attendance (5%) and End Semester Examination (50%).

CIA1: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

CIA2: MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION for 50 marks

CIA3: Assignment/test/poster preparation/review writing etc. for 20 marks

Attendance in class: 10 marks

END SEMSTER EXAMINATION: Consist of 2 sections. Section A consist of 10 questions carrying 5 marks each out of which students need to attempt 8 questions (8 X 5marks = 40 marks). Section B consists of 7 questions, carrying 12 marks each, out of which students need to attempt 5 questions (5 X 12 marks = 60 marks).

MFS251 - PRACTICAL III: FORENSIC BIOLOGY, FORENSIC CHEMISTRY, AND TOXICOLOGY (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:120
No of Lecture Hours/Week:8
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

 

The objective of this course is to introduce the concept of forensic science, its development and progress over time. It will also familiarize students with the organizational setting and working set up of forensic laboratories. It aims to introduce different techniques used in forensic investigations with the principles involved. The course would apprise students with the basics of forensic photography techniques with management of crime scene in different situations.

Learning Outcome

Students will be able to 

 Understand the basic concept, meaning, significance and development of Forensic science.

To elucidate research methodologies and techniques used in the formation of research design on a specific problem.

 Describe Crime scene investigations, Reconstruction of scene of crime, basic principles of photography and its relevance.

 

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:120
Forensic Biology, Forensic Chemistry, and Toxicology
 

1. Identification of blood stains using enzymatic and crystal tests

2. Identification of seminal stains using presumptive test, crystal test and detection of spermatozoa

3. Identification of saliva stains

4. Identification of urine stains

5. Microscopic Examination of Human and Animal Hairs

6. Microscopic Examination of Vegetable Fibers

7. Identification of commonly encountered inorganic poisons Arsenic, Antimony, Bismuth, Mercury by colour test and microscopic examination.

8. Identification of ethyl alcohol and methyl alcohol by colour tests and microscopic examination.

9. Identification and comparison of inks by TLC and UV visible spectrophotometry.

10. Analysis of accelerants and incendiary in Arson cases by TLC and UV visible spectrophotometry.

11. Identification of explosives by colour tests & group analysis.

12. Identification of NDPS drugs by colour tests and TLC

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Nina Godbole and Sunit Belapore; “Cyber Security: Understanding Cyber Crimes, Computer Forensics and Legal Perspectives”, Wiley Publications, 2011.

2. Shon Harris, “All in One CISSP, Exam Guide Sixth Edition”, McGraw Hill, 2013.

3. Bill Nelson, Amelia Phillips and Christopher Steuart; “Guide to Computer Forensics and Investigations” – 3rd Edition, Cengage, 2010 BBS.

4. William Stallings; “Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practices”, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall Publication Inc., 2007.

5. Atul Jain; “Cyber Crime: Issues, Threats and Management”, 2004.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. Nina Godbole and Sunit Belapore; “Cyber Security: Understanding Cyber Crimes, Computer Forensics and Legal Perspectives”, Wiley Publications, 2011.

2. Shon Harris, “All in One CISSP, Exam Guide Sixth Edition”, McGraw Hill, 2013.

3. Bill Nelson, Amelia Phillips and Christopher Steuart; “Guide to Computer Forensics and Investigations” – 3rd Edition, Cengage, 2010 BBS.

4. William Stallings; “Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practices”, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall Publication Inc., 2007.

5. Atul Jain; “Cyber Crime: Issues, Threats and Management”, 2004.

Evaluation Pattern

CIA Evaluation

Performance: 40 marks

Mid Semester Examination: 40 marks

Record: 20 marks

End semester Examination – 100 marks

 

 

MFS252 - PRACTICAL IV: FORENSIC BALLISTICS, FORENSIC PHYSICS AND INFORMATION SECURITY (2021 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:120
No of Lecture Hours/Week:8
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

 

The objective of this course is to introduce the concept of forensic science, its development and progress over time. It will also familiarize students with the organizational setting and working set up of forensic laboratories. It aims to introduce different techniques used in forensic investigations with the principles involved. The course would apprise students with the basics of forensic photography techniques with management of crime scene in different situations.

Learning Outcome

 Students will be able to 

Understand the basic concept, meaning, significance and development of Forensic science.

elucidate research methodologies and techniques used in the formation of research design on a specific problem.

describe Crime scene investigations, Reconstruction of scene of crime, basic principles of photography and its relevance.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:60
Forensic Ballistics and Forensic Physics
 

1. Identification of measure and minor constituents of heterogeneous material evidence

2. Recording of speech samples using cassette and digital voice recorder

3. Sample preparation of calibration curve for UV studies

4. Wet chemical print photography from film negatives

5. Identification, measurement & photography of various components of a road

6. Crime scene videography of simulated crime scene and recording logs of video camera settings

7. Study of details of various small arms – caliber, choke, firing mechanisms, trigger pull, proof marks, etc.

8. Study of details of Shotgun ammunitions and rifle ammunitions

9. Determination of shot-size from diameter and weight of shots.

10. Examination of comparison of class and individual characteristics of fired bullets.

11. Examination and comparison of fired cartridge cases (caliber, firing pin marks, breech face marks, chamber marks, extractor and ejector marks)

12. Chemical tests for powder residue – Walker‟s Test & barrel wash

13. Test for lead, copper around gunshot holes in different targets.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:60
Information Security
 

1. Instrumentation Techniques:

·         Laboratory equipment-handling of Stereo microscope,

·         Stereo zoom Microscope,

·         Comparison microscope,

·         Raman spectrophotometer,

·         KAPPA, Nirvis, SEM-EDXA, Docucenter,

·         Electro Static Detection Apparatus (ESDA).

·         High Resolution Video Spectral Comparators examination,

·         Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA).

2. Preliminary examination of documents, identification of natural variations and disguise writings.

3. Secure configuration of ports and services of Windows

4. Encrypting and Decrypting the partition using Bit locker.

5. Collection and preservation of Volatile data from standalone computer.

6. Imaging and recovery of deleted files and folders from storage media.

7. Secure Configuration of Ports and Services of Windows 7.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Nina Godbole and Sunit Belapore; “Cyber Security: Understanding Cyber Crimes, Computer Forensics and Legal Perspectives”, Wiley Publications, 2011.

2. Shon Harris, “All in One CISSP, Exam Guide Sixth Edition”, McGraw Hill, 2013.

3. Bill Nelson, Amelia Phillips and Christopher Steuart; “Guide to Computer Forensics and Investigations” – 3rd Edition, Cengage, 2010 BBS.

4. William Stallings; “Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practices”, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall Publication Inc., 2007.

5. Atul Jain; “Cyber Crime: Issues, Threats and Management”, 2004.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1. Nina Godbole and Sunit Belapore; “Cyber Security: Understanding Cyber Crimes, Computer Forensics and Legal Perspectives”, Wiley Publications, 2011.

2. Shon Harris, “All in One CISSP, Exam Guide Sixth Edition”, McGraw Hill, 2013.

3. Bill Nelson, Amelia Phillips and Christopher Steuart; “Guide to Computer Forensics and Investigations” – 3rd Edition, Cengage, 2010 BBS.

4. William Stallings; “Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practices”, Fifth Edition, Prentice Hall Publication Inc., 2007.

5. Atul Jain; “Cyber Crime: Issues, Threats and Management”, 2004.

Evaluation Pattern

CIA Evaluation

Performance: 40 marks

Mid Semester Examination: 40 marks

Record: 20 marks

End semester Examination – 100 marks