Department of
LIFE-SCIENCES






Syllabus for
Bachelor of Science (Biotechnology, Chemistry, Botany)
Academic Year  (2019)

 
1 Semester - 2019 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
AEN121 ADDITIONAL ENGLISH 3 3 100
BOT131 BIODIVERSITY (MICROBES, ALGAE, FUNGI, BRYOPHYTES AND PTERIDOPHYTES) 4 4 100
BOT151 PRACTICAL IN BIODIVERSITY (MICROBES, ALGAE, FUNGI, BRYOPHYTES AND PTERIDOPHYTES) 4 2 50
BTY131 MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOSTATISTICS 4 4 100
BTY151 PRACTICALS IN MICROBIOLOGY 2 2 50
CHE151 CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS - I 4 2 50
FRN121 FRENCH 3 3 100
HIN121 HINDI 3 3 50
ISHOE1601 UNDERSTANDING TERRORISM AND COUNTER - TERRORISM 45 2 100
KAN121 KANNADA 3 03 100
LAWOE1605 PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDURE AND PRACTICE 3 2 100
SAN121 SANSKRIT 3 3 100
TAM121 TAMIL 3 3 100
2 Semester - 2019 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
AEN221 ADDITIONAL ENGLISH 3 3 100
BOT231 GYMNOSPERMS, PLANT ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY 4 4 100
BOT251 PRACTICAL IN GYMNOSPERMS, PLANT ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY 2 2 50
BTY231 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY 4 4 100
BTY251 PRACTICAL IN BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY 2 2 50
CHE231 PHYSICAL AND ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - I 4 4 100
CHE251 CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS - II 4 2 50
ENG221 ENGLISH 3 2 100
FRN221 FRENCH 3 3 100
HIN221 HINDI 3 3 50
ISHOE1601 UNDERSTANDING TERRORISM AND COUNTER - TERRORISM 45 2 100
KAN221 KANNADA 3 03 100
LAWOE1605 PARLIAMENTARY PROCEDURE AND PRACTICE 3 2 100
SAN221 SANSKRIT 3 2 100
TAM221 TAMIL 3 3 100
3 Semester - 2018 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
AEN321 ADDITIONAL ENGLISH 3 2 50
BOT331 PLANT TAXONOMY AND ECONOMIC BOTANY 4 4 100
BOT351 PRACTICAL IN PLANT TAXONOMY AND ECONOMIC BOTANY 4 2 50
BTY331 MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND BIOPHYSICS 4 4 100
BTY351 PRACTICAL IN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND BIOPHYSICS 2 2 50
CHE331 PHYSICAL AND ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - II 4 4 100
CHE351 CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS - III 4 2 50
ENG321 ENGLISH 3 2 100
FRN321 FRENCH 3 2 50
HIN321 HINDI 3 2 50
KAN321 KANNADA 3 02 50
SAN321 SANSKRIT 3 2 50
TAM321 TAMIL 3 2 50
4 Semester - 2018 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
AEN421 ADDITIONAL ENGLISH 3 2 50
BOT431 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND PLANT ECOLOGY 4 4 100
BOT451 PRACTICAL IN PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND PLANT ECOLOGY 4 2 50
BTY431 GENETIC ENGINEERING 4 4 100
BTY451 PRACTICAL IN GENETIC ENGINEERING 4 2 50
CHE431 INORGANIC AND PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY 4 4 100
CHE451 CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS - IV 4 2 50
ENG421 ENGLISH 3 2 100
FRN421 FRENCH 3 2 50
HIN421 HINDI 3 2 50
KAN421 KANNADA 3 02 50
SAN421 SANSKRIT 3 2 50
TAM421 TAMIL 3 2 50
5 Semester - 2017 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BOT541A CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY 3 3 100
BOT541B GENETICS, PLANT BREEDING AND EVOLUTION 3 3 100
BOT542A ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN PLANT SCIENCES 3 3 100
BOT542B PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOGNOSY 3 3 100
BOT551A PRACTICAL IN CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY 2 2 50
BOT551B PRACTICAL IN GENETICS, PLANT BREEDING AND EVOLUTION 2 2 50
BOT552A PRACTICAL IN ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES IN PLANT SCIENCES 2 2 50
BOT552B PRACTICAL IN PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOGNOSY 2 2 50
BTY541A IMMUNOLOGY 3 3 100
BTY541B PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINFORMATICS 3 3 100
BTY541C BIOPROCESS ENGINEERING 3 3 100
BTY551A PRACTICAL IN IMMUNOLOGY 2 1 50
BTY551B PRACTICAL IN PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINFORMATICS 2 2 50
BTY551C PRACTICAL IN BIOPROCESS ENGINEERING 2 1 50
CHE541A SPECTROSCOPY 3 3 100
CHE541B CHEMISTRY OF NATURAL PRODUCTS AND HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS 3 3 100
CHE541C INORGANIC MATERIALS OF INDUSTRIAL IMPORTANCE 3 3 100
CHE551A CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS - V A: SPECTROSCOPY 4 2 50
CHE551B CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS - V B: NATURAL PRODUCTS AND HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS 4 2 50
CHE551C CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS - V C : INORGANIC MATERIALS OF INDUSTRIAL IMPORTANCE 4 2 50
6 Semester - 2017 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BLS641A RESEARCH METHODOLOGY IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 3 3 100
BLS651A PROJECT IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 4 2 50
BOT641A PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINFORMATICS 3 3 100
BOT641B MYCOLOGY AND PHYTOPATHOLOGY 3 3 100
BOT642A HORTICULTURAL PRACTICES AND POST-HARVEST TECHNOLOGY 3 3 100
BOT651A PRACTICAL IN PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINFORMATICS 2 2 50
BOT651B PRACTICAL IN MYCOLOGY AND PHYTOPATHOLOGY 2 2 50
BOT652A PRACTICAL IN HORTICULTURAL PRACTICES AND POST-HARVEST TECHNOLOGY 2 2 50
BTY641A ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY 3 3 100
BTY641B ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY 3 3 100
BTY641C DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY 3 3 100
BTY641D HUMAN GENETICS 3 3 100
BTY651A PRACTICAL IN ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY 2 1 50
BTY651B PRACTICAL IN ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY 2 1 50
BTY651C PRACTICAL IN DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY 2 2 50
BTY651D PRACTICAL IN HUMAN GENETICS 2 1 50
CHE641A MOLECULES OF LIFE 3 3 100
CHE641B INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS AND ENVIRONMENT 3 3 100
CHE641C NOVEL INORGANIC SOLIDS 3 3 100
CHE651A CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS - VI A : MOLECULES OF LIFE 4 2 50
CHE651B CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS - VI B: INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS AND ENVIRONMENT 4 2 50
CHE651C CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS - VI C: NOVEL INORGANIC SOLIDS 4 2 50
CHE681 DISSERTATION IN CHEMISTRY 7 5 150
        

  

Assesment Pattern

 

 

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA1

Assignment/quiz/group task/ presentations

Before MST

--

10

 

CIA2

Mid-Sem Test

[MST]

2 Hrs (50 marks)

25

CIA3

Assignment/quiz/group task/ presentations

After MST

--

10

CIA3

Attendance (75-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3,

90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5)

--

5

ESE

Centralized

3 Hrs (100 marks)

50

Total

100

 

 

 

Examination And Assesments

Assessment  for Theory

No.

Component

Schedule

Duration

Marks

CIA1

Assignment/quiz/group task/ presentations

Before MST

--

10

 

CIA2

Mid-Sem Test

[MST]

2 Hrs (50 marks)

25

CIA3

Assignment/quiz/group task/ presentations

After MST

--

10

CIA3

Attendance (75-79 = 1, 80-84 = 2, 85-89 = 3,

90-94 = 4, 95-100 = 5)

--

5

ESE

Centralized

3 Hrs (100 marks)

50

Total

100

 

Department Overview:
The Department of Chemistry of CHRIST (Deemed to be University) aims at developing young talent for the chemical industry and academia. The curriculum is developed in such a way that the students are able to venture into allied fields too. The aim of the department through the programmes it offers is to provide ?a cut above the rest? man-power to the ever growing demands of the industry and to prepare students for higher studies and research. The interactive method of teaching at Christ University is to bring about attitudinal changes to future professionals of the industry. Equal importance is given to practical and theoretical aspects apart from experiential and digital modes of learning. Industrial projects form an integral part of the curriculum. Along with the syllabus, the University emphasizes on Value Addition Programs like Current Affairs, Holistic Education, Certificate programmes and Placement Training Programs, which include training students in group discussions, facing interviews and so on.
Mission Statement:
Vision To ensure the department of Chemistry of CHRIST (Deemed to be University) is a world leader in pioneering research to inspire and educate the students today and for the future in the concepts and skills of Chemistry Mission To develop proficient leaders of ethical values to contribute effectively to the nations growth.
Introduction to Program:
The UG Chemistry programme is offered to students opting for BSc degree with the combinations BCB, BCZ, CBZ and PCM. Chemistry being a central science all efforts are made to connect with physical and biological sciences.
Program Objective:
On successful completions of the BSc Programme students will be able to PO1. Understand and apply the fundamental principles, concepts and methods in key areas of science and multidisciplinary fields PO2. Demonstrate problem solving, analytical and logical skills to provide solutions for the scientific requirements PO3. Develop the critical thinking with scientific temper PO4. Communicate the subject effectively PO5. Understand the importance and judicious use of technology for the sustainable growth of mankind in synergy with nature PO6. Understand the professional, ethical and social responsibilities PO7. Enhance the research culture and uphold the scientific integrity and objectivity PO8. Engage in continuous reflective learning in the context of technological and scientific advancements On successful completions of the BSc BCB Programme students will be able to PSO1. Provide a comprehensive understanding of fundamentals of chemical sciences and biological sciences PSO2. Express proficiency in oral and written communications to appreciate innovation in research. PSO3. Understand the impact of chemicals in societal and environmental contexts. PSO4. Understand the biodiversity and to apply the knowledge to conserve endangered species. PSO5 Understand the concept of recombinant DNA technology in the field of medicine, industry and environment. PSO6. Develop industry-focused skills to lead a successful career.

AEN121 - ADDITIONAL ENGLISH (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The Additional English course is offered as a second language course and seeks to introduce the students to the nuances of English literature in its varied forms and genres. The students who choose Additional English are generally proficient in the English language. Hence, instead of focusing on introducing them to language, challenging texts in terms of ideas, form, and technique are chosen. Additional English as a course is designed for students in place of a regional language. Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), foreign nationals and students who have not taken Hindi, Kannada, Tamil or French at the Plus 2 or Class XII levels are eligible to choose Additional English. The course is taught for students from different streams, namely, BA, BSc, BCom, and BBA in the first year and for BA, BSc and BCom (Regular) in the second year.

The first year syllabus is an attempt by the Department of English, Christ University to recognize and bring together the polyphonic Indian and Indian sub-continental voices in English in English translation for the Additional English students of the first year. This effort aims to familiarize the students with regional literatures in translation, Indian Writing in English (IWE) and literatures from Pakistan, Nepal and Srilanka, thereby, enabling the students to learn more about Indian culture and ethos through writings from different regions of the country. We have tried to represent in some way or the other the corners of India and the Indian sub-continent in this microcosmic world of short stories, poems and essays

 

There is a prescribed text bookfor the first year students, compiled by the Department of English, Christ University and intended for private circulation.

The first semester has a variety of writing from India, Pakistan and Nepal. The various essays, short stories and poems deal with various socio-economic, cultural and political issues that are relevant to modern day India and the Indian sub-continent and will enable students to comprehend issues of identity-politics, caste, religion, class, and gender. All of the selections either in the manner of their writing, the themes they deal with or the ideologies that govern them are contemporary in relevance and sensibility, whether written by contemporary writers or earlier writers. An important addition to this syllabus is the preponderance of North-Eastern writing which was hitherto not well represented. Excerpts from interviews, autobiographical writings, sports and city narratives are added to this section to introduce students to the varied genres of literature.

The objectives of this course are

to expose students to the rich literary and cultural diversity of  Indian literatures

to sensitise students on the social, political, historical and cultural ethos that has shaped the nation- INDIA

to enable to grasp and appreciate the variety and abundance of Indian writing, of which this compilation is just a passing glance

to learn and appreciate India through association of ideas in the texts and the external contexts (BhashaUtsav will be an intrinsic help in this endeavour)

  

 

Learning Outcome

Learning Outcome

 

The students will become

sensitive to cultural, social, religious and ethnic diversities and help them engage with their peers and all around them in a more understanding and ‘educated’ manner.

 

it will also enable them through the activities conducted to become more proactive citizens/participants in society.

 

aware of the dynamics of gender, identity, communalism and politics of this vast nation through its literature.

 

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:10
Poetry
 

1.      Keki N Daruwala     “Migrations”

 

2.      Kamala Das            “Forest Fire”

 

3.      Agha Shahid Ali      “Snow on the Desert”

 

4.      Eunice D Souza       “Marriages are Made”

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:15
Short Stories
 

1.      Rabindranath Tagore    “Babus of Nayanjore”

 

2.      Ruskin Bond  “He said it with Arsenic”

 

3.      Bhisham Sahni       “The Boss Came to Dinner”

 

4.      N. Kunjamohan Singh    “The Taste of Hilsa”

 

5.      Mohan Thakuri                “Post Script”

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:20
Essays
 

1.      Mahatma Gandhi       “What is True Civilization?” (Excerpts from Hind Swaraj)

 

2.      Ela Bhatt                    “Organising for Change”

 

3.      Sitakant Mahapatra     “Beyond the Ego: New Values for a Global Neighborhood

 

4.      B R Ambedkar             “Waiting for A Visa”

 

Text Books And Reference Books:

Contemporary knowledge of the soci-political situation in the sub-continent

The text book copy "Reading Diversity"

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

On-line resources to appreciate the text through the Comprehension Questions

Evaluation Pattern

CIA 1:  Classroom assignment for 20 marks keeping in mind the objectives and learning outcomes of the course.

CIA 2: Mid-semester written exam for 50 marks

CIA 3: Collage, tableaus, skits, talk shows, documentaries, Quizzes or any proactive            creative assignments that might help students engage with India as a cultural space. This is to be done keeping in mind the objectives and learning outcomes of the course.

Question Paper Pattern

Mid Semester Exam: 2 hrs

Section A: 4x5= 20

Section B: 2x15=30

Total                  50

 

End Semester Exam: 2 hrs

Section A: 4 x 5 = 20

Section B: 2 x 15= 30

Total                   50

BOT131 - BIODIVERSITY (MICROBES, ALGAE, FUNGI, BRYOPHYTES AND PTERIDOPHYTES) (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

1)      To appreciate the fantastic commonness existing among organisms.

2)      The student will be able to appreciate the uniqueness of different groups and the way they are classified.

3)      To get a comparative knowledge of plants and their life cycle.

4)      To understand the interrelationships between plants.

5)      To enable the student to identify the different organisms by morphological and anatomical studies.

6)      To get a comparative account of plants in its life cycle, morphology, anatomy and reproduction with an evolutionary link

Learning Outcome

A thorough knowledge of the basics of lower group of organisms like algae, fungi, bryophytes and microbes like bacteria is imparted. The economic importance of these forms is well understood with experiments conducted in the laboratory and an on hand training is given through field visits.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:10
Microbes
 

Viruses – Discovery, general structure, replication (general account), DNA virus (T-phage); Lytic and lysogenic cycle, RNA virus (TMV); Economic importance; Bacteria – Discovery, General characteristics and cell structure; Reproduction – vegetative, asexual and recombination (conjugation, transformation and transduction); Economic importance.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:14
Algae
 

General characteristics; Ecology and distribution; Range of thallus organization and reproduction; Classification of algae (Fritsch); Morphology and life-cycles of the following:Scytonema, Chlamydomonas, Volvox, Sargassum, Polysiphonia. Economic importance of algae

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:14
Fungi
 

Introduction- General characteristics, ecology and significance, range of thallus organization, cell wall composition, nutrition, reproduction and classification by Ainsworth; True Fungi- General characteristics, ecology and significance, life cycle of Rhizopus (Zygomycotina) Penicillium, Peziza (Ascomycotina), Puccinia, Agaricus (Basidiomycotina). Symbiotic Associations-Lichens: General account, reproduction and significance;

Mycorrhiza: ectomycorrhiza and endomycorrhiza and their significance

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:2
Introduction to Archegoniate
 

Unifying features of archegoniates, Transition to land habit, Alternation of generations.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:10
Bryophytes
 

General characteristics, adaptations to land habit, Classification, Range of thallus organization. Classification (up to family), morphology, anatomy and reproduction of Marchantia, Anthoceros and Funaria. (Developmental details not to be included). Ecology and economic importance of bryophytes with special mention of Sphagnum.

Unit-6
Teaching Hours:10
Pteridophytes
 

General characteristics, classification, Early land plants (Cooksonia and Rhynia). Classification (up to

 

family), morphology, anatomy and reproduction of Psilotum, Lycopodium, Selaginella, Equisetum and Marsilea. (Developmental details not to be included). Heterospory and seed habit, stelar evolution. Ecological and economical importance of Pteridophytes.

Text Books And Reference Books:

1. Haitet.al. A Text book of Botany, New Delhi: NCBA, 2012.

2. Pandey, B. P. College Botany, Vol. I: Algae, Fungi, Lichens, Bacteria, Viruses, Plant Pathology, Industrial Microbiology and Bryophyta. New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd, 2001.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1.         Kumar, H.D. (1999). Introductory Phycology. Affiliated East-West. Press Pvt. Ltd. Delhi. 2nd edition.

2.         Tortora, G.J., Funke, B.R., Case, C.L. (2010). Microbiology: An Introduction, Pearson Benjamin Cummings, U.S.A. 10th edition.

3.         Sethi, I.K. and Walia, S.K. (2011). Text book of Fungi & Their Allies, MacMillan Publishers Pvt. Ltd., Delhi.

4.         Alexopoulos, C.J., Mims, C.W., Blackwell, M. (1996). Introductory Mycology, John Wiley and Sons (Asia), Singapore. 4th edition.

5.         Raven, P.H., Johnson, G.B., Losos, J.B., Singer, S.R., (2005). Biology. Tata McGraw Hill, Delhi, India.

6.         Vashishta, P.C., Sinha, A.K., Kumar, A., (2010). Pteridophyta, S. Chand. Delhi, India.

7.         Bhatnagar, S.P. and Moitra, A. (1996). Gymnosperms. New Age International (P) Ltd Publishers, New Delhi, India.

8.         Parihar, N.S. (1991). An introduction to Embryophyta. Vol. I. Bryophyta. Central Book Depot, Allahabad.

Evaluation Pattern

Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA)

 CIAI – Assignments/test/presentation/etc – 10%

 CIAII – Midsemester exam – 25%

 CIAIII - Assignments/test/presentation/etc – 10%

 Attendance – 5%

 End Semester Theory Exam – 50%

 Section A:  Answer any eight of the following          8 X 2 = 16

 Section B: Answer any six of the following               6 X 6 = 36

 Section C: Answer any four of the following             4 X 12 = 48

BOT151 - PRACTICAL IN BIODIVERSITY (MICROBES, ALGAE, FUNGI, BRYOPHYTES AND PTERIDOPHYTES) (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:50
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

1)      To appreciate the fantastic commonness existing among organisms.

2)      The student will be able to appreciate the uniqueness of different groups and the way they are classified.

3)      To get a comparative knowledge of plants and their life cycle.

4)      To understand the interrelationships between plants.

5)      To enable the student to identify the different organisms by morphological and anatomical studies.

6)      To get a comparative account of plants in its life cycle, morphology, anatomy and reproduction with an evolutionary link

Learning Outcome

Athorough knowledge of the basics of lower group of organisms like algae, fungi, bryophytes and microbes like bacteria is imparted. The economic importance of these forms is well understood with experiments conducted in the laboratory and an on hand training is given through field visits.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:60
Biodiversity
 

1.         EMs/Models of viruses – T-Phage and TMV, Line drawing/Photograph of Lytic and Lysogenic Cycle.

2.         Types of Bacteria from temporary/permanent slides/photographs; EM bacterium; Binary Fission; Conjugation; Structure of root nodule.

3.         Gram staining and streaking of bacterial culture

4.         Study of vegetative and reproductive structures of Scytonema, Chlamydomonas (electron micrographs), Volvox, Sargassum and Polysiphonia through temporary preparations and permanent slides.

5.         Rhizopus and Penicillium: Asexual stage from temporary mounts and sexual structures through permanent slides.

6.         Peziza: Specimens/photographs and tease mounts.

7.         Puccinia: Herbarium specimens of Black Stem Rust of Wheat and infected Barberry leaves; section/tease mounts of spores on Wheat and permanent slides of both the hosts.

8.         Agaricus: Specimens of button stage and full grown mushroom; Sectioning of gills of Agaricus.

9.         Lichens: Study of growth forms of lichens (crustose, foliose- Parmelia and fruticose - Usnea)

10.     Mycorrhiza: ecto mycorrhiza and endo mycorrhiza (Photographs)

11.     Marchantia- morphology of thallus, w.m. rhizoids and scales, V.S. thallus through gemma cup, W.M. gemmae (all temporary slides), V.S. antheridiophore, archegoniophore, L.S. sporophyte (all permanent slides).

12.     Funaria- morphology, W.M. leaf, rhizoids, operculum, peristome, annulus, spores (temporary slides); permanent slides showing antheridial and archegonial heads, L.S. capsule and protonema.

13.     Psilotum – Morphology, T. S of stem, T. S of synangium

14.     Selaginella- morphology, W.M. leaf with ligule, T.S. stem, W.M. strobilus, W.M. microsporophyll and megasporophyll (temporary slides), L.S. strobilus (permanent slide).

15.     Lycopodium- morphology, T.S. internode, L.S. strobilus, T.S. strobilus, W.M. sporangiophore, W.M. spores (wet and dry) (temporary slides)

16.     Equisetum- morphology, T.S. internode, L.S. strobilus, T.S. strobilus, W.M. sporangiophore, W.M. spores (wet and dry)(temporary slides); T.S. rhizome (permanent slide).

17.     Marsilea- morphology, T.S. Rhizome and Petiole, V.S. sporophyll, W.M. sporangium, W.M. spores (temporary slides), T.S. rhizome, w.m. prothallus with sex organs and young sporophyte (permanent slide).

Text Books And Reference Books:

1.Haitet.al. A Text book of Botany, New Delhi: NCBA, 2012.

2.Pandey, B. P. College Botany, Vol. I: Algae, Fungi, Lichens, Bacteria, Viruses, Plant Pathology, Industrial Microbiology and Bryophyta. New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd, 2001.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

1.         Kumar, H.D. (1999). Introductory Phycology. Affiliated East-West. Press Pvt. Ltd. Delhi. 2nd edition.

2.         Tortora, G.J., Funke, B.R., Case, C.L. (2010). Microbiology: An Introduction, Pearson Benjamin Cummings, U.S.A. 10th edition.

3.         Sethi, I.K. and Walia, S.K. (2011). Text book of Fungi & Their Allies, MacMillan Publishers Pvt. Ltd., Delhi.

4.         Alexopoulos, C.J., Mims, C.W., Blackwell, M. (1996). Introductory Mycology, John Wiley and Sons (Asia), Singapore. 4th edition.

5.         Raven, P.H., Johnson, G.B., Losos, J.B., Singer, S.R., (2005). Biology. Tata McGraw Hill, Delhi, India.

6.         Vashishta, P.C., Sinha, A.K., Kumar, A., (2010). Pteridophyta, S. Chand. Delhi, India.

Evaluation Pattern

Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA)

CIA-I – Performance – 20 Marks

 CIA-II- Mid Semester Practical Examination – 20 Marks

 CIA-III – Record – 10 Marks

END SEMESTER PRACTICAL EXAMINATION

CHRIST (DEEMED TO BE UNIVERSITY), BANGALORE – 560 029

END SEMESTER PRACTICAL EXAMINATION

BOT 151 Biodiversity (Microbes, Algae, Fungi, Bryophytes and Pteridophytes)

Time – 3 hours                                                                                          Total marks: 50 marks 

 

1.      Make Micro-preparation of the given specimens A, and B. Identify with reason and draw neat labeled diagram. Leave the slides for evaluation                                (2X8= 16)

(Preparation – 2, Identification with systematic position – 2, reason – 2, labeled diagram – 2)

2.      Sort out any two algae from the algal mixture C and make separate clear mounts. Identify and draw labeled diagrams                                                                                  (2X6 = 12)

(Preparation – 1, Identification with systematic position – 2, characters – 2, Diagram – 1)

3.      Identify and comment on the reproductive parts of the specimens D, E, and F given

(3X5 = 15)

(Identification and classification – 2, comment – 1.5, diagram – 1.5)

4.      Spot at sight G, H, and I (Generic name – 0.5, parts displayed – 0.5)          (3X1 = 3)

5.      Conduct Bacterial staining/streaking of bacterial stain J                               (4 marks)

(Procedure – 2, work – 2)

BTY131 - MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOSTATISTICS (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The paper surveys bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa, as well as their growth characteristics and morphology. This course guides the students to learn appropriate microbiology laboratory techniques that will be useful in subsequent courses. This course fulfils the basic knowledge in microbiology for those students who wish to pursue career in allied health fields and other technical programs. The students are made aware of GLP (good laboratory practices) which is very important in laboratories. Biostatistics portions will introduce the students to clinical research and imparts knowledge on applied statistics.

Learning Outcome

Most of the techniques in biotechnology use bacteria, viruses and fungi. This course will make the students adept in the structure and functions of these microbes which in turn will give them confidence to work using these organisms. The students will become competent for jobs in dairy, pharmaceutical, industrial and clinical research. The basics of statistics will also help them in analysing field study data and clinical trial data.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:10
Introductory Microbiology
 

History and scope of Microbiology, Microscopy – Light, Phase contrast, Fluorescence & Electron microscopy: Stains and staining techniques - Gram’s, acid fast, capsular, flagellar and endospore staining. Physical and Chemical control of microorganisms. Methods of Sterilization, Microbial Taxonomy: Methods for isolation of pure culture, Classification and nomenclature of microorganisms.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:14
Structure and Classification of Microorganisms
 

Structure of bacteria, classification based on shape and arrangement of cells, flagella – structure & function, endospore formation, uses, pili and capsule, Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria – cell wall structure.  Viruses – Structure and classification, Plant Viruses – CaMV, Animal viruses – Hepatitis B, Herpes Simplex Virus,  HIV, Bacteriophages . Eukaryotic microorganisms- Salient features, classification and reproduction of fungi, mycoplasma and algae

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:10
Physiology and Biochemistry of Microbes
 

Nutritional classification of microbes, Association of microorganisms (Parasitism, Saprophytism, Mutualism and Symbiosis, Commensalism, endozoic microbes) - Respiration: EMP, HMP and ED Pathways, Bacterial photosynthesis: Photosynthetic apparatus in prokaryotes, Photophosphorylation. Nitrogen metabolism (nitrogen fixation)

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:6
Pathogenic Microorganisms
 

Epidemic, endemic and pandemic, Bacterial diseases of man – Tetanus, Tuberculosis, Pneumonia and Cholera, Viral diseases: AIDS – Life cycle of HIV, Parasites: Life cycle of Entamoeba and Plasmodium. Emerging diseases – H1N1, Super bugs

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:3
Importance and Application of Statistics
 

Tabulation and classification of data, Frequency distribution and Graphical distribution of  ungrouped data – Line graph, Bar diagram, Pie chart, pictogram, cartogram - and grouped data – Histogram, Frequency polygon, frequency curve, Ogive

Unit-6
Teaching Hours:7
Measures of central tendencies and Dispersion
 

Measures of central tendency - Mean, Median and Mode – properties, advantages and limitations, calculation of mean, median and mode for ungrouped and grouped data. Measures of dispersion- Range, mean deviation, coefficient of mean deviation, standard deviation and coefficient of standard deviation, variance and its significance.

Unit-7
Teaching Hours:5
Probability and Distribution
 

Concepts and problems on probability. Types of distribution - Binomial, Poisson, Normal Distribution - significance and their applications.

Unit-8
Teaching Hours:5
Hypothesis Testing
 

Types of Hypothesis – Null and alternative Hypothesis, Types of errors – Type 1 and Type II, Level of significance, Student T and Chi-square test, problems based on these concepts.

Text Books And Reference Books:

M. J. Pelczar Jr, E. C. S. Chan and N. R. Krieg, Microbiology, 5th ed. New Delhi: Tata McGgraw Hill Education Pvt Ltd., 2004.

 V. B. Rastogi, Biostatistics, New Delhi: Medtec, Scientific International, Pvt. Ltd., 2015.

R. C. Dubey and D. K. Maheswari, Microbiology, New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd., 2010.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

M. T. Madigan. J. M. Martinko. D. Stahl. D. P. Clark, USA: Brock's Biology of Microorganisms 13 ed. Benjamin Cummings. 2010.

R. Ananthanarayan and C. K. J. Paniker, Ananthanarayan and Paniker’s Textbook of Microbiology 8thed. Universities Press. 2009.

G. J. Tortora, B. R. Funke, and C. L. Case, An Introduction to Microbiology, 11th ed. USA: Benjamin Cummings, 2012.

W. W. Daniel and C. L. Cross, USA: Biostatistics: A Foundation for Analysis in the Health Sciences, 10th ed. John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2012.

Evaluation Pattern

CIAI(Written Assignment/Moodle Assignment/chart making)-20 Marks

CIAII(Midsemester exams)-50 Marks

CIAIII(Presentation/Model Making/Quiz/Poster presentation/Service learning)-20 Marks

Attendance- 10 Marks

End semester Exam- 100 Marks

End Semester Examination Pattern

 Max Marks 100, Duration 3 Hrs

Section A

Answer any 8 out of TEN                                                  

2 Marks each

 16  Marks

Section B

Answer any SIX out of EIGHT

4 Marks each

36 Marks

Section C

Answer any FOUR out of SIX

6 Marks each

48 Marks

Final Marks=50% of CIAs+50% of ESE 

BTY151 - PRACTICALS IN MICROBIOLOGY (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:2
Max Marks:50
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The paper attempts to give hands on experience in the different techniques in the field of microbiology like growing microbes in different media, identifying them by means of staining techniques, counting microbes etc. All these are of immense application in medical, industrial and agricultural fields.

Learning Outcome

The intention of this paper is to make the students skilled in pure culture techniques to isolate and study bacteria and fungi and also to perform various biochemical tests to identify bacteria. Most importantly, they would have mastered the skill of using microscopes which will become handy in diagnostic techniques.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:60
Practical in Microbiology
 

1

Safety measures in microbiology laboratory                                                                                                                                                                         

 

2

Instrumentation

 

3

Cleaning and Sterilization of Glass wares and preparation of Cotton plug

 

4

Preparation of Culture Media

 

5

Isolation of Microorganisms from environment.

 

6

Study of Colony Characteristics of Bacteria

 

7

Pure culture techniques

 

8

Simple staining of bacteria

 

9

Gram staining

 

10

Motility testing of bacteria

 

11

Endospore staining

 

12

Sensitivity of bacteria to antibiotics

 

 

13

Biochemical tests (IMViC& Catalase)

 

14

Study of fungi

 

Text Books And Reference Books:

N. Kannan, Laboratory manual in General Microbiology, New Delhi: Panima Publishing Corporation, 2002.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

T. R. Johnson and C. L. Case, Laboratory Experiments in Microbiology, 10th ed.: San Fransisc: Benjamin Cummings, 2012.

Evaluation Pattern

CIAs:

Performance- 20 Marks

Midsem exam- 20 Marks

Record- 10 Marks

End semester Practical Exam - 50 Marks

End semester Pattern

Max Marks 50  Duration 3 Hrs

1. Performance of Microbiology technique(Staining/Streaking)-20 marks

2. Biochemical test-6 marks

3. Logical questions-8 marks

4. Spotters-16 marks

Final Marks=50%CIAs+50%ESE

 

CHE151 - CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS - I (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:50
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This course is intended to impart basic analytical skills with an emphasis on volumetric analysis. It also emphasises the importance of organized and systematic approach in carrying out experiments.This course introduces the students to the separation of mixtures using chromatographic technique.

Learning Outcome