Department of
BUSINESS-STUDIES-AND-SOCIAL-SCIENCES






Syllabus for
Bachelor of Business Administration (Tourism and Travel Management)
Academic Year  (2019)

 
1 Semester - 2019 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAEN121 LANGUAGE IN CONTEXT-I 3 3 100
BBBAT131 FUNDAMENTALS OF TOURISM 4 3 50
BBBAT132 TOURISM INDUSTRY 4 4 100
BBBAT133 BUSINESS MANAGEMENT 4 3 100
BBBAT134 FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING 3 3 100
BBBAT161 TRAVEL WRITING FOR THE PRINT MEDIA 3 3 100
BBS191C MAHABHARATHA AND MODERN MANAGEMENT 3 3 100
BBS191D INTRODUCTION TO EXISTENTIALISM 3 3 100
BBS191E TOURISM, CULTURE, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 3 3 100
BECO191A INSTITUTIONS AND INFORMAL ECONOMY 3 3 100
BECO191B ECONOMICS OF CORRUPTION 3 3 100
BENG191A READING TECHNOLOGY IN/AND SCIENCE FICTION 3 3 100
BHIS191A ENCOUNTERING HISTORIES: THE FUTURE OF THE PAST 3 3 100
BMED191A MEDIA LITERACY 3 3 100
BMED191B CINEMATOGRAPHY 3 3 100
BPOL191A CONFLICT MANAGEMENT AND PEACE 3 3 100
BPOL191B GLOBAL POWER POLITICS 3 3 100
BPOL191C STATE AND TERRORISM 3 3 100
BPSY191A SCIENCE OF WELLNESS 3 3 100
BPSY191B ADVERTISEMENT PSYCHOLOGY 3 3 100
SDBS 112 SOCIAL SENSITIVITY SKILLS 2 1 100
2 Semester - 2019 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BAEN221 LANGUAGE IN CONTEXT-II 3 3 100
BBBAT211 TRAVEL MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION 3 3 100
BBBAT231 INDIAN TOURISM PRODUCTS AND GEOGRAPHY 4 4 50
BBBAT232 FUNDAMENTALS IN HOTEL MANAGEMENT 4 3 100
BBBAT233 CORPORATE ACCOUNTING 4 3 100
BBBAT234 ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR 4 3 100
BBS291A APPLIED ETHICS-A MULTICULTURAL APPROACH 3 3 100
BBS291B GLOBAL LEADERSHIP AND CULTURE 3 3 100
BBS291C COURTESY AND ETIQUETTES 3 3 100
BECO291A ECONOMICS AND LITERATURE 3 3 100
BECO291B DESIGNING POLICIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 3 3 100
BENG291A READING CITYSCAPES: BANGALORE HISTORIES 3 3 100
BENG291B READING THE CYBERSPACE: PUBLIC AND THE PRIVATE 3 3 100
BHIS291A THE POLITICS OF MEMORY: THE MAKINGS OF GENOCIDE 3 3 100
BMED291A INTER-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION 3 3 100
BMED291B ACOUSTIC PHONETICS 3 03 100
BPOL291A LITERATURE REVIEW FOR RESEARCH 3 3 100
BPSY291A APPRECIATING AESTHETICS 3 3 100
BPSY291B HUMAN ENGINEERING AND ERGONOMICS 3 3 100
SDBS 212 EXPRESSIVE SKILLS 2 1 100
3 Semester - 2018 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BBBAT311 ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT 4 3 100
BBBAT331 TOURISM MARKETING 4 4 100
BBBAT332 TOURISM BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT 4 3 100
BBBAT333 COST AND MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING 4 3 100
BBBAT334 EVENT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT 4 3 100
BBBAT335 BUSINESS ECONOMICS 4 4 100
SDBS 312 KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION SKILLS 2 1 100
4 Semester - 2018 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BBBAT431 TRAVEL AGENCY AND TOUR OPERATIONS 4 4 100
BBBAT432 BUSINESS FINANCE 60 3 100
BBBAT433 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 4 3 100
BBBAT434 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 4 3 100
BBBAT435 BANKING AND INSURANCE 4 3 100
BBBAT436 BUSINESS STATISTICS 4 3 100
SDBS 412 KNOWLEDGE APPLICATION SKILLS 2 1 100
5 Semester - 2017 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BBBAT531 GLOBAL TOURISM GEOGRAPHY I 4 4 100
BBBAT532 TAXATION LAW 4 3 100
BBBAT533 E-BUSINESS 4 3 100
BBBAT541B DESTINATION MANAGEMENT 4 4 100
BBBAT542B CONSUMER BEHAVIOR IN TOURISM 4 4 100
BBBAT543B SUSTAINABLE TOURISM 4 4 100
BBBAT581 INTERNSHIP 3 2 50
BBBHT541 A SECURITY ANALYSIS AND PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT 4 4 100
BBBHT542A GLOBAL BUSINESS FINANCE 4 4 100
BBBHT543 A FINANCIAL MODELLING AND DERIVATIVES 4 4 100
SDBS512 SELF ENHANCEMENT SKILLS 1 2 1 100
6 Semester - 2017 - Batch
Paper Code
Paper
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BBAT631 GLOBAL TOURISM GEOGRAPHY II 4 4 100
BBAT632 BUSINESS LAW 4 3 100
BBAT633 STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT 4 3 100
BBAT641 B LEISURE AND RECREATION MANAGMENT 4 4 100
BBAT642 B AVIATION AND TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT 4 4 100
BBAT643 B INTEGRATED MARKETING COMMUNICATION 4 4 100
BBAT681 PROJECT 3 3 100
BBHT641 A STRATEGIC COST MANAGEMENT 4 4 100
BBHT642 A PROJECT APPRAISAL 4 4 100
BBHT643A MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS 4 4 100
SDBS612 SELF ENHANCEMENT SKILLS II 2 1 50
        

  

Assesment Pattern

tudents are evaluated for each paper on the basis of written examination and continuous internal assessment. Each paper carries maximum of 100 marks and is evaluated as follows:

End Semester Exam (ESE)

30%

Mid Semester Exam (CIA-II)

25%

Continuous Internal Assessments (CIA- I & III)

40%

Attendance

05%

Total

100%

  • Written Examinations consists of:
    • Mid Semester Exam – 50 marks (2 hours duration)
    • End Semester Exam – 50 marks (2 hours duration)
    • A student should have secured minimum 40% marks in the ESE to pass in that paper.
    • In aggregate for each paper, for internal and end semester put together, at least 40 marks out of 100 must be secured to pass in that paper.

CIA – I : Objective type tests / quiz; regular Q & A during class sessions, current affairs presentations.

CIA – II: Mid Semester Examination (MSE)

·         2 hours paper for 50 marks

·         50% of the marks secured out of 50 will be included for ESE aggregate for the paper.

·         Bar code system to maintain objectivity.

CIA – III: Group work consisting of written report, PPT presentation and viva for each individual member.

Examination And Assesments

Regular classroom lectures shall be accompanied by any other method instructors find suitable to deliver better learning. Some suggested methods are;

  1. Case Studies
  2. Role Plays
  3. Seminars and Presentations
  4. Simulation Exercises
  5. Current Affairs Sessions relevant to the topic etc.

Evaluation Methods:

  • Quiz Sessions
  • Assignments
  • Field study reports
  • Periodic Tests
  • Assessment of Class Participation in case studies and discussions
  • Any other appropriate method identified by the instructor that would ensure objective assessment of the student performance.


 

Department Overview:
The Department of Tourism Studies was established in 1999, dedicated to the motto of excellence and service.The Department is committed for the overall development of an individual through academic excellence, professional competence, personal, interpersonal and societal skills. Christ University became the premier educational institute in Karnataka to introduce a two-year Post-graduate Programme in Tourism Studies- MBA (Tourism and Travel Management). Presently, the Discipline of Tourism Studies is part of School of Business Studies and Social Sciences, Christ University ? Bannerghatta Road Campus, Bengaluru. With a focus on Greater Academia and stronger Industry Relations, the Discipline gives emphasis on Research and development. It also offers Ph.D, M.Phil and BBA (Tourism and Travel Management) courses. The School of Business Studies and Social Sciences is an IATA/UFTAA Authorized Training Centre for international travel and tourism training programmes. Driven with a strong and sound set of core values, the Discipline has always endeavored to empower students to face the challenges in the rapidly growing travel, tourism and hospitality industry. The Discipline imparts training in tourism and travel industry management and related areas. It provides opportunities to students to connect with various Bodies and Associations within the tourism industry in such a way that they are equipped professionally in the vocation of tourism. The Discipline also undertakes educationa
Mission Statement:
Vision Excellence and Service Mission The Discipline of Tourism Studies offers a platform to develop human resources to make effective interventions in the society through personal and professional excellence.
Introduction to Program:
The Bachelor of Business Administration (Tourism and Travel Management), an undergraduate degree specialized in travel, tourism and hospitality industry was started in 2002. This program is an intensive and comprehensive program spread over three years. The dynamic curriculum design of the program prepares students to adapt to the demands and face the challenges of today?s tourism and travel industry. The program also lays strong emphasis on communication, customer relations and service. The program has both theory and skill development part of the syllabus. Teaching includes lectures and other forms of extension such as presentations, discussions, brainstorming, demonstrations and field visits. The program has a strong Institute and Industry Interface through guest talks, seminars, panel discussions etc. BBA (Tourism and Travel Management) Program offers students two options: 1. Complete the three-year Degree in Christ University, Bangalore, India. Or 2. Complete the first two years in Christ University and then transfer to a foreign University for completion of the UG Program (1 year).
Program Objective:
Programme Specific Objectives 1. To develop the students with professional and academic inputs to adapt to the requirements of the changing travel, tourism and hospitality industry. 2. To offer Comprehensive teaching and learning through case studies, role-plays, group discussions, presentations, group research and travel laboratories. 3. To offer tailor made programs with both theory and skill developments as a part of the Curriculum. 4. To offer Field oriented activities to know and promote value -additions for people and places. 5. To enable students to be take up sector relevant studies, for presentations to be made and working experiences through internships. 6. To provide strong emphasis in communication, customer relations and service. 7. To create professionals who can succeed in the industry which has no regional, gender, language or age barriers and where talent reaps success. Programme Specific Outcomes: 1. Students will receive a clear overview and knowledge of the travel, tourism and hospitality industry, and its different functional and operational areas 2. Students will be well prepared to adapt to the demands and face the challenges of the contemporary and the future tourism industry 3. Students will be empowered to make effective interventions in the society through personal and professional excellence in the travel, tourism and hospitality industry

BAEN121 - LANGUAGE IN CONTEXT-I (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This course is an attempt by the English Studies, School of Business Studies and Social Sciences, Christ University to recognise and bring together English language in context i.e.,  in a natural way through the contents that are important not only to self but also to society.

The course titled Language in Context aims to familiarise the first year students of Business Studies (Honours & Tourism) with literatures in varieties of forms, thereby, enabling them to learn more about culture, ethos contemporary societies through writings from different regions. We have tried in our little way to represent the world through sensible expressions in the form of short stories, poems, essays, videos and blogs. This course is designed to impart the linguistic skills of the student as well. The course consists of four units such as Society and Self, Democracy and Dissent, Equity and Equality, and Ecological Care and Concerns. Each unit is composed of an essay, poem, short story, blog posts, graphic essay and comics related to identified areas. It is aimed at improving student’s linguistic skills that can help them to take leap from textbooks to news paper or full length novels. The contents of the course carry the message of ethical concerns that the future business entrepreneurs are supposed to equip themselves with for a progressive and equitable society.

The various texts across the two semesters deal with various social, economic and political issues that are relevant to modern day world and it helps us to negotiate with everyday situations in a more proactive way. The various short stories and poems touch upon questions of self and identity, human interactions and social relationships sometimes in a straightforward manner, sometimes in an abstract way. But all of them, be it in the manner of their writing or the themes they deal with or the ideologies that govern them are quintessentially contemporary in ethos, sense and sensibility, whether written by Indians or authors from other parts of the world. 

Pedagogy:

The teachers in charge of taking this course to the class are not only expected to elaborate, discuss and deliberate upon the topics given as a part of this course but are also expected to incorporate passive grammar and vocabulary development instructions as deemed fit according to the needs of the learners.

Course Objectives: The course aims to inculcate in students:

 

                         An understanding of English language through contexts.

                         An ability to discern different challenges that our society is facing now.

                         Facilitate acquisition of vocabulary, grammar, and discourse.

                         Integrate grammar and vocabulary skills to facilitate contextual understanding.

 

Learning Outcome

Learning Outcomes: After the completion of the course, the students will be able to:

                         Read and appreciate simple as well as complex essays or poems in English.

                         Creatively write about the concerns and care they have for society and self.

                         Speak on the topics that address the common people’s concerns.

                         Apply reading and critical thinking skills in contextual meaning comprehension

                         Apply reading, writing, listening and speaking skills within the context of the topics studied

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:10
Society and Self
 

Introducing the idea of individual as self and his/her inextricable link with the society. The problems one encounters as part of his/her societal interaction. Moreover, the texts also look at the ‘becoming’ process within the individual which comes as result of such interactions and interventions.

       Subroto Bagchi (2006): Go Kiss the World (IIM B, Inaugural Speech)

       Sushrut Jadhav et. al. (2015): Mental Health in India: Ecologies of Suffering‘New’ Caste https://psmag.com/news/how-english-creates-a-new-caste-system-in-india

       Linda Pastan: Girl Leaving Home (Cycle: Slam poetry at UnErase Poetry)

 

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:10
Democracy and Dissent
 

Looking at the societal set up based on the discourse of consent and dissent. The texts selected, creates a platform for the students to ponder on practices which they found intelligently or contradictorily placed within the democratic fabric they follow.

       Amartya Sen: Democracy as Public Reason (Essay)

       Naomi Shihab Nye: To Any Would-Be Terrorists (Letter)

       Thangjam Ibopishak: I want to be Killed by an Indian Bullet (Poetry)

       Santosh Desai: The Death Penalty as a sign of the times? (Essay)

       O. Henry: The Cop and the Anthem (Short Story)

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:10
Equity and Equality
 

Throwing more light on dissent and the nature of its evolution. The texts deliberate more specifically on the sections within the democratic set up, who still are designated as beings belonging to the periphery.

       Manjushree Thapa: Women Have No Nationality (Essay)

       Noam Chomsky (2015): One Day in the Life of a Reader of the New York Times

https://chomsky.info/20150406/

Or

       Noam Chomsky (2015): We Are All … Fill in the Blank

https://chomsky.info/20150110/

       Can ‘Castelessness’ fix caste? EPW Engage Infographic based on Satish Deshpande’s Caste and Caste and Castelessness: Towards a biography of ‘General Category’

       Hansda Sowvendra Shekhar (2017) November is the Month of Migrations (Story)

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:15
Ecological Care and Concerns
 

This unit deals with environmental issues and its place in contemporary deliberations. The texts selected envisages a serious and thought provoking debates on ecological issues from different precepts ranging from social, political, economical and individual.

       In Harmony with mother Nature: Narendra Modi

       https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/in-harmony-with-mother-nature/article25115350.ece

       Poem: Susan Briante (2018) 13 Questions for the Next Economy

https://www.poets.org/poetsorg/poem/13-questions-next-economy

       Kanishk Tharoor (2016) Swimmer Under the Stars (Story)

Text Books And Reference Books:

Compilation

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Compilation

Evaluation Pattern

CIA - Evaluation Pattern

Individual Assignment

Group Assessment

Mid Semester

20

20

25

Mid Semester Examination

Section A

Section B

Section C

Total

2X10=20

1X15=15

1X15=15

50

End Semester Examination

Section A

Section B

Section C

Total

2X10=20

1X15=15

1X15=15

50

BBBAT131 - FUNDAMENTALS OF TOURISM (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:50
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Course Description

This paper introduces the important concepts and terminologies of tourism and their usage. It explains the emerging trends and changing scenario of tourism industry. It also elucidates the impacts and motivations of travel and tourism.

Course Objectives

  • To introduce and familiarize the concept of tourism.
  • To elaborate on how tourism originated
  • To elucidate the different travel motivations and components of tourism
  • To analyze the impacts of tourism – economic, environmental and socio-cultural
  • To throw light on the changing scenario of the tourism industry

Learning Outcome

Learning Outcome  

This paper intends to introduce and familiarize the concepts of tourism and to elaborate on how tourism originated. It also emphasizes on the different travel motivations and components of tourism. It helps to analyze the economic, environmental and socio-cultural impacts of tourism and emerging trends and changing scenario of the tourism industry.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:10
Nature and Concept of tourism
 

Definition, Origin and growth of tourism; Characteristics of Tourism, Interrelationships and classifications Tourism System; Typologies of tourists, Distinction between travellers, visitor, tourists, excursionists and transit visitor. History of Tourism, Famous Travelers –Tourism Deterrents War, Political and Civil Unrest, Inadequate Facilities, Non-Accessibility, International and national growth; Development of tourism in India, Sargent committee, Tourist Information offices, Formation of Ministry of Tourism, Setting up of Department of Tourism, developments that have taken place, and the present position.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:7
Approaches to the study of tourism
 

Product approach, institutional approach, managerial approach, geographical approach, sociological approach, historical approach, economic approach, inter-disciplinary approach.

Sociology of tourism; Effects on the individual, effects on the family, effects on the society, life characteristics and travel, emergence of group travel patterns, social(subsidized)tourism, Barriers to travel.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:15
Travel Motivations
 

Why do people travel, travel for business, travel for pleasure, romance of pleasure travel, changing perspective of pleasure, need for change, travel for health, travel for seeking knowledge, Vagabondage, Trip and fun, pleasures for pre and post travel, travel and second/holiday homes, travel as a challenge, travel as a means to sharpen perspectives, travel and the social perspective, holidaying as a cultural norm, to travel or no to travel- importance of motivation, travel as a satisfier of needs or wants, needs, wants and motives,  Tourist learning process, motivation for travelling/ tourism, tourists with no or constrained choice, studies on travel motivations, Gray’s interpretations, Lundberg’s View; Educational and cultural motives, relaxation and pleasure, ethnic and others, MacIntoshCategorisation, Robinson’s Classifications; relaxation and refreshment of body and mind, health, pleasure, curiosity and culture, Interpersonal reasons, spiritual purpose, Professional or Business reasons, Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs model and travel motivations, Plog’s psychographics classification of tourists and travel motivations;  Alo centric motivation, Near-Alo centric Motivations, Mid centric Motivations, Near- Psycho centric and Psycho centric Motivations, Travel Motivations as related to Demographics.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:10
Components of Tourism
 

Major and Minor Components of Tourism: Attraction, Accommodation, Accessibility, Amenities, Activities; Ancillary components; geographical elements, Types of Travel: Leisure, Cultural Tourism, VFR, Corporate, Incentive, Wildlife, Adventure, Pilgrimage, Education, Ecotourism, Study and analysis, International – Domestic – Regional Tours   Tourism Components and Supply; Supply components, Natural resources, Built environments, Operating sectors, Matching supply with demand.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:10
Impacts of Tourism
 

Economic- The generation of economic impacts by tourist spending, leakages of expenditure, out of local economy, measurement of economic impact, multiplier concept, types of multiplier, methodological approaches, weakness and limitations of multiplier model, policy implication of multiplier analysis. Environmental Impacts- Environmental impact assessment, EIA process, environmental auditing, environmental action programmes. Socio- Cultural Impacts- Nature of socio-cultural impact of tourism approaches to the study of socio-cultural impact of tourism, tourism developmental process, psychological basis of tourism development, sociological basis of tourism development, general negative socio- cultural impacts of tourism, specific negative socio-cultural impacts of tourism, general positive socio-cultural impacts associated with tourism, methods of measuring the socio- cultural impacts of tourism.

Unit-6
Teaching Hours:8
Emerging trends in Tourism
 

Changing scenario of the tourism industry- SMERFS- tourists with special needs and differently abled tourist- emerging types of tourism- tourism distribution system- online travel agents- zero percent commission era- Government initiatives for tourism.

The future of tourism: The external environment for tourism; future drivers, social drivers of change, safety, security and risk, climate change, human resources for tourism, future drivers of the tourism system, future tourism product markets

Text Books And Reference Books:

Walker, R., & Harding, K. (2010). Tourism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Robinson, P., Lück, M., & Smith, S. L. (2013). Tourism. Wallingford, Oxfordshire: CABI.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Tan, E. S., Yeoh, B. S., & Wang, J. (2010). Tourism management and policy: Perspectives from Singapore. Singapore: World Scientific Pub.

Barwick, J., & Barwick, J. (2011). Tourism. Abbotsford, Vic.: Echidna.

Hannam, K., &Ateljevic, I. (2007). Backpacker tourism: Concepts and profiles. Clevedon, UK: Channel View Publications.

Evaluation Pattern

CIA 1- 20 Marks Reasons influencing tourism in developed and developing countries? How can they help the tourism industry in particular country- Report writing

CIA 2- Midterm Examination- 50 Marks

CIA 3- 20 Marks Study the positive and negative impacts of tourism on oce region

BBBAT132 - TOURISM INDUSTRY (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This subject intends to introduce new concepts and terminologies used in the Tourism Industry, throws light on the different components of tourism, formalities and regulations followed as well as role of tourism organizations. It even explains the future of the Tourism Industry with reference to new trends and issues.

Learning Outcome

To introduce new concepts and terminologies in theTourism Industry. To elucidate the different components of tourism infrastructure and their functions. To provide an understanding of how demand and consumer behaviour is analysed in the Tourism Industry. The module covers an array of tourism organizations which are nationally and internationally associated with the promotion and development of Tourism. The module will also highlight the future of tourism with regard to emerging trends and issues in the Tourism Industry.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:8
Introduction to the Tourism Industry
 

Introduction, Tourism Business, Key Principles in Managing the Tourism Business, Need for Management in Tourism Business, What Tourism Managers manage, Marketing as a Management Function, Challenges in Tourism Business Management, Forces affecting the Tourism Industry, Tourism as a Global Phenomenon

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:12
Tourism Demand
 

Managing Tourism demand; Definition, Concepts, Demand Schedule, Measuring Demand for Tourism – Demand for international tourism and domestic tourism, Use of Tourism Statistics, Research in tourism market; the value of research, Research process - Tourism Demand Determinants and Forecasting - Determinants of Demand for Tourism, Suppress Demand for Tourism, Forecasting Tourism Demand

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:20
Tourism Infrastructure
 

Transportation - Air Transport; Domestic and International Airlines, Civil Aviation in India, Scheduled & Charter Airlines, Low Cost Carriers, IATA, ICAO, Airports Authority of India, Regulations in the Airlines Industry, Common Terminologies used in Air Travel

Rail Transport; Indian Railways, Railway zones, Tourist Trains, Indrail Pass, Road Transport; National and State Highways, Automobile Associations, Car Rental Companies – Water Transport; Coastal Cruises and Inland water ways, Common Terminologies used in Cruise Travel

Accommodation – Primary Forms – Hotels, Definition, Types, Meal Plans, Rooms & Beds, FHRAI. Supplementary Forms – Hostels, Guest Houses their definitions and types, Resorts; Definition & Types, Common Hotel Terminologies

Travel Agents and Tour Operators - Travel Agencies: Definition, History of Travel Agency, Function of Travel Agency – Travel Formalities – Passports, VISA, Health regulations for International Travel – Customs Regulations – Taxes paid by Travellers – Travel Insurances

Tour Operators; Types of Tour Operators, Types of Tours, Travel Guides, Importance and Role of Tourist Guides and Tour Escorts, UFTAA, TAAI, Common Terminologies used in Travel Agencies and Tour Operation

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:10
Tourism Organizations
 

Need for Travel and Tourism Organizations, International Organizations, National and Regional Organizations, Non-governmental Organizations, International and National Travel and Tourism Associations (Governmental and Associated) involved in governing and promoting Tourism – UNWTO / WTTC / PATA/Ministry of Tourism, Government of India /ITDC/KSTDC

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:10
Future of the Travel and Tourism Industry
 

Understanding the Future of Tourism, Forces affecting the Travel and Tourism Industry, Crises and Disasters in Tourism, Trends and Issues within control and beyond control – The External Environment for Tourism: Future drivers of Tourism System, Social drivers of change, Political drivers of change, Technological drivers of change; New Business Trends, Safety, Security and Risks, Climate change, Human Resources for Tourism, Future Tourism Product Markets.

Text Books And Reference Books:

Tan, E. S., Yeoh, B. S., & Wang, J. (2010). Tourism management and policy: Perspectives from Singapore. Singapore: World Scientific Pub.

Khan,M.A.(2011), Introduction to Tourism, Anmol Publications, New Delhi.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Essential Reading

Barwick, J., & Barwick, J. (2011). Tourism. Abbotsford, Vic.: Echidna.

Recommended Reading

Bhatia, A. K. (2009), Tourism Management and Marketing-The Business of Travel Agency

Operations, Sterling Publishers, New Delhi.

Negi,J.(2008), Tourist Guide and Tour Operations; Planning and Organization, Kanishka

Publishers, New Delhi.

Hannam, K., & Ateljevic, I. (2007). Backpacker tourism: Concepts and profiles. Clevedon, UK: Channel View Publications.

Evaluation Pattern

CIA 1

·         Written Assignment on the 5A’s in Tourism with Examples

·         Individual Presentations on the 5A’s in Tourism with Examples

10 July 2018

CIA 2

Mid – Semester Examination

04 – 11 August 2018

CIA 3

·         Written Assignment on the Objectives and Functions of International, National and Regional Travel and Tourism Organizations

·         Group Presentations on the Emerging Trends in the Travel, Tourism and Hospitality Industry

10 September 2018

 

CIA Evaluation Rubrics

CIA Component (20 Marks)

20 – 18 Marks

17 – 15 Marks

14 – 12 Marks

11 – 07 Marks

06 – 01 Marks

0 Marks

Written Assignment on the 5 A’s of Tourism with Examples of Destinations to support the same

Elaborate Assignment on the 5 A’s of Tourism, with detailed explanation of each A and with 2 Examples of Destinations to support each A (2 Pages per A)

Elaborate Assignment on the 5 A’s of Tourism, with a short explanation of each A and with 2 Examples of Destinations to support each A (2 Pages per A)

Assignment on the 5 A’s of Tourism, with an introduction to each A and with 2 Examples of Destinations to support each A (2 Pages per A)

Assignment on the 5 A’s of Tourism, with an introduction to each A and with 1 Example of a Destination to support each A (Less than 2 Pages per A)

Assignment on the on the 5 A’s of Tourism, with 1 Example of a Destination to support each A (Less than 1 Page per A)

Submission after the Due Date or Non-Submission

CIA Component (20 Marks)

20 – 18 Marks

17 – 15 Marks

14 – 12 Marks

11 – 07 Marks

06 – 01 Marks

0 Marks

Individual Presentation on the 5 A’s of Tourism with Examples of Destinations to support the same

Innovativeness of the Destination selected, Depth of the Topic covered, Presentation Etiquettes, ICT Tools used

Innovativeness of the Destination selected, Depth of the Topic covered, Presentation Etiquettes, ICT Tools used

Depth of the Topic covered with Example, Presentation Etiquettes, ICT Tools used

Depth of the Topic covered, Presentation Etiquettes, ICT Tools used

Topic covered, Presentation Skills, ICT Tools used

No Presentation or No Innovativeness in the Topic

CIA Component (20 Marks)

20 – 18 Marks

17 – 15 Marks

14 – 12 Marks

11 – 07 Marks

06 – 01 Marks

0 Marks

Written Assignment on the Objectives and Functions of International, National and Regional Travel and Tourism Organizations

Elaborate Assignment on the Objectives, Brief History and Functions of all the Organizations (2 Pages per Organization)

Elaborate Assignment on the Objectives and Functions of all the Organizations (2 Pages per Organization)

Assignment on the Objectives and Functions of few Organizations (2 Pages per Organization)

Assignment on the Objectives and Functions of few Organizations (1.5 Pages per Organization)

Assignment on the Functions of few Organizations (1 Page per Organization)

Submission after the Due Date or Non-Submission

CIA Component (20 Marks)

20 – 18 Marks

17 – 15 Marks

14 – 12 Marks

11 – 07 Marks

06 – 01 Marks

0 Marks

Group Presentations on the Emerging Trends in the Travel, Tourism and Hospitality Industry

Innovativeness of the Concept, Depth of the Topic covered, Presentation as a Team, Team Dynamics, ICT Tools used

Innovativeness of the Concept, Depth of the Topic covered, Presentation as a Team, Team Dynamics, ICT Tools used

Depth of the Topic covered, Presentation as a Team, Team Dynamics, ICT Tools used

Depth of the Topic covered, Presentation as a Team, ICT Tools used

Topic covered, Presentation as a Team, ICT Tools used

No Presentation or No Innovativeness in the Topic

BBBAT133 - BUSINESS MANAGEMENT (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The paper will provide a thorough overview to the evolution of Management Thought. The learners should be able to develop a deep understanding on the concept, structure and various functions of Management in any Business, including Tourism Business. They will gain a clear overview on the establishment and formulation of various procedures involved in a Tourism Business Enterprise.

Learning Outcome

 

  • To introduce the students to the evolution of management thought
  • To familiarize the concept and structure of management
  • To develop knowledge in various functions of management

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:4
Introduction to Business and Industry
 

Meaning of an Industry, Classification of Industry. Establishing a Tourism Business Enterprise: Analyzing the feasibility, Registration, Liaison with banks etc. 

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:5
Nature and Importance of Management
 

Meaning of Management, Functions of Management, Levels of Management in an Organization – Managerial Roles and Skills. 

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:8
Evolution of Management Thought
 

Early History (pre-scientific period), Classical Management, Behavioral and Quantitative approaches to management, Shift in focus in management thought.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:12
Managerial Decision Making and Planning
 

Steps in Decision Making - Decision making by individuals, Decision making by groups. Introduction to planning, Types of Planning, Types of plans, Objectives, policies, procedures and methods, Importance of planning in a Tourism Business.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:15
Organizing and Staffing
 

Introduction to Organizing, Departmentalization, Delegation and Decentralization, Span of Control, Organization Structure in Tourism Business. Human Resource Planning, Recruitment, Selection, Placement, Performance Appraisal, Training and Development, Human Resource Management in Tourism Business. 

Unit-6
Teaching Hours:16
Directing and Controlling
 

Leadership - Definition, theories of Leadership, Leadership styles in Tourism Business. Motivation - Definition, Motivation Process, Motivation Theories, Motivation Techniques. Communication - Process of Communication, Principles of Communication, Types of Communication, Barriers to Communication. Introduction to Controlling, Steps in Control Process, Control Techniques, Principles of Controlling, Characteristics, Importance and Limitations of Controlling.

Text Books And Reference Books:

Appaniah, & Reddy. (2012). Essentials of Management. Himalaya Publication.

Harold, Koontz, & Heinz, Weihrich. (2015). Essentials of Management. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publication, 10th edition.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Prasad, L.M. (2005). Principles of Management. New Delhi: Kalyani Publisher’s.

Sharma, R.K., & Gupta K., Shashi. (2007). Principles of Management. New Delhi: Kalyani Publisher’s.

Evaluation Pattern

CIA 1: 20 Marks (2 components)

CIA 2: 25 Marks (MSE)

CIA 3: 20 Marks (2 components)

 

Attendence: 5 Marks

BBBAT134 - FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Course Description: This paper is an introduction to basic concepts of accounts and book-keeping. The course is designed to introduce the learner towards the basic purpose of book-keeping in accounting and also the various concepts and types of statements which help in recording financial transaction. The course is designed so that the learner is equipped with the skills of recording financial transaction on one hand as well as is able to understands and import ideas for decision making from the final accounts and other statements. The course includes the understanding of bifurcation of various expenses and income and details out the entire journey of accounting form journal entries to final accounts. Learning for the course helps the student in recording and understanding the financial transaction/expenses/incomes is case of any industry which can be extended to the tourism and travel industry. 

Course Objectives

·       To impart knowledge about fundamental principles of accounting

·    Equip the students with the basic skill of categorizing expenses and incomes in order to be able to maintain the books of accounts more efficiently and effectively.

·        To introduce the students to forms, methods and science of maintaining statements.

 ·        To impart the basic knowledge to appreciate and understand final accounts of a business concern as well as able to be able to make the same.

 

Learning Outcome

At the end of the course the student will be able to:

1. Accurately categories the financial transaction under various heads and should be able to present the transactions as per the defined proformas.

2. Students should be able effectively post a financial transaction correctly and should be able to mark its entry from the journal to the final accounts.

3. The students by practicing the various sums/problems should be able to understand the purpose and objectivity of each statement that is there in accounting.

4.  The students should be able to estimate the financial condition of a firm by observing its financial statements.

5. The student of tourism should be able to relate and record the transactions of travel and tourism using the same principle and methodology described under accounting.

 

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:5
Introduction to Accounting
 

Level of Knowledge: Analytical

Meaning, Need for accounting, Internal and External users of accounting information, limitations of accounting, accounting Concepts and Conventions, Accounting Practices, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:12
Accounting systems & process
 

Level of Knowledge: Analytical

Nature of accounting, Accounting equation - Systems of accounting , Process of accounting transactions, types of accounts, Rules of accounting. Journal - Meaning, features, simple and compound entries., Capital and revenue expenditures, Capital and revenue receipts, Contingent assets and contingent liabilities, Preparation of ledgers.Preparation of trail balance.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:10
Subsidiary Books
 

Level of Knowledge: Analytical

Subsidiary books – material evidences – proforma invoice, debit and credit note, types of subsidiary books - Sales book, Sales return book, Purchases book, Purchase returns book, receivable book, payable book, Cash Book- (Single column, double column, and three columnar cash book, petty cash book) and journal proper.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:6
Rectification of Errors
 

Level of Knowledge: Analytical

Rectification of errors.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:7
Bank Reconciliation Statement
 

Level of Knowledge: Analytical

Need for reconciliation and preparation of bank reconciliation statement.

Unit-6
Teaching Hours:10
Final Accounts
 

Level of Knowledge: Analytical

Preparation of Trading and Profit and Loss account and balance sheet of sole trading concerns including all adjustments

Unit-7
Teaching Hours:5
Fundamentals of Partnership
 

Level of Knowledge: Analytical

Preparation of partners capital account- fixed and fluctuating-preparation of profit and loss adjustment account –calculation of interest on drawings. Limited liability partnership (concept only)

Unit-8
Teaching Hours:5
Hotel Accounting
 

Level of Knowledge: Advanced

Types of customers or guest of a hotel, important terms in connection with hotel business hotel accounting/front office- Hotel accounting-back of the house, hotel accounting general book keeping- Final accounts of hotel industry-practical problems

Text Books And Reference Books:

Maheshwari, S.N., & Maheshwari, S.K. (2014). Advanced Accountancy (10th edi), 1, New Dehli:Jain Book Agency.

 

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Vasudeva, S. (2013). Accounting For Business Managers. New Delhi:Himalaya Publishing House.

Arora M. N. (2013). Accounting For Management. New Delhi: Himalaya Publishing House.

Bhattacharya. (2014). Essentials of Financial Accounting (Based on IFRS) (2ndedi), Prentice Hall India.

Gupta, A. (2013). Financial Accounting for Management: An AnalyticalPerspective(1stedi), Noida:Pearson Education.

Jain S P & Narang KL (2014). Basic Financial Accounting.

Porter, G.A., & Norton, C.L. (2014). Financial Accounting (IFRS update)( 6thedi), Cengage Learning.

Radhaswamy, M & Gupta, R.L. (2014).Advanced Accountancy. 2, New Delhi:Sultan Chand & Sons.

Raman, B. S. (2013). Financial Accounting (1stedi).I& II, New Dehli: United Publishers

Reddy, A. (2013). Fundamentals of Accounting. New Delhi: Himalaya Publishing House

Shukla, M. (2014). Advanced Accounts, New Delhi:S Chand Group

 

Evaluation Pattern

End Semester Exam (ESE)

30%

Mid Semester Exam (CIA-II)

25%

Continuous Internal Assessments (CIA- I & III)

40%

Attendance

05%

Total

100%

BBBAT161 - TRAVEL WRITING FOR THE PRINT MEDIA (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

A subject to provide students with an in-depth understanding of the nature of travel News and the process of Travel Reporting. The subject will acquaint students with the techniques of writing simple but polished Travel News Stories. The subject will develop creativity in writing and the imaginative approaches to Features, Profiles and interview Stories. The paper will help students to gain an understanding of the mechanics of Travel Editing

Learning Outcome

  • Understand the basics of print media work culture and report writing

  • To fine tune the skills of creative writing  on varied subjects

  • Learning the practice and follow the editing techniques with proper style sheet

  • Can apply the creativity and make trials to write attractive headlines

  • Apply technical proficiency gained during the course to take effective photographs suitable for various media and requirements

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:10
Introduction to Print Media
 

Brief History of Press in India-Major Newspaper Organizations-Organizational Set up for a Newspaper-Contemporary Trends in Print Journalism-Definition-News-Types of news-News Values- writing news-Techniques of Travel News Gathering and Writing-Responsibilities of a Travel Reporter-Sources of News-Cultivating Sources

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:8
Creative Travel Writing
 

Creative Travel Writing-Interviews-Human Interest Stories- Profiles-Columns-Features-Middles-Letters to the Editor-Travel Editorials-Reviews -Travel Books-Travel Movies for travel edition

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:10
Travel News Editing
 

Editing and its significance in Travel Journalism-Role of Travel News Editors-Chief Sub Editors and Copy Editors- Principles of Editing- Re-Writing- Computer Editing-Style Sheet- Techniques of Headline Writing- Types of Headlines-Polishing Headlines-New Trends in Headlining

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
Introduction to Photography
 

Evolution of Photography-Definition, nature and scope of Photo journalism-Photography as an Art form-Elements of Camera-Types of Camera-Digital Photography-Wildlife-Travel-Life and Candid Photography-Photo feature

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:8
Practical Travel Photography
 

New trends in photography–Challenges of Travel Photography-Techniques of photo editing and software’s- legal and ethical aspects of photography.

Text Books And Reference Books:

  • Kumar, K. J. (2018). Mass communication in India (4rd completely rev. & updated ed.). Mumbai: Jaico Pub. House.

  • Mehta D S. (1992). Mass Communication and Journalism in India. New Delhi: Allied Publishers.

  • Pirolli, B. (2019). Travel journalism: Informing tourists in the digital age. Oxon: Routledge.

  • Rich, Carole., & Anderson, D. A. (2010). News Writing and Reporting. Boston: McGraw Hill.

  • Shrivastava K.M. (2015). News Reporting and Editing Revised Edition 2015. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited.

  • Verma, M K. (2018). News Reporting and Editing. New Delhi: APH Publishing Corporation.

  • Wright, T. (2016). The photography handbook (Third edition.). London: Routledge.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

  • Edwards, S. (2006). Photography: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, New York: Oxford Univesity Press.

  • Hicks, W., Adams, S., & Gilbert, H. (2011). Writing for Journalists. London: Routledge

  • Joseph, M. K. (2000). Modern Media and Communication. New Delhi: Anmol Publications.

  • Kamath, M. V. (1995). The Journalist's Hand Book. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House.

  • Rich, C. (2012). Writing and Reporting News: A Coaching Method. Belmont CA: Wadsworth

  • Roy, B. (2012). Beginner's Guide to Journalism & Mass Communication. Delhi: Pustak Mahal.

  • Smith, P., & Lefley, C. (2016). Rethinking photography: Histories, theories, and education. London: Routledge.

Evaluation Pattern

 

Evaluation Pattern

CIA1

MSE*

CIA3

ESE **

Attendance

Weightage

20

25

(Departmental Level Assessment)

20

30

(Departmental Level Assessment)

05

*MSE – Mid Semester Exam      *MSE is written examination

**ESE – End Semester Exam   **ESE assessment is based on submission

BBS191C - MAHABHARATHA AND MODERN MANAGEMENT (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Course Description:

The Mahabharata of the great Maharishi Veda Vyasa is a treasure trove of knowledge, principles and paradigms. It is written that what is not in the Mahabharata will not be found elsewhere. Written nearly thousands of years ago, the Mahabharata is as yet a source of knowledge, especially modern management principles.In essence it highlights the victory of Dharma in times of Adharma.This subject is a comprehensive learning on management lessons which can be inferred from the great epic. It gives a clear understanding and comparison of management Principles, practices and the various functions of management with the epic. The syllabus is structured to provide basic conceptual knowledge on the principles of management. It also deals with behavioral issues in the individual processes, group and interpersonal processes.

Course Objectives:

  •  Discuss the epic by summarizing the various parvas/units in class in accordance with the management concept
  •  Review and make a critical estimate of the epic with a focus on morals, ethics, legal and management concepts
  • To develop competencies and knowledge of students to become effective professionals

Learning Outcome

Course Learning Outcome: Students will get to know team work and group dynamics

  • Students will get to know determination and hard work and its implication on business decision
  • Students will be able to appreciate the role of general management for the success of an organization.
  • This subject will enable them to enhance their Moral, social, ethical and professional skills
  • To understand the manner in which strategic and competitive advantage is developed

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
Introduction to Mahabharatha
 

The older generations-The Pandava and Kaurava princes- Lakshagraha (the house of lac)

Establishment of the kingdom-Administration and Management principles

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
Marriage and Building of New city
 

Marriage to Draupadi- An event study approach.

Indraprastha-A new beginning- Pressure for change – Change process, Types of change, Factors influencing change, Resistance to change

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
The Big Game
 

The dice game- Cooperative strategies & Reasons for strategic alliances-

Exile and return- Risks and costs of strategic alliances

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
The battle at Kurukshetra
 

The battle at Kurukshetra - Strategic Planning and Management- levels at which strategy operates- Event approaches to strategic decision making,

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
Post Kurukshetra
 

The end of the Pandavas- Succession Planning,Authority and Responsibility

The reunion Organizing- Choosing the organizational structure

 

Text Books And Reference Books:

Stoner, Freeman, Gilbert Jr. (2014). Management (6th edition), New Delhi: Prentice Hall India.

Rao, V.S.P., & Krishna, V.H., (2011). Strategic Management: Text and Cases. New Delhi: Excel Books.

Pratap Chandra Roy ,The complete Mahabharata translated into English prose directly from the original sanskrit text.(1st Edition) oriental publishing co.

Source: Jaya - An Illustrated Retelling of the Mahabharata

 

 

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

C Rajagopalachari (2017). Mahabharata (63rdedition), Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.

 

Evaluation Pattern

CIA 1 10 Marks

MSE   30 Marks

CIA 3 10 Marks

End Assesment 50 Marks

BBS191D - INTRODUCTION TO EXISTENTIALISM (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This course is an introduction to the primary figures and themes of existentialism. Although Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the few thinkers who readily adopted the word “existentialism” (along with de Beauvoir and Marcel), the term eventually was used to describe the entire tradition of European thought that dominated the first part twentieth-century, and focused on the analysis of human existence. The readings in the course will focus on three groups of thinkers: the nineteenth-century precursors to existentialism (Dostoyevsky, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche), the German thinkers who laid the groundwork for existential thought (Kafka, Heidegger, Jaspers), and the French thinkers who were most identified with the movement (Sartre, de Beauvoir, Camus). The lectures and discussions will focus primarily on a close reading of the selected primary texts.

Learning Outcome

·         To enable students to understand life and discover meaning in life

·         To incite  critical thinking among students to search for meaning

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:7
Introduction to Existentialism
 

Nineteenth-Century Precursors to Existentialism:  Pascal, Dostoyevsky,

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:8
The Existentialism Philosophy
 

Kierkegaard: Fear and Trembling, Nietzsche: The Will to Power, The Critique of Morality, Nihilism, The Transvaluation of Values

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:12
German Existentialism: Kafka, Heidegger, Jaspers
 

Kafka: Three Parables, Heidegger: The Way Back into the Ground of Metaphysics, Jaspers: Existenzphilosophie

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:12
French Existentialism: Sartre, de Beauvoir, Camus
 

Sartre: Being and Nothingness, Negation, In-Itself, For-Itself, Freedom and Anguish, Bad Faith, Being-for-Others, De Beauvoir: The Second Sex, introduction, Myth and Reality, The Independent Woman, Sartre: Existentialism is Humanism, Camus: The Myth of Sisyphus

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:6
The Death Camps
 

Primo Levi, Survival in Auschwitz and implications of existentialism in the contemporary word. The relevance of Existentialism today.

Text Books And Reference Books:

 

·         In Kaufmann, W. (1956). Existentialism: From Dostoevsky to Sartre. New York: Meridian Books.

 

·         Kierkegaard, S., Evans, C. S., & Walsh, S. (2006). Fear and trembling. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

·         Sartre, J.-P. (1966). Being and nothingness: An essay on phenomenological ontology. New York: Washington Square Press.

 

·         Beauvoir, Simone de, 1908-1986. (2009). The second sex. London :Jonathan Cape,

 

·         Levi, P., Woolf, S. J., & Roth, P. (1996). Survival in Auschwitz: The Nazi assault on humanity.

 

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Reynods, Jack, Understanding Existentialism, Chesham, 2006

Evaluation Pattern

Book Review : 10 Marks

Drama (On the theme of Existetialism) - 30 Marks

Mid Semester : 20 Marks

End Semester: 30 Marks

BBS191E - TOURISM, CULTURE, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (2019 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description