CHRIST (Deemed to University), BangaloreDEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND ELECTRONICSSchool of Sciences 

Syllabus for

1 Semester  2023  Batch  
Course Code 
Course 
Type 
Hours Per Week 
Credits 
Marks 
MPH131  CLASSICAL MECHANICS  Core Courses  4  4  100 
MPH132  ANALOG AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS  Core Courses  4  4  100 
MPH133  QUANTUM MECHANICS  I  Core Courses  4  4  100 
MPH134  MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS  I  Core Courses  4  4  100 
MPH151  GENERAL PHYSICS LAB  I  Core Courses  4  2  100 
MPH152  GENERAL ELECTRONICS LAB  Core Courses  4  2  100 
MPH181  RESEARCH METHODOLOGY  Skill Enhancement Courses  2  2  50 
2 Semester  2023  Batch  
Course Code 
Course 
Type 
Hours Per Week 
Credits 
Marks 
MPH231  STATISTICAL PHYSICS  Core Courses  4  04  100 
MPH232  ELECTRODYNAMICS  Core Courses  4  4  100 
MPH233  QUANTUM MECHANICS  II  Core Courses  4  4  100 
MPH234  MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS  II  Core Courses  4  4  100 
MPH251  GENERAL PHYSICS LAB  II  Core Courses  4  2  100 
MPH252  COMPUTATIONAL METHODS LAB USING PYTHON  Core Courses  4  2  100 
MPH281  STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES IN RESEARCH AND PROFESSIONAL ETHICS  Skill Enhancement Courses  2  2  50 
3 Semester  2022  Batch  
Course Code 
Course 
Type 
Hours Per Week 
Credits 
Marks 
MPH331  NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS  Core Courses  4  4  100 
MPH332  SOLID STATE PHYSICS  Core Courses  4  4  100 
MPH333  ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND LASER PHYSICS  Core Courses  4  4  100 
MPH341A  FUNDAMENTALS OF MATERIALS SCIENCE  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  4  100 
MPH341B  ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL SYSTEM  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  4  100 
MPH341C  INTRODUCTION TO ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  4  100 
MPH341D  HARVESTING SOLAR ENERGY  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  04  100 
MPH351  GENERAL PHYSICS LAB  III  Core Courses  4  2  100 
MPH352A  MATERIAL SCIENCE LAB  I  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  2  100 
MPH352B  ELECTRONICS LAB  I  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  2  100 
MPH352C  ASTROPHYSICS LAB  I  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  2  100 
MPH352D  ENERGY SCIENCE LABI  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  2  100 
MPH381A  DISSERTATION  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  8  4  100 
MPH381B  TEACHING METHODOLOGY  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  8  4  100 
4 Semester  2022  Batch  
Course Code 
Course 
Type 
Hours Per Week 
Credits 
Marks 
MPH431  SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES  Core Courses  4  4  100 
MPH441A  ADVANCED MATERIALS AND SYNTHESIS STRATEGIES  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  4  100 
MPH441B  PHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  4  100 
MPH441C  STELLAR ASTROPHYSICS  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  4  100 
MPH441D  HARVESTING WIND, OCEAN, BIOMASS AND GEOTHERMAL ENERGY  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  04  100 
MPH442A  MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION TECHNIQUES  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  4  100 
MPH442B  ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  4  100 
MPH442C  GALACTIC ASTRONOMY AND COSMOLOGY  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  4  100 
MPH442D  ENERGY STORAGE AND MANAGEMENT  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  04  100 
MPH451A  MATERIAL SCIENCE LAB  II  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  2  100 
MPH451B  ELECTRONICS LAB  II  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  2  100 
MPH451C  ASTROPHYSICS LAB  II  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  2  100 
MPH451D  ENERGY SCIENCE LABII  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  4  2  100 
MPH481A  DISSERTATION  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  8  4  100 
MPH481B  TEACHING TECHNOLOGY  Discipline Specific Elective Courses  8  4  100 
MPH482  COMPREHENSIVE VIVAVOCE  Core Courses  0  2  50 
 
Introduction to Program:  
The postgraduate programme in physics helps to provide in depth knowledge of the subject which is supplemented with tutorials, brainstorming ideas and problemsolving efforts pertaining to each theory and practical course. The twoyear MSc programme offers 16 theory papers and 7 laboratory modules, in addition to the foundation courses and guided project spreading over four semesters. Foundation courses and seminars are introduced to help the students to achieve holistic development and to prepare themselves to face the world outside in a dignified manner. Study tour to reputed national laboratories, research institutions and industries, under the supervision of the department is part of the curriculum.  
Programme Outcome/Programme Learning Goals/Programme Learning Outcome: PO1: Understand and apply the fundamental principles, concepts and methods in Physics and allied areas.PO2: Develop critical thinking with scientific temper and enhance problem solving, analytical and logical skills. PO3: Communicate the subject effectively PO4: Understand the professional, ethical and social responsibilities PO5: Enhance the research culture and uphold the scientific integrity and objectivity PO6: Engage in continuous reflective learning in the context of technological and scientific advancements. PO7: To develop the entrepreneurship skills through technically enhanced research environments. Programme Specific Outcome: PSO1: Become professionally trained in the area of Astrophysics, Nanomaterials, Energy Science, and Material Science.PSO2: Understanding the basic concepts of physics, particularly concepts in classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, electrodynamics and electronics, to appreciate how diverse phenomena observed in nature follow fundamental physical principles. PSO3: Design and perform experiments in basic as well as advanced areas of physics. PSO4: Develop proficiency in oral and written communication skills PSO5: To advance the skills in modelling and simulations of physical phenomena using industrially and academically relevant software. To develop the entrepreneurship skills through careful planning and execution of research projects and publications. Programme Educational Objective: PEO1: The postgraduate programme in physics helps to provide in depth knowledge of the subject which is supplemented with tutorials, brainstorming ideas and problemsolving efforts pertaining to each theory and practical course.  
Assesment Pattern  
 
Examination And Assesments  
Continuous internal assessment (CIA) forms 50% and the end semester examination forms the other 50% of the marks in both theory and practical. For the Holistic and Seminar course, there is no end semester examination and hence the mark is awarded through CIA. CIA marks are awarded based on their performance in assignments (written material to be submitted and valued), midsemester test (MST), and class assignments (Quiz, presentations, problem solving etc.). The midsemester examination and the end semester examination for each theory paper will be for three hours duration. The CIA for practical sessions is done on a day to day basis depending on their performance in the prelab, the conduct of the experiment, and presentation of lab reports. Only those students who qualify with minimum required attendance and CIA will be allowed to appear for the end semester examination.
Examination pattern for theory
EndSemester Exam [ESE]
• A student is eligible to appear for the ESE only if she/he has put in 85% of attendance and satisfactory performance in the continuous internal assessment.
• The question paper shall be set for 100 marks. These marks will then be reduced to 50% of the total marks assigned for the paper.
• There is no provision for taking improvement exams. If a student fails in an ESE paper, he can take the exam again the next time it is offered.
• The practical examination shall be conducted with an internal (batch teacher) and an external examiner.
Examination pattern for practical

MPH131  CLASSICAL MECHANICS (2023 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:4 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

The course enables students to understand the basic concepts of Newtonian mechanics and introduce other formulations (Lagrange, Hamilton, Poisson) to solve trivial problems. The course also includes constraints, rotating frames, central force, Kepler problems, canonical transformation and their generating functions, small oscillations and rigid body dynamics. 

Course Outcome 

CO1: Understand and conceptualize the forces acting on static and dynamic bodies and their resultants. CO2: Solve problems related to damped, undamped and forced vibrations acting on molecules, as well as rigid bodies undergoing oscillations. CO3: Apply mathematical concepts like Poisson brackets and canonical transformations to classical systems. CO4: Apply Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism to other branches of physics. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:15 

Constraints and Lagrangian formulation


Mechanics of a particle, mechanics of a system of particles, constraints and their classification, principle of virtual work, D’Alembert’s principle, Generalized coordinates, Lagrange’s equations of motion, applications of Lagrangian formulation (simple pendulum, Atwood’s machine, bead sliding in a wire), cyclic coordinates, concept of symmetry, homogeneity and isotropy, invariance under Galilean transformations.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:15 

Rotating Frames of Reference and Central Force


Rotating frames, inertial forces in the rotating frame, effects of Coriolis force, Foucault’s pendulum, Central force: definition and examples, Twobody central force problem, classification of orbits, stability of circular orbits, condition for closure of orbits, Kepler’s laws, Virial theorem, applications.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:15 

Canonical Transformation, Poisson Bracket and Hamilton's Equations of motion


Canonical transformations, generating functions, conditions of canonical transformation, examples, Legendre’s dual transformation, Hamilton’s function, Hamilton’s equation of motion, properties of Hamiltonian and Hamilton’s equations of motion, Poisson Brackets, properties of Poisson bracket, elementary PB’s, Poisson’s theorem, JacobiPoisson theorem on PBs, Invariance of PB under canonical transformations, PBs involving angular momentum, principle of Least action, Hamilton’s principle, derivation of Hamilton’s equations of motion from Hamilton’s principle, HamiltonJacobi equation. Solution of simple harmonic oscillator by HamiltonJacobi method.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:15 

Small Oscillations and Rigid Body Dynamics


Types of equilibrium and the potential at equilibrium, Lagrange’s equations for small oscillations using generalized coordinates, normal modes, vibrations of carbon dioxide molecule, forced and damped oscillations, resonance, degrees of freedom of a free rigid body, angular momentum, Euler’s equation of motion for rigid body, time variation of rotational kinetic energy, Rotation of a free rigid body, Eulerian angles, Motion of a heavy symmetric top rotating about a fixed point in the body under the action of gravity.  
Text Books And Reference Books: [1]. Goldstein, H. (2001). Classical mechanics (3^{rd} ed.): Addison Wesley. [2]. Aruldhas, G. (2008). Classical mechanics : Prentice Hall India Learning Private Limited [3]. Rana, N. C., & Joag, P. S. (1994). Classical mechanics. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill.
 
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading [1]. Greiner, W. (2004). Classical mechanics: System of particles and Hamiltonian dynamics. New York: SpringerVerlag. [2]. Barger, V., & Olsson, M. (1995). Classical mechanics  A modern perspective (2^{nd} ed.): Tata McGraw Hill. [3]. Gupta, K. C. (1988). Classical mechanics of particles and rigid bodies: Wiley Eastern Ltd. [4]. Takwale, R. G., & Puranik, P. S. (1983). Introduction to classical mechanics. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill.  
Evaluation Pattern
 
MPH132  ANALOG AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS (2023 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 

Max Marks:100 
Credits:4 

Course Objectives/Course Description 

This module introduces the students to the applications of analog and digital integrated circuits. First part of the module deals with the operational amplifier, linear applications of opamp., active filters, oscillators, nonlinear applications of opamp, timer and voltage regulators. The second part deals with digital circuits which expose the logic gates, encoders and decoders, flipflops registers and counters. 

Course Outcome 

CO1: Learner will be able to understand the various configurations of linear circuits with OPamp CO2: Students will be able to get the glimpses of designing of various operational amplifier circuits. CO3: Learner will be able to understand the various configurations of digital circuits with combinational logic CO 4: Students will be able to get the glimpses of designing of various sequential circuits and practical applications of it 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:15 

Linear applications of opamp


The ideal opamp  characteristics of an opamp., the ideal opamp., Equivalent circuit of an opamp., Voltage series feedback amplifier  voltage gain, input resistance and output resistance, Voltage follower. Voltage shunt feedback amplifier  virtual ground, voltage gain, input resistance and output resistance, Current to voltage converter. Differential amplifier with one opamp. voltage gain, input resistance. Linear applications: AC amplifier, AC amplifier with single supply voltage, Summing amplifier, Inverting and noninverting amplifier, Differential summing amplifier, Instrumentation amplifier using transducer bridge, The integrator, The differentiator.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:15 

Nonlinear applications of opamp.


Active filters and oscillators: First order low pass filter, Second order low pass filter, First order high pass filter, Second order high pass filter, Phase shift Oscillator, Wienbridge oscillator, Square wave generator. Nonlinear circuits: Comparator, Schmitt trigger, Digital to analog converter with weighted resistors and R2R resistors, Positive and negative clippers, Small signal half wave rectifier, Positive and negative clampers.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:15 

Combinational digital circuits


Logic gates  basic gates  OR, AND, NOT, NOR gates, NAND gates, Boolean laws and theorems (Review only). Karnaugh map, Simplification of SOP equations, Simplification of POS equations, Exclusive OR gates. Combinational circuits: Multiplexer, Demultiplexer, 116 decoder, BCD to decimal decoder, Seven segment decoder, Encoder, Half adder, Full adder  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:15 

Sequential digital circuits


Flip flops: RS flipflop, Clocked RS flipflop, Edge triggered RS flipflop, D flipflop, JK flipflop, JK masterslave flipflop. Registers: Serial input serial output shift register, Serial input parallel output shift register, Parallel input serial output shift register, Parallel input parallel output shift register, Ring counter. Counters: Ripple counter, Decoding gates, Synchronous counter, Decade counter, Shift counter  Johnson counter.  
Text Books And Reference Books: [1]. Gayakwad, R. A. (2002). Opamps. and linear integrated circuits. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India. [2]. Leach, D. P., & Malvino, A. P. (2002). Digital principles and applications. New York: Tata McGraw Hill.  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading [1]. Anand Kumar, A. (2018). Fundamental of digital circuits. New Delhi, PrenticeHall of India. [2]. Morris Mano, M. (2018). Digital logic and computer design: Pearson India. [3]. Jain, R. P. (1997). Modern digital electronics. New York: Tata McGraw Hill.  
Evaluation Pattern
 
MPH133  QUANTUM MECHANICS  I (2023 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 

Max Marks:100 
Credits:4 

Course Objectives/Course Description 

Course description: This course being an essential component in understanding the behaviour of fundamental constituents of matter is divided into two modules spreading over first and second semesters. The first module is intended to familiarize the students with the basics of quantum mechanics, exactly solvable eigenvalue problems, time independent perturbation theory and time dependent perturbation theory. Course Objectives: On successful completion of this course the student will be able to: ● Employ the basic principles of quantum mechanics to wave functions to calculate the observables ● Solve timedependent and timeindependent Schrödinger equation for simple potentials ● Apply the timeindependent perturbation theory and timedependent perturbation theory to solve simple problems
● Describe the scattering theory and its applications 

Course Outcome 

CO1: Acquire basic knowledge of Quantum Mechanics and bring out various operators and functions to apprehend the quantum mechanical systems. CO2: Learn to differentiate between bound and unbound states of a system. Develop the skills and techniques to solve eigenvalue problems such as particle in a box, potential step, potential barrier, rigid rotator, hydrogen atom, etc. CO3: Understand the first and second order perturbation theories and variational method, and apply them to different cases to solve for eigen functions and eigen values. CO4: Study various parameters used in scattering and use approximation methods to describe the low and highenergy scattering. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:15 
Basics of quantum mechanics


Review  origin of quantum mechanics (particle aspects, wave aspects and waveparticle duality), uncertainty principle, Schrodinger equation, time evolution of a wave packet, probability density, probability current density, continuity equation, orthogonality and normalization of the wave function, box normalization, admissibility conditions on the wave function, Operators, Hermitian operators, Poisson brackets and commutators, Eigen values, Eigen functions, postulates of quantum mechanics, expectation values, Ehrenfest theorems.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:20 
Exactly solvable eigenvalue problems


Bound and unbound systems. Application of time independent Schrodinger wave equation  Potential step, rectangular potential barriers  reflection and transmission coefficient, barrier penetration; particle in a one dimensional box and in a cubical box, density of states; one dimensional linear harmonic oscillator  evaluation of expectation values of x2 and px2; Orbital angular momentum operators  expressions in cartesian and polar coordinates, eigenvalue and eigenfunctions, spherical harmonics, Rigid rotator, Hydrogen atom  solution of radial equation.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:15 
Approximation methods


Time independent perturbation theory First and second order perturbation theory applied to nondegenerate case; first order perturbation theory for degenerate case, application to normal Zeeman effect and Stark effect in hydrogen atom.
Time dependent perturbation theory  First order perturbation, Harmonic perturbation, Fermi’s golden rule, Adiabatic approximation method, Sudden approximation method  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:10 
Scattering theory


Scattering crosssection, Differential and total crosssection, Born approximation for the scattering amplitude, scattering by spherically symmetric potentials, screened coulomb potential, Partial wave analysis for scattering amplitude, expansion of a plane wave into partial waves, phase shift, crosssection expansion, swave scattering by a square well, optical theorem.  
Text Books And Reference Books:
 
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
 
Evaluation Pattern
 
MPH134  MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS  I (2023 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 
Max Marks:100 
Credits:4 
Course Objectives/Course Description 

A sound mathematical background is essential to understand and appreciate the principles of physics. This module is intended to make the students familiar with the applications of tensors and matrices, Special functions, partial differential equations and integral transformations, Green’s functions and integral equations. 

Course Outcome 

CO1: By the end of the course the student will be able to understand concepts like vectors and tensors and their application in real life problems CO2: Apply the knowledge of special functions to solve specific second order differential equations representing physical systems CO3: Use Fourier and Laplace transform methods to solve differential equations in physics CO4: Apply the knowledge of Green?s function and integral equations in learning the dynamics of physical systems using quantum mechanics 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:15 

Vector analysis and tensors


Vectors and matrices: Review (vector algebra and vector calculus, gradient, divergence & curl), transformation of vectors, rotation of the coordinate axes, invariance of the scalar and vector products under rotations, Vector integration, Line, surface and volume integrals  Stoke’s, Gauss’s and Green’s theorems (Problems), Vector analysis in curved coordinate, special coordinate system  circular, cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates, linear algebra matrices, CayleyHamilton theorem, eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Tensors: Definition of tensors, Kronecker delta, contravariant and covariant tensors, direct product, contraction, inner product, quotient rule, symmetric and antisymmetric tensors, metric tensor, Levi Cevita symbol, simple applications of tensors in nonrelativistic physics.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:15 

Special functions


Beta and Gamma functions, different forms of beta and gamma functions. Dirac delta function. Kronecker delta, Power series method for ordinary differential equations, Series solution for Legendre equation, Legendre polynomials and their properties, Series solution for Bessel equation, Bessel and Neumann functions and their properties, Series solution for Laguerre equation, it's solutions and properties (generating function, recurrence relations and orthogonality properties for all functions).  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:15 

Partial differential equations and integral transforms


Method of separation of variables, the wave equation, Laplace equation in cartesian, cylindrical and spherical polar coordinates, heat conduction equations and their solutions in one, two and three dimensions. Review of Fourier series, Fourier integrals, Fourier transform, Properties of Fourier sine and cosine transforms, applications. Laplace transformations, properties, convolution theorem, inverse Laplace transform, Evaluation of Laplace transforms and applications.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:15 

Green?s functions and integral equations


Dirac delta function, properties of Dirac delta function, three dimensional delta functions, boundary value problems, SturmLiouville differential operator, Green’s function of one dimensional problems, discontinuity in the derivative of Green’s functions, properties of Green’s functions, Construction of Green’s functions in special cases and solutions of inhomogeneous differential equations, Green’s function symmetry of Green’s function, eigenfunction expansion of Green’s functions, Green’s function for Poisson equation. Linear integral equations of first and second kind, Relationship between integral and differential equations, Solution of Fredholm and Volterra equations by Neumann series method.  
Text Books And Reference Books: [1]. Arfken, G. B., Weber, H. J., & Harris, F. E. (2013). Mathematical methods for physicists (7th ed.): Academic Press. [2]. Dass, H. K. (2008). Mathematical physics. New Delhi: S. Chand and Sons. [3]. Prakash, S. (2004). Mathematical physics. New Delhi: S. Chand and Sons.  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading [4]. Riley, K. F., Hobson, M. P, & Bence, S. J. (2006). Mathematical methods for physics and engineering (3rd ed.): Cambridge University Press. [5]. Mathews, J., & Walker, R. (2006). Mathematical physics: Benjamin, Pearson Education. [6]. Kryszig, E. (2005). Advanced engineering mathematics: JohnWiley. [7]. Hassani, S. (2000). Mathematical methods for students of physics and related fields: Springer. [8]. Joshi, A W. (1995). Tensor analysis: New Age International Publishers. [9]. Chattopadhyaya, P. K. (1990). Mathematical physics: Wiley Eastern. [10]. Boas, M. L. (1983). Mathematical methods in the physical sciences (2nd ed.): JohnWiley [11]. Spiegel, M. R. (1974). Theory and problems of vector analysis (Schaum’s outline series):McGrawHill Publishing Co. [12]. Piper, L. A. (1958): Applied mathematics for engineers and physicists. New York: McGrawHill.  
Evaluation Pattern Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) forms 50% and the End Semester Examination forms the other 50% of the marks with total of 100%. CIA marks are awarded based on their performance in assignments, MidSemester Test (MST), and Class assignments (Quiz, presentations, problem solving, MCQ test etc.). The midsemester examination and the end semester examination for each theory paper will be for two and threehours duration respectively. CIA 1: Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations before MST  10 marks. CIA 2: MidSem Test (Centralized), 2 hours  50 marks to be converted to 25 marks. CIA 3: Assignment /quiz/ group task / presentations after MST  10 marks. CIA 4: Attendance (7679 = 1, 8084 = 2, 8589 = 3, 9094 = 4, 95100 = 5)  maximum of 5 marks.
 
MPH151  GENERAL PHYSICS LAB  I (2023 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 

Max Marks:100 
Credits:2 

Course Objectives/Course Description 

Experiments are selected to improve the understanding of students about mechanical, magnetic, optical and basic electronic properties of materils.


Course Outcome 

CO1: Gain practical knowledge about the mechanical, magnetic properties (BH loop and Curie temperature), optical properties (interference) and electronics properties (band gap and IV characteristics) of materials. CO2: Gain the basic skills needed to start entrepreneurship pertaining to local and regional needs. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:30 

Cycle1


1. Elastic constants of glass plate by Cornu's interference method. (Online/Offline) 2. Study of thermoemf and verification of thermoelectric laws (Onlilne/Offline) 3. Wavelength of iron arc spectral lines using constant deviation spectrometer. (Offline) 4. Energy gap of the semiconducting material used in a PN junction. (Offline) 5. Characteristics of a solar cell. (Online/Offline) 6. Stefan’s constant of radiation. (Offline) 7. Study of hydrogen spectra and determination of Rydberg constant (Offline)  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:30 

Cycle2


1. Relaxation time constant of a serial bulb. (Offline) 2. e/m by Millikan’s oil drop method. (Online) 3. Study of elliptically polarized light by using photovoltaic cell. (Offline) 4. Study of absorption of light in different liquid media using photovoltaic cell. (Offline/Online) 5. Determination of Curie temperature of a given ferro magnetic material. (Offline) 6. Determination of energy loss during magnetization and demagnetization by means of BH loop. (Online/Offline)  
Text Books And Reference Books: 1. Worsnop, B. L.,& Flint, H. T. (1984). Advanced practical physics for students. New Delhi: Asia Publishing house. 2. Sears, F. W., Zemansky, M. W.,& Young, H. D. (1998). University physics(6^{th}ed.): Narosa Publishing House.  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading 3. Chadda, S.,& Mallikarjun Rao, S. P. (1979). Determination of ultrasonic velocity in liquids using optical diffraction by short acoustic pulses: Am. J. Phys. Vol. 47, Page. 464. 4. Collings, P. J. (1980). Simple measurement of the band gap in silicon and germanium, Am. J. Phys., Vol. 48, Page. 197. 5. Fischer, C. W. (1982). Elementary technique to measure the energy band gap and diffusion potential of pn junctions: Am. J. Phys., Vol. 50, Page. 1103.  
Evaluation Pattern
 
MPH152  GENERAL ELECTRONICS LAB (2023 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 

Max Marks:100 
Credits:2 

Course Objectives/Course Description 

Electronics being an integral part of Physics, electronics lab is dedicated to experiments related to electronic components and circuits. The experiments are selected to make the students familiar with the commonly used electronic components and their application in electronic circuits. During the course, the students will learn to use various electronic measuring instruments for measuring different parameters. 

Course Outcome 

CO1: The students will get a practical knowledge about basic electronic circuits based on linear operational amplifiers. CO2: The module glimpses of designing of various combinational and sequential circuits. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:30 

Cycle1


 
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:30 

Cycle2


 
Text Books And Reference Books:
 
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
 
Evaluation Pattern
 
MPH181  RESEARCH METHODOLOGY (2023 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:2 

Max Marks:50 
Credits:2 

Course Objectives/Course Description 

Course description: The research methodology module is intended to assist students in planning and carrying out research projects. The students are exposed to the principles, procedures and techniques of implementing a research project. In this module the students are exposed to elementary scientific methods, design and execution of experiments, analysis and reporting of experimental data. Units I and II caters to local and national needs. Course Outcomes: This course enables the students to ● Understand the basic concept of research methodology ● Differentiate between research methods and methodology ● Understand different stages of research methodology
● Write reports/documents/articles/presentations in Latex 

Course Outcome 

CO1: Understand the basics of research methodology, types of research, research approaches, and research methods. CO2: Acquire knowledge and skills related to research design, define research problems, and evaluate the criteria of good research. CO3: Develop skills in literature review and documentation, and use document preparation systems such as Latex, beamer, and Overleaf. CO4: Develop proficiency in thesis writing. 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:15 

Research Methodology


Introduction  meaning of research  objectives of research  motivation in research, types of research  research approaches  significance of research research methods versus methodology  research and scientific method, importance of knowing how research is done  research processes  criteria of good research  defining research problem  selecting the problem, necessity of defining the problem  techniques involved in defining a problem  research design  meaning of research design  need for research design  features of good design, different research designs  basic principles of experimental design. Resources for research  research skills  time management, role of supervisor and scholar  interaction with subject experts. Thesis Writing: The preliminary pages and the introduction  the literature review, methodology  the data analysis  the conclusions, the references (IEEE format)
 
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:15 

Review of literature and documentation


Literature review: Significance of review of literature  source for literature: books journals  proceedings  thesis and dissertations  unpublished items. Online Searching: Database – SciFinder – Scopus  Science Direct  Searching research articles  Citation index  Impact factor  hindex etc. Document preparation system: Latex, beamer, Overleaf  Writing scientific report  structure and components of research report  revision and refining’  writing project proposal  paper writing for international journals, submitting to editors  conference presentation  preparation of effective slides, graphs  citation styles.  
Text Books And Reference Books: [1].Kothari, C. R. (2009). Research methodology methods and techniques (2nd ed.). New Delhi: New Age International Publishers.
[2].Panneerselvam, R. (2005). Research methodology. New Delhi: PHI.  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading [3]. Creswell, J. W, (2008). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.): Sage Publications. [4].Kumar, R. (2005). Research methodology: A step by step guide for beginners (2nd ed.): SAGE Publications Ltd. [5].Gregory, I. (2005). Ethics in research:Bloomsbury Publishing PLC. [6].Nakra, B. C., & Chaudhry, K. K. (2005). Instrumentation, measurement and analysis (2nd ed.). New Delhi: TMH Publishing Co. Ltd. [7]. Oliver, P. (2004). Writing your thesis. New Delhi: Vistaar Publications.
[8]. Mittelbach, F., & Goossens, M. (2004), The LATEX Companion: AddisonWesley Professional.  
Evaluation Pattern
 
MPH231  STATISTICAL PHYSICS (2023 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 

Max Marks:100 
Credits:04 

Course Objectives/Course Description 

This course develops basic concepts of statistical mechanics, statistical interpretation of thermodynamics and various ensembles. The course also introduces various methods used in statistical mechanics to study BoseEinstein and FermiDirac systems. Numerous examples illustrating a wide variety of physical phenomena such as magnetism, polyatomic gases, superfluidity, electrons in solids, and phase transitions are discussed. 

Course Outcome 

The students will be able to

Unit1 
Teaching Hours:15 

Basic concepts


Introduction, phase space, ensembles (microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles), ensemble average, Liouville theorem, conservation of extension in phase space, condition for statistical equilibrium, microcanonical ensemble, ideal gas. Quantum picture: Microcanonical ensemble, quantization of phase space, basic postulates, classical limit, symmetry of wave functions, effect of symmetry on counting, distribution laws.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:15 

Ensembles and Partition Functions


Gibb’s paradox and its resolution, Canonical ensemble, entropy of a system in contact with a heat reservoir, ideal gas in canonical ensemble, Maxwell velocity distribution, equipartition theorem of energy, Grand canonical ensemble, ideal gas in grand canonical ensemble, comparison of various ensembles. Canonical partition function, molecular partition function, translational partition function, rotational partition function, application of rotational partition function, application of vibrational partition function to solids.  
Unit3 
Teaching Hours:15 

Ideal BoseEinstein and FermiDirac gases


BoseEinstein distribution, Applications, BoseEinstein condensation, thermodynamic properties of an ideal BoseEinstein gas, liquid helium, two fluid model of liquid heliumII, FermiDirac (FD) distribution, degeneracy, electrons in metals, thermionic emission, magnetic susceptibility of free electrons. Application to white dwarfs, high temperature limits of BE and FD statistics.  
Unit4 
Teaching Hours:15 

Phase transitions & Nonequilibrium states


First order and second order phase transitions: Phase diagrams, phase equilibria and phase transitions, Order parameter, Critical exponents. 1D Ising model, Elementary ideas on Ising and Heisenberg models of ferromagnetism. Diffusion equation: random walk and Brownian motion; introduction to nonequilibrium processes, Boltzmann transport equation.
 
Text Books And Reference Books:
[1]. Pathria, R. K. (2006). Statistical mechanics (2^{nd} ed.): Butterworth Heinemann. [2]. Agarwal, B. K., & Eisner, M. (1998). Statistical mechanics (2^{nd} ed.): New Age International Publishers. [3]. Cowan B. (2005). Topics in Statistical Mechanics: Imperial College Press.  
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
[4]. Salinas, R. A. (2006). Introduction to statistical physics: Springer. [5]. Bhattacharjee, J. K., (1997). Statistical physics: Equilibrium and monequilibrium aspects: Allied Publishers Ltd. [6]. Huang, K. (1991). Statistical mechanics: Wiley Eastern Limited. [7]. Reif, F. (1985). Statistical and thermal physics: McGraw Hill International. [8]. Gopal, E. S. R. (1976). Statistical mechanics and properties of matter: Macmillan.  
Evaluation Pattern
 
MPH232  ELECTRODYNAMICS (2023 Batch)  
Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60 
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4 

Max Marks:100 
Credits:4 

Course Objectives/Course Description 

This course has been conceptualized in order to give students to get exposure to the fundamentals of Electrodynamics. Students will be introduced to the topics such as Electrostatics, Magnetostatics, Electromagnetic waves, Propagation of wave through waveguide, Electromagnetic radiation and relativistic electrodynamics. 

Course Outcome 

CO1: By the end of the course the learner will be able to learn the unification of electric and magnetic fields CO2: Learner will be introduced to the concept of wave propagation in different media CO3: Learner will be introduced to the concept of TEM wave propagation in waveguide and potential formulation CO4: Learners will be able to understand the relativistics concept in the potential formulation and revisit of Maxwell's equation in terms of relativistic dynamics 
Unit1 
Teaching Hours:15 
Electrostatics and magnetostatics


Electrostatics:Review of electrostatics, Electrostatic boundary conditions, Poisson’s equation and Laplace’s equation, uniqueness theorem. Solution to Laplace’s equation in a) Cartesian coordinates, applications: i) rectangular box and ii) parallel plate condenser, b) spherical coordinates, applications: potential outside a charged conducting sphere and c) cylindrical coordinates, applications: potential between two coaxial charged conducting cylinders. Method of images: Potential and field due to a point charge i) near an infinite conducting sphere and ii) in front of a grounded conducting sphere. Magnetostatics: Review of magnetostatics, Multipole expansion of the vector potential, diamagnets, paramagnets and ferromagnets, magnetic field inside matter, Ampere’s law in magnetized materials, Magnetic susceptibility and permeability.  
Unit2 
Teaching Hours:15 
Electromagnetic waves


Review of Maxwell’s equations, Maxwell’s equations in matter, Boundary conditions. Poynting’s theorem, wave equation, Electromagnetic waves in vacuum, energy and momentum in electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic waves in matter, Reflection and transmission at normal incidence, Reflection and transmission at oblique incidence. Electromagnetic waves in conductors, reflection at a conducting surface, and frequency dependence of permittivity. 