CHRIST (Deemed to University), Bangalore

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

School of Business and Management

Syllabus for
Bachelor of Technology (Electronics and Communication Engineering)
Academic Year  (2023)

 
3 Semester - 2022 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
CY321 CYBER SECURITY Skill Enhancement Courses 2 0 0
EC332 NETWORK ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS Core Courses 3 3 100
EC333P ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS Core Courses 5 4 100
EC334P DIGITAL ELECTRONICS Core Courses 5 4 100
EC335 ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS Core Courses 3 3 100
EC351 ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT LAB Core Courses 2 1 100
ECHO341CSP INTRODUCTION TO CRYPTOLOGY Minors and Honours 4 4 50
MA332 MATHEMATICS III Core Courses 3 3 100
4 Semester - 2022 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BS451 ENGINEERING BIOLOGY LABORATORY Core Courses 2 2 50
EC431P ANALOG ELECTRONICS Core Courses 5 4 100
EC432P ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION Core Courses 5 4 100
EC433 SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS Core Courses 3 3 100
EC434 COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND PROCESSORS Core Courses 3 3 100
EC435 COMPUTER NETWORKS Core Courses 3 3 100
ECHO441CS INTRODUCTION TO BLOCKCHAIN Minors and Honours 12 4 100
EVS421 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Skill Enhancement Courses 2 0 0
MA432 PROBABILITY AND QUEUING THEORY Core Courses 3 3 100
MICSAI432 DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHMS Minors and Honours 5 4 100
5 Semester - 2021 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
CSOE561E04 PYTHON FOR ENGINEERS Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 3 100
CSOE561E05 BASICS OF MACHINE LEARNING Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC531 CONTROL SYSTEMS Core Courses 3 3 100
EC532P DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING Core Courses 5 4 100
EC533P MICROCONTROLLER BASED SYSTEM DESIGN Core Courses 5 4 100
EC544E06 RELIABILITY OF ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS Discipline Specific Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC544E10 OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION Discipline Specific Elective Courses 3 3 100
EEOE531 HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 4 3 100
EEOE532 ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 4 3 100
EEOE533 SMART GRIDS Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 3 100
HS525 PROFESSIONAL ETHICS Core Courses 2 2 50
IC521 CONSTITUTION OF INDIA Skill Enhancement Courses 2 0 50
MICSAI533 FUNDAMENTALS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Minors and Honours 4 4 100
NCCOE1 NCC1 Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 3 100
VCSE514 CCNA: INTRODUCTION TO NETWORKS (ITN) - 4 0 100
6 Semester - 2021 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
BTGE631 CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE632 DIGITAL MEDIA Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE633 FUNCTIONAL ENGLISH Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE634 GERMAN Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE635 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE636 INTRODUCTION TO AVIATION Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE637 PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE651 DATA ANALYTICS THROUGH SPSS Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE652 DIGITAL MARKETING Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE653 DIGITAL WRITING Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE654 PHOTOGRAPHY Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE655 ACTING COURSE Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE656 CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE657 PAINTING AND SKETCHING Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
BTGE658 DESIGN THINKING Generic Elective Courses 2 2 100
EC631P VLSI DESIGN Core Courses 5 4 100
EC632P ANALOG AND DIGITAL COMMUNICATION Core Courses 5 4 100
EC635 SERVICE LEARNING Core Courses 2 2 100
EC643E02 ADVANCED DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN Electives 4 3 100
EC643E04 OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES Electives 3 3 100
HS621 PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND FINANCE Core Courses 3 3 100
MICSAI634 INTRODUCTION TO MACHINE LEARNING Minors and Honours 5 4 100
7 Semester - 2020 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
CEOE731 SUSTAINABLE AND GREEN TECHNOLOGY Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 3 100
CEOE732 AIR POLLUTION AND CONTROL Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 03 100
CEOE733 GIS AND REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES AND APPLICATIONS Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC741E01 ADVANCED MICROPROCESSOR Discipline Specific Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC741E05 ARM SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE Discipline Specific Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC742E06 INTERNET AND JAVA Discipline Specific Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC742E07 INTRODUCTION TO ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Discipline Specific Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC743E04 MICROSTRIP ANTENNAS Discipline Specific Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC743E09 RADAR AND NAVIGATIONAL AIDS Discipline Specific Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC744E07 ASIC DESIGN Discipline Specific Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC781 INTERNSHIP Project 2 2 50
EC782 PROJECT WORK PHASE I Project 12 6 100
HS725 PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND FINANCE Core Courses 3 3 100
MA736OE3 NUMERICAL SOLUTIONS OF DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 3 100
ME761E03 BASIC AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 3 100
ME761E05 BASIC AEROSPACE ENGINEERING Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 3 100
NCCOE2 NCC2 Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 3 100
PH736OE1 NANO MATERIALS AND NANOTECHNOLOGY Interdisciplinary Elective Courses 3 3 100
8 Semester - 2020 - Batch
Course Code
Course
Type
Hours Per
Week
Credits
Marks
EC841E08 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS AND IOT Discipline Specific Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC841E10 HIGH SPEED NETWORKS Discipline Specific Elective Courses 3 3 100
EC881 PROJECT WORK Project 12 6 100

CY321 - CYBER SECURITY (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30
No of Lecture Hours/Week:2
Max Marks:0
Credits:0

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This mandatory course is aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of the different facets of Cyber Security.  In addition, the course will detail into specifics of Cyber Security with Cyber Laws both in Global and Indian Legal environments

Course Outcome

CO1: Describe the basic security fundamentals and cyber laws and legalities

CO2: Describe various cyber security vulnerabilities and threats such as virus, worms, online attacks, Dos and others.

CO3: Explain the regulations and acts to prevent cyber-attacks such as Risk assessment and security policy management.

CO4: Explain various vulnerability assessment and penetration testing tools.

CO5: Explain various protection methods to safeguard from cyber-attacks using technologies like cryptography and Intrusion prevention systems.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:6
UNIT 1
 

Security Fundamentals-4 As Architecture Authentication Authorization Accountability, Social Media, Social Networking and Cyber Security.Cyber Laws, IT Act 2000-IT Act 2008-Laws for Cyber-Security, Comprehensive National Cyber-Security Initiative CNCI – Legalities

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:6
UNIT 2
 

Cyber Attack and Cyber Services Computer Virus – Computer Worms – Trojan horse.Vulnerabilities -  Phishing -  Online Attacks – Pharming - Phoarging  –  Cyber Attacks  -  Cyber Threats -  Zombie- stuxnet - Denial of Service Vulnerabilities  - Server Hardening-TCP/IP attack-SYN Flood

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:6
UNIT 3
 

Cyber Security Management Risk Management and Assessment - Risk Management Process - Threat Determination Process -Risk Assessment - Risk Management Lifecycle.Security Policy Management - Security Policies - Coverage Matrix Business Continuity Planning - DisasterTypes  -  Disaster Recovery Plan - Business Continuity Planning Process

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:6
UNIT 4
 

Vulnerability - Assessment and Tools: Vulnerability Testing - Penetration Testing Black box- white box.Architectural Integration:  Security Zones - Devicesviz Routers, Firewalls, DMZ. Configuration Management - Certification and Accreditation for Cyber-Security.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:6
UNIT 5
 

Authentication and Cryptography: Authentication - Cryptosystems - Certificate Services, Securing Communications:  Securing Services -  Transport  –  Wireless  -  Steganography and NTFS Data Streams. Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems:   Intrusion -  Defense in Depth  -  IDS/IPS  -IDS/IPS Weakness and Forensic AnalysisCyber Evolution: Cyber Organization – Cyber Future

Text Books And Reference Books:

R1. Matt Bishop, “Introduction to Computer Security”, Pearson, 6th impression, ISBN: 978-81-7758-425-7.

R2. Thomas R, Justin Peltier, John, “Information Security Fundamentals”, Auerbach Publications.

R3. AtulKahate, “Cryptography and Network Security”,  2nd Edition, Tata McGrawHill.2003

R4. Nina Godbole, SunitBelapure, “Cyber Security”, Wiley India 1st Edition 2011

R5. Jennifer L. Bayuk and Jason Healey and Paul Rohmeyer and Marcus Sachs, “Cyber Security Policy Guidebook”, Wiley; 1 edition , 2012

R6. Dan Shoemaker and Wm. Arthur Conklin, “Cyber security: The Essential Body Of Knowledge”,   Delmar Cengage Learning; 1 edition, 2011

R7. Stallings, “Cryptography & Network Security - Principles & Practice”, Prentice Hall, 6th Edition 2014

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

NIL

Evaluation Pattern

Only CIA will be conducted as per the University norms. No ESE

Maximum Marks : 50

EC332 - NETWORK ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The course aims at

  • Analyse a particular circuit energized with independent, dependent sources, using Node, Mesh analysis and network theorems like Superposition, Thevenins Theorem, Nortons Theorem and Maximum Power Transfer Theorem.
  • Analyse dynamic circuits energized with ac source using Node, Mesh analysis and network theorems like Superposition , Thevenins and Nortons Theorem
  • Analyse circuits using Laplace Transform
  • Design various filters using the T and pi network.
  • Describe the characterization of two port networks.

Realize network functions in Foster/ Cauer forms

Course Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be able to :

CO1:Analyse memoryless circuits using Mesh Analysis, Node Analysis and Network Theorems

CO2: Analyse dynamic circuits using Mesh Analysis, Node Analysis and Network Theorems

CO3:Analyze electric circuits using Laplace Transform

CO4:Design analog filters using Butterworth, Chebyshev approximations and realize them using T and pi networks

CO5:Analyse port networks using h parameters, Z parameters, Y parameters, and transmission parameters

CO6:Synthesize one port networks using Foster and Cauer Forms

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
ANALYSIS OF MEMORYLESS CIRCUITS
 

Reference directions for two terminal elements - Kirchhoff’s Laws - Independent and Dependent Sources – Resistance Networks: Node and Mesh analysis of resistance networks containing both voltage and current independent and dependent sources - Source Transformations.

Superposition, Thevenin, Norton and Maximum Power Transfer Theorems applied to resistance networks with dependent and independent current, voltage sources.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
SINUSOIDAL STEADY STATE IN DYNAMIC CIRCUITS
 

Capacitors and Inductors – Current - voltage relationships – Coupled coils – Mutual Inductance – Dot Convention. Sinusoidal Steady State Analysis: Review of complex numbers – Rectangular and Polar forms – Phasors and the sinusoidal steady state response - Phasor relationships for R, L and C – Impedance and Admittance – Node and Mesh analysis, Superposition, Source transformation, Thevenin and Norton’s  theorems applied to Phasor circuits – Sinusoidal Steady State power  – Average Power – Maximum power transfer theorem

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
ANALYSIS OF DYNAMIC CIRCUITS USING LAPLACE TRANSFORMS
 

Laplace Transform as a tool to analyse Circuits – Transformation of a circuit into s domain – Transformed equivalent of resistance, capacitance, inductance and mutual inductance – Impedance and Admittance in the transform domain – Node and Mesh analysis of the transformed circuit  - Excitation by sources and initial conditions – Complete response with switched dc sources - Network theorems applied to the transformed circuit  – Network Functions: Driving point and Transfer functions - Poles and zeros

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
FREQUENCY RESPONSE AND FILTERS
 

Frequency Response: Network functions in the sinusoidal steady state with s = jω - Magnitude and Phase response - Magnitude and Phase response of First order Low pass and High pass RC/ RL  circuits.

Filtering: Frequency domain characteristics of ideal filters –– Non - ideal filters  –Approximating functions: Butterworth, Chebyshev and elliptic filters (Magnitude response only). Design of analog filters (Butterworth and Chebyshev). Transformations in the analog domain.

Classification of filters, characteristics impedance and propagation constant of pure reactive network, Ladder network, T section, p section, terminating half section. Pass bands and stop bands. Design of constant-K, m-derived filters. Composite filters

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
TWO PORT NETWORKS AND SYNTHESIS
 

Two Port Networks: Characterization of two port networks, Z, Y, ABCD and h- parameters, reciprocity and symmetry. Inter-relationships between the parameters, inter-connections of two port networks, Ladder and Lattice networks. T & π Representation.

Network Synthesis: Realizability, Positive real function, definition and properties; Hurwitz Polynomial, Properties of LC, RC and RL driving point functions, synthesis of LC, RC and RL driving point immittance functions using Foster and Cauer first and second forms.

Text Books And Reference Books:

T1. Van Valkenburg: “Network Analysis, Third Edition,  Pearson Education,2015

T2. Suresh Kumar K. S, “Electric Circuits and Networks”, First Edition , Pearson Education, 2008

T3. Wai-Kai Chen, “Passive and Active Filters-- Theory and Implementations”, John Wiley & Sons, 2009

T4. W H. Hayt, Kemmerly and S M Durbin, “Engineering Circuit Analysis”, Eighth Edition,  Tata Mc.Graw Hill, 2013

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

R1. Franklin F. Kuo: “Network Analysis and Synthesis”, Second Edition,  Wiley India, 2010

R2. M.E. Van Valkenburg, “Design of Analog Filters”, Saunder‘s College Publishing, 2008

R3. V. K. Aatre: “Network Theory and Filter Design”, Second Edition, Wiley Eastern,2014

Evaluation Pattern

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA): 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE)            : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

 

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :  Subject Assignments / Online Tests                       : 10 marks

CIA II  :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                     : 25 marks                  

CIAIII:Quiz/Seminar/Case Studies/Project/Innovative Assignments/presentations/publications                                    : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                       : 50 marks

Mid Semester Examination (MSE) : Theory Papers:

  • The MSE is conducted for 50 marks of 2 hours duration.
  • Question paper pattern; Five out of Six questions have to be answered. Each  question carries 10 marks

End Semester Examination (ESE):

The ESE is conducted for 100 marks of 3 hours duration.

EC333P - ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:75
No of Lecture Hours/Week:5
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The aim of this course is to familiarize the student with the principle of operation, capabilities and limitation of various electron devices so that he or she will be able to use these devices effectively.

Course Outcome

CO1: Understand the biasing and small signal analysis of BJT. [L2]

CO2: Understand the biasing and small signal analysis of FET. [L2]

CO3: Construct the low frequency and high frequency BJT amplifiers. [L3]

CO4: Examine the feedback amplifiers for different applications [L4]

CO5: Perform analysis of the cascading stages of amplifiers and working principle of power devices. [L4]

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
BJT ? BIASING AND SMALL SIGNAL ANALYSIS
 

1. DC Biasing - BJTs : Operating Point, Transistor Biasing circuits (Fixed Bias, Emitter Bias, Voltage Divider Bias, DC Bias with voltage feedback. Transistor as a switch.

2. BJT AC Analysis: BJT as amplifier. Small signal equivalent circuits (Low frequency re and h models only). Small signal analysis of CE, CB, CC (Voltage Divider Bias) configurations using re and hybrid  model – with and without bypass capacitor.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
FET ? BIASING AND AMPLIFIERS
 

1. JFET: Construction, Operation, Characteristic, Shockley's Equation, Transfer Characteristics and Applications, MOSFET :Enhancement type MOSFET and Depletion MOSFET – Construction, Operation and Characteristics, Handling precautions for MOSFET 

2. FET Biasing: Fixed Bias Configuration, Self – Bias Configuration, Voltage Divider Biasing. Depletion Type MOSFETs, Enhancement Type MOSFETs, FET Amplifiers: FET Small Signal Model  

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
FREQUENCY RESPONSE AND HIGH FREQUENCY ANALYSIS
 

1. General shape of frequency response of amplifiers. Definition of bel, decibel, cut off frequencies and bandwidth. Low frequency analysis of amplifiers to obtain lower cut off frequency.

2. Hybrid – pi equivalent circuit of BJTs. High frequency analysis of BJT amplifiers to obtain upper cut off frequency

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS
 

Feedback Amplifiers: Negative and positive feedback. Properties of negative  and positive feedback, negative feedback configurations, analysis of negative feedback amplifiers for gain, frequency response, input impedance, and output impedance of different configurations (voltage series, current series, voltage shunt, and current shunt)

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
CASCADE SYSTEMS AND POWER CONTROL DEVICES
 

CASCADE SYSTEMS: Analysis of frequency response and gain for BJT and FET amplifiers

POWER CONTROL DEVICES: Power control devices: PNPN diode (Shockley diode)  SCR characteristics – LASCR (Light Activated SCR) – TRIAC – DIAC – Structure & Characteristics. Characteristics and equivalent circuit of UJT - intrinsic stand-off ratio

Text Books And Reference Books:

T1. Robert L. Boylestead & Louis Nashelsky, “Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory”, 10th ed., Pearson Education, 2009.

T2. Jacob Millman & Christos C. Halkias, “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, Tata McGraw-Hill Education Pvt. Ltd., 2010.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

R1. Millman J. and Halkias C. " Integrated Electronics ", Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing, 2000

R2. Donald A Neamen, “Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design”, 3/e, TMH.

R3. Albert Paul Malvino, Electronic Principles, 8th Ed, McGraw-Hill Education, 2016.

R4. Sedra and Smith.” Microelectronic Circuits”, 6/e, Oxford University Press, 2010.

R5. David A. Bell, “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2007.  

Evaluation Pattern

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :  Subject Assignments / Online Tests                       : 10 marks

CIA II  :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                      : 25 marks                  

CIAIII:Quiz/Seminar/Case Studies/Project/Innovative Assignments/presentations/publications                                : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                       : 50 marks

Mid Semester Examination (MSE) : Theory Papers:

  • The MSE is conducted for 50 marks of 2 hours duration.
  • Question paper pattern; Five out of Six questions have to be answered. Each  question carries 10 marks

End Semester Examination (ESE):

The ESE is conducted for 100 marks of 3 hours duration.

The syllabus for the theory papers are divided into FIVE units and each unit carries equal Weightage in terms of marks distribution.

EC334P - DIGITAL ELECTRONICS (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:75
No of Lecture Hours/Week:5
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The aim of this course is to study the basics of digital circuits and learn methods and fundamental concepts used in the design of digital systems.

Course Outcome

 

At the end of the course, the student will be able to :

CO1: To apply the principles of Boolean algebra and K-map to design combinational circuits

CO2: Toanalyze the operation of sequential circuits built with various flip-flops and design of counters, registers

CO3: To use state machine diagrams to design finite state machines using various types of flip-flops and combinational circuits with prescribed functionality.

CO4: To understand the concepts of data paths, control units, and micro-operations and building blocks of digital systems

CO5: To design combinational and sequential circuits using Verilog HDL modeling.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS
 

Design procedure – Four variable Karnaugh Maps, Adders-Subtractors – Serial adder/Subtractor - Parallel adder/ Subtractor- Carry look ahead adder- BCD adder, Magnitude Comparator. Multiplexer/ Demultiplexer,Encoder / decoder, parity checker, Code converters. Implementation of combinational logic using MUX, ROM, PAL and PLA

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS
 

Classification of sequential circuits, Moore and Mealy -Design of Synchronous counters: state diagram- State table –State minimization –State assignment- ASM-Excitation table and maps-Circuit implementation - Universal shift register – Shift counters – Ring counters

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
ASYNCHRONOUS SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS
 

Design of fundamental mode and pulse mode circuits – primitive state / flow table – Minimization of primitive state table –state assignment – Excitation table – Excitation map- cycles – Races, Hazards: Static –Dynamic –Essential –Hazards elimination.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
 

Introduction – Special Characteristics – Bipolar Transistor Characteristics – RTL and DTL circuits – Transistor-Transistor Logic (TTL) Emitter Coupled Logic (ECL) – Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) – Complementary MOS (CMOS) – CMOS Transmission Gate circuits

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
VERILOG HDL
 

Basic Concepts: VLSI Design flow, identifiers, gate primitives, value set, ports, gate delays, structural gate level modeling, Behavioral modeling, Data flow modeling, Design hierarchies, Structural gate level description of combinational and sequential circuits.

Text Books And Reference Books:

 

T1. M. Morris Mano, Michael D. Ciletti, “Digital Design” 5thEdition, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2015/Pearson Education (Singapore) Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003.

 

T2. Samir Palnitkar, “Verilog HDL”, 2 edition, Pearson Education, 2003

T3. Peter.J.Ashenden, “Digital Design: An Embedded Systems Approach Using Verilog”, Elsevier 2010

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

 

R1. John .M Yarbrough,” Digital Logic Applications and Design, Thomson- Vikas Publishing house, New Delhi, 2006.

 

R2. S. Salivahanan and S. Arivazhagan, “Digital Circuits and Design, 5th ed., Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2016.

 

R3. Charles H.Roth, ” Fundamentals of Logic Design”, Thomson Publication Company, 2012.

R4. Donald P.Leach and Albert Paul Malvino, “Digital Principles and Applications”,6th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2012.

Evaluation Pattern

Theory CIA - 30 marks

CIA will be conducted for 50 marks. Later the marks will be scaled down to 30 marks.

Components of the CIA:
CIA I : Subject Assignments / Online Tests : 10 marks
CIA II : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks
CIAIII:Quiz/Seminar/Case Studies/Project/Innovative Assignments/presentations
/publications : 10 marks
Attendance : 05 marks
Total : 50 marks
Mid Semester Examination (MSE) : Theory Papers:
The MSE is conducted for 50 marks of 2 hours duration.
Question paper pattern; Five out of Six questions have to be answered. Each question carries 10
marks

Theory ESE - 30 marks

End Semester Examination (ESE):
The ESE is conducted for 100 marks of 3 hours duration. (100 marks will be scaled down to 30 marks)

 

Practical - 35 marks

Practical assessment depends on the student's lab discipline, regular attendance, conduction of the lab, observation and record submission and final lab exam.

Attendance - 5 marks

In total, the course is evaluated for 100 (30+30+35+5) marks.

EC335 - ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This course aims at imparting the fundamental concepts of Electrostatics and static magnetic fields, basic concepts of Time varying fields and their behaviour in different media, give understanding about analysis of fields in different geometries and application areas of electromagnetic fields

Course Outcome

CO-1: Understand the field?s potentials due to static changes (L2)

CO-2: Demonstrate the behavior of static electric and magnetic fields(L3)

CO-3: Relate the behavior of electric and magnetic fields in different media (L4)

CO-4: Interpret the electric and magnetic fields with respect to time(L3)

CO-5: Relate the uniform wave propagation in the electric field(L4)

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
STATIC ELECTRIC FIELDS
 

Coulomb‘s  Law    Definition  of  Electric  Field  Intensity    Principle  of Superposition    Electric Flux Density – Gauss Law – Proof of Gauss Law – Applications.  Charge distributions-line, surface, volume. Electric  Scalar  Potential    Relationship  between  potential  and  electric  field  -    Potential due to electrical dipole  - Poisson‘s  and  Laplace‘s  equation    Electrostatic  energy  and  energy  density  - Electric current    Current density    point  form of ohm‘s  law    continuity equation  for current

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
STATIC MAGNETIC FIELD
 

The Biot-Savart Law–  Magnetic Field intensity due to a finite and infinite current carrying wire    Magnetic  field  intensity  on  the  axis  of  a  circular  and rectangular current carrying loop – Ampere‘s circuital law and simple applications. Current distributions –line, surface and volume. Magnetic flux density – The Lorentz force equation for a moving charge and applications – Magnetic moment – Magnetic Vector Potential-Energy density in magnetic fields

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
TIME VARYING ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS
 

Faraday‘s  law    Maxwell‘s  Second  Equation  in  integral  form  from  Faraday‘s  Law  –Equation expressed in point form. Displacement  current    Ampere‘s  circuital  law  in  integral  form    Modified  form  of Ampere‘s circuital law as Maxwell‘s first equation in integral form    Equation expressed in point form. Maxwell‘s four equations in integral form and differential form

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
 

Derivation of  Wave Equation    Uniform Plane  Waves    Maxwell‘s equation  in Phasor form    Wave equation in Phasor form    Plane waves in free space and in a homogenous material. Wave  equation  for  a  conducting  medium    Plane  waves  in  lossy  dielectrics  –Propagation in good conductors – Skin effect, Poynting Vector.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
REFLECTION AND REFRACTION OF UNIFORM PLANE WAVES
 

Boundary conditions in vector form - Interaction of waves with dielectric and conducting materials - Normal andOblique incidences, applications of plane waves, Polarization and its types. 

Text Books And Reference Books:

 

T1.M. N. O. Sadiku., “Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics”, Oxford University Press, 5th Edition 2010.

T2. E.C. Jordan and K.G. Balmain., “Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems”, Prentice Hall of   India, 2/E 2ndEdition 2003. 

T3. Karl E. Lonngren, Sava V. Savov, Randy J. Jost.,“Fundamentals of Electromagnetics with MATLAB”, SciTech Publishing Inc.,2nd Edition 2007.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

R1. RamoWhinnery and Van Duzer., “Fields and Waves in Communications Electronics”, John Wiley & Sons, 3rd Edition 2003.

R2. NarayanaRao, N., “Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 6thEdition 2004.

R3. William H.Hayt and John A Buck., “Engineering Electromagnetics”, McGraw-Hill, 6th Edition 2003.

Evaluation Pattern

Components of the CIA
CIA I : Subject Assignments / Online Tests : 10 marks
CIA II : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks
CIAIII:Quiz/Seminar/Case Studies/Project/Innovative Assignments/presentations
/publications : 10 marks
Attendance : 05 marks
Total : 50 marks
Mid Semester Examination (MSE) : Theory Papers:
The MSE is conducted for 50 marks of 2 hours duration.
Question paper pattern; Five out of Six questions have to be answered. Each question carries 10
marks
End Semester Examination (ESE):
The ESE is conducted for 100 marks of 3 hours duration.

EC351 - ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT LAB (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30
No of Lecture Hours/Week:2
Max Marks:100
Credits:1

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The aim of this course is to familiarize the student with the calibration, measurement, testing and characterization of various sensors and transducers devices and test instruments so that he or she will be able to carry out measurements effectively.

Course Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be able to :

CO1: Demonstrate the use of test instruments for signal measurements and characterize common sensors and transducers.

CO2: Estimate the long term stability of oscillators using frequency counters and compare stability factors of various oscillators with different Q factors.

CO3: Calibrate and study the characteristics of  pressure, temperature,  speed, transducers 

CO4: Analyze the spectral characteristics of RF signals

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:30
List of Experiments :
 

List of Experiments :

Practical Hours

1.      Study of  strain gauge & Load cell characteristics

2

2.      Calibration of LDR and Opto coupler characteristics

2

3.      Study of Photo electric & Hall effect transducers

2

4.      LVDT and Tacho generator characteristics

2

5.      RTD, Thermocouple and  Thermistor characteristics

2

6.      Measurement of PH and water conductivity

2

7.      Characteristics of stepper motor and servo motor

2

8.      IC temperature sensor (AD 590)

2

9.      Measurement of Speed-contact and Non-contact Types

2

10.  Design and testing of Instrumentation amplifier

2

11.  Design and testing of a temperature controller

2

12.  Design of RC lead, lag, lead - lag compensator

2

13.  Measurement of RF signals using Spectrum Analyzer

3

14.  Measurement of frequency stability of oscillators using Frequency Counter

3

Text Books And Reference Books:

T1. Albert D.Helfrick and William D.Cooper – Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques, Pearson / Prentice Hall of India, 2007.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

R1. David A. Bell, Electronic Instrumentation and measurements, Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd, 2003 

Evaluation Pattern

As per university norms

ECHO341CSP - INTRODUCTION TO CRYPTOLOGY (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:4
Max Marks:50
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Identify, formulate, research literature, and analyse complex engineering

problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural

sciences, and engineering sciences.

Course Outcome

CO-1: Apply the knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering fundamentals, and an engineering specialisation for the solution of complex engineering problems.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
Basic Concepts of Number Theory and Finite Fields:
 

Divisibility and the divisibility algorithm, Euclidean algorithm, Modular arithmetic, Groups, Rings and Fields, Finite fields of the form GF(p), Polynomial arithmetic, Finite fields of the form GF(2n), Galois group of a field extensions, Fixed field and Galois extensions, Fundamental theorem of Galois Theory

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
Classical Encryption Techniques
 

Symmetric cipher model, Substitution techniques, Transposition techniques, Steganography, Traditional Block Cipher structure, Data Encryption Standard (DES) 

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
Pseudo-Random-Sequence Generators
 

The AES Cipher, Linear Congruential Generators, Linear Feedback Shift Registers, Design and analysis of stream ciphers, Stream ciphers using LFSRs 

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
Principles of Public-Key Cryptosystems
 

Prime Numbers, Fermat‘s and Euler‘s theorem, Primality testing, Chinese Remainder theorem, discrete logarithm, The RSA algorithm, Diffie - Hellman Key Exchange, Elliptic Curve Arithmetic, Elliptic Curve Cryptography

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
One-Way Hash Functions
 

Background, Snefru, N-Hash, MD4, MD5, Secure Hash Algorithm [SHA],One way hash functions using symmetric block algorithms, Using public key algorithms, Choosing a one-way hash functions, Message Authentication Codes. Digital Signature Algorithm, Discrete Logarithm Signature Scheme

Text Books And Reference Books:

 

  1. Behrouz A. Forouzan and D. Mukhopadhyay, Cryptography & Network Security, McGraw Hill, New Delhi.
  2. William Stallings, Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practice, Prentice-Hall
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Cryptography and Network Security, Atul Kahate, TMH, 2003.

Evaluation Pattern

CIA- 50

ESE-50

MA332 - MATHEMATICS III (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Course Description:

This course, Mathematics III (MA332) is offered for three credits in the third semester for the branch of Electronics and Communication Engineering. It provides basic pre-requisite to learn the advanced techniques for the core branch. The course has Fourier series, Fourier transform and Z-transform, various coordinate systems like cylindrical, spherical systems and transformation between them, solution of boundary value problems using half range Fourier series. 

Course Objective:

To enable the students to transform the coordinate system, solve the boundary value problems using Fourier series and Fourier transforms as well solving higher order partial differential equations by different methods and difference equations using Z – transform.

Course Outcome

CO1: Apply vector operators to transform the Cartesian coordinate system into spherical and cylindrical forms {L3} {PO1, PO2, PO3}

CO2: Predict the nature of partial differential equations and solve it by the method of variable separable. {L3} {PO1, PO2, PO3}

CO3: Deduce the periodic functions as Fourier series expansion. {L4} {PO1, PO2, PO3, PO4}

CO4: Apply Fourier series and solve the boundary value problems {L3} {PO1, PO2, PO3}

CO5: Solve difference equations using Z transform {L3} {PO1, PO2, PO3}

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
Coordinate Systems
 

Curvilinear Coordinate System, Gradient, Divergence, Curl and Laplacian in Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinate system, Transformation between systems.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
Partial Differential Equations
 

Formation of partial differential equations by elimination of arbitrary constants and arbitrary functions – Solution of standard types of first order partial differential equations – Lagrange’s linear equation – Linear partial differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
Fourier Series & Fourier Transform
 

Fourier series – Half range Fourier sine and cosine series – Complex form of Fourier series – Harmonic Analysis. 

Complex Fourier transform – Sine and Cosine transforms – Properties – Transforms of simple functions – Convolution theorem – Parseval’s identity. Solution of equations using Fourier transform, Limitation of Fourier series and Fourier transform and need for Wavelet.

 

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
Boundary Value Problems
 

Classification of second order quasi linear partial differential equations – Solutions of one dimensional wave equation – One dimensional heat equation – Two dimensional Laplace equation – Steady state solution of two-dimensional heat equation (Insulated edges excluded) – Fourier series solutions in Cartesian coordinates.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
Z ? Transform and Difference Equations
 

Z-transform - Elementary properties – Inverse Z – transform – Convolution theorem -Formation of difference equations – Solution of difference equations using Z - transform.

Text Books And Reference Books:

T1.  Dr. B. Grewal, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, 43rd Edition, Khanna Publishers, July 2014.

T2.  H. K. Das & Rajnish Verma, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, 20th Edition, S. Chand & Company  Ltd.,  2014.

T3. Kandasamy, P., Thilagavathy, K., and Gunavathy, K., “Engineering Mathematics Volume III”, S. Chand & Company ltd., New Delhi, 2003.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

R1. Erwin Kreyszig, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, 10th Edition, John Wiley & Sons,Inc. 2011.

R2. B.V. Ramana, 6th Reprint, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, Tata-Macgraw Hill, 2008

R3. Churchill, R.V. and Brown, J.W., “Fourier Series and Boundary Value Problems”, Fourth Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Singapore, 1987.

R4. T.Veera Rajan, “Engineering Mathematics [For Semester III]. Third Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. New Delhi, 2007.

R5. S. L. Loney, “Plane Trigonometry”, Cambridge: University Press.

Evaluation Pattern

Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA): 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

End Semester Examination(ESE)      : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I  :  Subject Assignments / Quiz / Closed book tests                  : 10 marks

CIA II :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                : 25 marks

CIAIII:Quiz/Seminar/Case Studies/Project/Innovative Assignments/presentations/publications                      : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                           : 05 marks

Total                                                                                       : 50 marks

Mid Semester Examination (MSE) : Theory Papers:

The MSE is conducted for 50 marks of 2 hours duration.

Question paper pattern:

Question paper consists of two sections. Section A will contain four compulsory questions and Section B will contain one question with either or choice. Each  question carries 10 marks

End Semester Examination (ESE):

             The ESE is conducted for 100 marks of 3 hours duration.

             The syllabus for the theory papers are divided into FIVE units and each unit carries equal Weightage in terms of marks distribution.

Question paper pattern is as follows:

Two full questions with either or choice will be drawn from each unit. Each question carries 20 marks. There could be a maximum of three sub divisions in a question. The emphasis on the questions is to test the objectiveness, analytical skill and application skill of the concept, from a question bank which reviewed and updated every year.

The criteria for drawing the questions from the Question Bank are as follows

50 % - Medium Level questions

25 % - Simple level questions

25 % - Complex level questions

 

BS451 - ENGINEERING BIOLOGY LABORATORY (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30
No of Lecture Hours/Week:2
Max Marks:50
Credits:2

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Understanding and application of MATLAB and TINKERCAD for biological analysis which would results in better healthcare and any engineer, irrespective of the parent discipline (mechanical, electrical, civil, computer, electronics, etc.,) can use the disciplinary skills toward designing/improving biological systems. This course is designed to convey the essentials of human physiology.The course will introduce to the students the various fundamental concepts in MATLAB and TINKERCAD for numerical analysis and circuit design using arduino.

 

Course Outcome

CO1: Examine the various applications of bioengineering and using common tool boxes for analysing medical information.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:30
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
 

1.     Blood Pressure Measurement using Arduino

2.     Measuring HRV using the data from pulse measurement in Matlab.

3.     Measure heart rate and SPO2 with Arduino

4.     Measuring BMI, heart rate, SPO2, HRV using MATLAB and indicating health of person.

5.     Analyzing breast cancer, EEG, ECG and CT images using MATLAB from online data sources and detecting irregularties (arrhythmia, tumor, cancer, epilepsy).

6.     Analyzing force developed in muscles when performing any given task (to move servo motor and subsequently robotic arm).

7.     Measuring water content in given soil using temperature, pH using Arduino.

8.     IR thermal imaging to determine effect of mobile radiation.

9.     Synthesis of biopolymers from starch.

 

Text Books And Reference Books:

NIL

 

 

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

 NIL

 

 

 

 

Evaluation Pattern

As per university norms

EC431P - ANALOG ELECTRONICS (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:75
No of Lecture Hours/Week:5
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The aim of this course is to familiarize the student with the analysis and design of feedback amplifiers, oscillators, tuned amplifiers, wave shaping circuits, multivibrators and blocking oscillators using BJT  and Op-Amps

Course Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be able to :

CO1: Analyze the RC, LC and crystal oscillator circuits and generation of sinusoidal signals over various frequency bands.

CO2: Describe the timing circuits designed with BJT transistors.

CO3: Design and demonstrate large signal and tuned amplifiers for various power   applications and resonant frequency applications. 

CO4: Understand the elements inside an opamp and design basic adders and subtractors

CO5: Design various application circuits using operational amplifiers like integrators, differentiators, wave form generators

CO6: Design filters using operational amplifiers and plot its frequency response.

CO7: Understand the principle of ADC and DAC and design  DAC - R/2R DAC, binary weighted DAC

CO8: Design various application circuits using the timer IC 555

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
OSCILLATORS AND TRANSISTOR SWITCHING CIRCUITS
 

Mechanism for start of oscillation and stabilization of amplitude: Tank Circuit. Positive Feedback: Barkhausen Criterion. RC phase shift Oscillator. Wien bridge Oscillator. Analysis of LC Oscillators, Colpitts, Hartley, Clapp oscillators. Frequency range of RC and LC Oscillators. Quartz Crystal Construction. Electrical equivalent circuit of Crystal. Pierce crystal Oscillator circuit.

Transistor switching times. (Delay, rise, storage and fall time). Analysis of collector coupled Astable, Monostable and Bistable multivibrators. UJT Relaxation Oscillator.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
LARGE SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS AND TUNED AMPLIFIERS
 

Power Amplifier: Definition and amplifier types – efficiency – classification. Transformer coupled Class A amplifier – Transformer coupled class – B and class – AB amplifiers – Complementary Symmetry – Push pull amplifier. Calculation of efficiency, power output and dissipation. Amplifier Distortion – Cross over distortion. Power of a signal having distortion. Power Transistor heat sinking.

Tuned Amplifiers: Basic principle – Concept of resonance – coil loses, unloaded and loaded Q of tank circuits. Basic tuned amplifier using BJT – Q factor – Selectivity – instability of tuned amplifier – Stabilization techniques – Class C tuned Amplifiers and their applications. Efficiency of class C tuned amplifier.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
OPAMP BASICS
 

Operational Amplifier: Simplified Internal Circuit of 741 – opamp. Opamp parameters: Input bias current, Input Offset Current, Input Offset Voltage, Thermal drift, Voltage Gain, Input and Output Impedance, CMRR, Slewrate. Low frequency and High Frequency equivalent model of opamp

Inverting and Non Inverting Amplifier: Analysis, Frequency response of inverting and non-inverting amplifier.[Analysis to show the effect of frequency on the voltage gain] Summing Amplifier [Adder], Difference Amplifier [ Subtractor].

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
OPAMP APPLICATIONS AND FILTERS
 

Instrumentation amplifiers, V to I and I to V converters and their applications, Logarithmic Amplifier, Antilogarithmic Amplifier, Comparators, Schmitt Trigger, Square and triangular waveform generator

First order Low pass, High pass Filters, Frequency Response. Second Order Low Pass and High Pass Filters, - Bandpass and band elimination filters, Notch Filter, All Pass filters. 

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
ADC/DAC CONVERTERS AND SPECIAL FUNCTION ICS
 

D/A converters: DAC characteristics- resolution, output input equations, weighted resistor, R-2R network.

A/D converter: ADC characteristics, Types - Dual slope, Counter ramp, Successive approximation, flash ADC, oversampling and delta sigma ADC.

Waveform generators – grounded capacitor VCO and emitter coupled VCO.

Basic PLL topology and principle, transient response of PLL, Linear model of PLL, Major building blocks of PLL – analog and digital phase detector, VCO, filter. Applications of PLL. Monolithic PLL - IC LM565.

555 Timer Astable Multivibrator and Monostable Multi vibrator using  555 IC

Text Books And Reference Books:

Text Books:

T1. David A. Bell, “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, 5th Edition, OUP, 2008.

T2. Millman J. and Halkias .C. " Integrated Electronics ", Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing, 2000.

T3. Sergio Franco, ”Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated Circuits”, 3ed, Tata Mc.Graw Hill, 2002.

T4. Gayakwad, ”Op-Amps and Linear Integrated Circuits”, 4ed, Prentice Hall of India, 2002.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Reference Books:

R1. Donald A Neamen, “Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design”, 3/e, TMH.

R2. Behzad Razavi,” Design of Analog CMOS IC”, 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003.

R3. David A. Bell, “Operational Amplifiers and Linear ICs”, 3rd Edition, OUP, 2011.

R4. David A. Johns, Ken Martin, “Analog Integrated Circuit Design”, 2nd Edition, Wiley India, 2008.

Evaluation Pattern

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :  Subject Assignments / Online Tests                       : 10 marks

CIA II  :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                      : 25 marks                  

CIAIII:Quiz/Seminar/Case Studies/Project/Innovative Assignments/presentations/publications                                : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                       : 50 marks

Mid Semester Examination (MSE) : Theory Papers:

  • The MSE is conducted for 50 marks of 2 hours duration.
  • Question paper pattern; Five out of Six questions have to be answered. Each  question carries 10 marks

End Semester Examination (ESE):

The ESE is conducted for 100 marks of 3 hours duration.

The syllabus for the theory papers are divided into FIVE units and each unit carries equal Weightage in terms of marks distribution.

EC432P - ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:75
No of Lecture Hours/Week:5
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The course aims at providing an in-depth understanding of modern antenna concepts, practical antenna design for various applications explaining the theory of different types of antennas used in communication systems. This course also provides a study for the analysis and design of arrays, wave propagation and antenna measurements.

Course Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be able to :

CO1: Utilize the fundamentals concepts of antennas, radiation principles and solve antenna parameters [L3]

CO2: Examine various antenna arrays and analyze their performances[L4]

CO3: Choose the special antennas needed for various frequency ranges and explain [L3]

CO4: Compare the various types of wave propagation mechanisms [L4]

CO5: Summarize the antenna measurement methods and applications of antennas for communications [L2]

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
UNIT I ANTENNA BASICS & WIRE ANTENNAS
 

Basics of antenna Parameters: Radiation intensity, Directivity, Power gain, Beam Width, Band Width, polarization, Input impedance, Efficiency, Effective length and Effective area, Antenna Temperature, Reciprocity principle, Friss Transmission equation, Radiation mechanism, Current distribution on thin wire antenna, Retarded vector potential, Fields associated with oscillating dipole. Power radiated and radiation resistance of current element, Radiation resistance of half-wave dipole and quarter-wave monopole, Loop Antennas, Radiation from small loop and its radiation resistance.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
UNIT II ANTENNA ARRAYS
 

Array of point sources: Expression for electric field for  two point sources of equal amplitude and phase, equal amplitude and opposite phase and unequal amplitude and any phase, Linear array of N isotropic point sources. Broad side array, End fire array, Method of pattern multiplication. Non-uniform Distribution – Binomial array, Dolph –Chebyshev array

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
UNIT III SPECIAL ANTENNAS
 

Travelling Wave Antennas- Radiation from a traveling wave on a wire, Rhombic Antennas-Design and Analysis of Rhombic antenna, Yagi Uda Antennas –Three element Yagi antennas. Log periodic antenna – Types and Design of LPDA, Helical antenna-Design, Normal mode and axial mode operation, Horn Antenna – Field on the axis of an E-Plane and H-Plane sectoral Horn, Radiation from an elemental area of a plane wave (Huygens’s Source),Lens Antenna- Dielectric lens and metal plane lens antennas, Dish antennas- Reflector type of antennas.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
UNIT IV WAVE PROPAGATION.
 

Ground wave propagation: Attenuation characteristics for ground wave propagation, Calculation of field strength at a distance. Space wave propagation: Reflection from ground for vertically and horizontally polarized waves, Reflection characteristics of earth, Resultant of direct and reflected ray at the receiver, Duct propagation. Sky wave propagation: Structure of the ionosphere. Effective dielectric constant of ionized region, Mechanism of refraction, Refractive index, Critical frequency, Skip distance, Energy loss in the ionosphere due to collisions, Maximum usable frequency, Fading and Diversity reception.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
UNIT V ANTENNA MEASUREMENTS & APPLICATIONS
 

Measurement Ranges, Absorbing materials, anechoic chamber, Compact antenna test ranges, Pattern Measurement Arrangement, Impedance Measurement, Phase & Gain measurements, VSWR measurements. Application of Antennas (Overview): Antennas for Mobile communication, Satellite Communication (LEO, MEO, GEO Satellite Antennas, Cubesats), Antennas for Biomedical, Mammography and Microwave Imaging applications, Implantable antennas.

Text Books And Reference Books:
  1. John D.Kraus and RonalatoryMarhefka, "Antennas", 2nd edition,Tata McGraw-Hill Book Company, 2003.(Unit I.II.III.IV)
  2. Balanis, "Antenna Theory”, John Wiley & Sons, 4th edition, 2016. (Unit III,V)
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
  1. R.E.Collins, 'Antennas and Radio Propagation ",2nd edition, McGraw-Hill, 2003.
  2. K.D.Prasad, Satya Prakashan, “Antennas and Wave Propagation”, Tech Publications, 3rd Edition, 2001.
  3. E.C.Jordan and Balmain, "Electro Magnetic Waves and Radiating Systems", PHI, 1968, Reprint 2003.

 

Evaluation Pattern

 

 

COURSES WITH THEORY AND PRACTICAL

 

Component

Assessed for

Minimum marks

 to pass

Maximum

marks

1

Theory CIA

30

-

30

2

Theory ESE

30

12

30

3

Practical CIA

35

14

35

4

Attendance

05

-

05

4

Aggregate

100

40

100

 

DETAIL OF MARK FOR COURSES WITH THOERY AND PRACTICAL

THEORY

PRACTICAL

 

Component

Assessed for

Scaled down to

Minimum marks to pass

Maximum marks

Component

Assessed for

Scaled down to

Minimum marks to pass

Maximum marks

1

CIA-1

20

10

-

10

Overall CIA

50

35

14

35

2

CIA-2

50

10

-

10

3

CIA-3

20

10

-

10

4

Attendance

05

05

-

05

Attendance

NA

NA

-

-

5

ESE

100

30

12

30

ESE

NA

NA

-

-

 

 

TOTAL

65

-

65

TOTAL

 

35

14

35

 

EC433 - SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 
  • Demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the fundamental concepts and principles of signals and systems.
  • Demonstrate spectral analysis of CT periodic and aperiodic signals using CT Fourier and Laplace methods.
  • Analyse and characterization of total response, impulse response and frequency response of LTI CT systems.
  • Interpret discrete time signal by Discrete Time Fourier transforms and Z transform.
  • Analyse and Characterization of total response, impulse response and frequency response of LTI DT systems.

 

Course Outcome

At the end of the course, the student will be able to :

CO1:Categorize the properties and representation of discrete and continuous time signals and systems

CO2: Analyze the continuous time signal using Fourier and Laplace transform

CO3: Determine total response, impulse response and frequency response of LTI-CT system

CO4: Analyze the discrete time signals using Discrete Time Fourier Transforms and Z transform

CO5: Determine total response, impulse response and frequency response of LTI-DT systems

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
CLASSIFICATION OF SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS
 

Continuous Time signals (CT signals), Discrete Time signals (DT signals) - Step, Ramp, Impulse, Exponential, Classification of CT and DT signals - periodic and aperiodic, Energy and power, even and odd, Deterministic and Random signals, Transformation on Independent variables -CT systems and DT systems, Properties of Systems – Linearity, Causality, Time Invariance, Stability, Invertibility and LTI Systems.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
ANALYSIS OF CT SIGNALS
 

Fourier Series Analysis, Spectrum of CT Signals, Continuous Time Fourier Transform and Laplace Transform in Signal Analysis, Properties of Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform-Properties-ROC, Parseval’s Theorem, Sampling Theorem and Aliasing.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
LTI-CT SYSTEMS
 

Differential equations-Total Response- Fourier Transform & Laplace Transform, Impulse response, Convolution Integral, Frequency response

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
ANALYSIS OF DT SIGNALS
 

Spectrum of DT Signals, Discrete Time Fourier Transform (DTFT), Z-Transform in signal analysis, Z-transform-Properties-ROC and Inverse Z Transform-Partial Fraction-Long Division.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
LTI-DT SYSTEMS
 

Difference equations, Total Response-Z- Transform, Impulse response, Convolution sum, Frequency response.

Text Books And Reference Books:

T1 Alan V. Oppenheim, Alan S. Willsky with S. Hamid Nawab, Signals & Systems, 2ndedn., Pearson Education, 2015

T2. M. J. Roberts, Signals and Systems Analysis using Transform method and MATLAB, TMH 2003.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

R1. Lathi B. P, Signals Systems and Communication, B S Publications, Hyderabad, 2011.

R2. Simon Haykin and Barry Van Veen, Signals and Systems, John Wiley, 2009

R3. K. Lindner, “Signals and Systems”, McGraw Hill International, 2009

R4. Michael J Roberts, "Fundamentals of Signals and systems" Tata McGraw Hill, 2007.

Evaluation Pattern

·         Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA): 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

·         End Semester Examination(ESE)      : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :  Subject Assignments / Online Tests                      : 10 marks

CIA II  :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                    : 25 marks                  

CIA III            : Quiz/Seminar/Case Studies/Project/

              Innovative Assignments/presentations/publications       : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

            Total                                                                                       : 50 marks

Mid Semester Examination (MSE) : Theory Papers:

  • The MSE is conducted for 50 marks of 2 hours duration.
  • Question paper pattern; Five out of Six questions have to be answered. Each  question carries 10 marks

End Semester Examination (ESE):

The ESE is conducted for 100 marks of 3 hours duration.

The syllabus for the theory papers are divided into FIVE units and each unit carries equal weightage in terms of marks distribution.

Question paper pattern is as follows.

Two full questions with either or choice will be drawn from each unit. Each question carries 20 marks. There could be a maximum of three sub divisions in a question. The emphasis on the questions is to test the objectiveness, analytical skill and application skill of the concept, from a question bank which reviewed and updated every year

The criteria for drawing the questions from the Question Bank are as follows

50 % - Medium Level questions

25 % - Simple level questions

25 % - Complex level questions

 

EC434 - COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND PROCESSORS (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

To discuss the basic structure of a digital computer and to study in detail the organization of the Control unit, the Arithmetic and Logical unit, Memory unit and Intel Processors.

Course Outcome

CO1: Summarize the architectural features of a computer

CO2: Discover the basic functional units in ALU and perform various arithmetic operations of ALU

CO3: Demonstrate the dataflow and program execution process in Computer

CO4: Summarize various memory architectures and their data storage behaviour

CO5: Interpret unique architectural features of 8086 and Pentium processors.

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS
 

A Brief History of computers, Von Neumann Architecture, Harvard architecture, Computer Components, Functional units - Basic operational concepts - Bus structures - Software performance – Memory locations and addresses-Addition and subtraction of signed numbers – Design of fast adders – Multiplication of positive numbers - Hardware Implementation- Signed operand multiplication.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
ARITHMETIC & LOGIC UNIT
 

Booths Algorithm- fast multiplication – Integer division & it’s Hardware Implementation – Restoring and Non Restoring algorithms-Fundamental concepts – Execution of a complete instruction – Multiple bus organization – Hardwired control – Micro-programmed control - Pipelining – Basic concepts – Data hazards – operand forwarding-Instruction hazards- Instruction Set architecture for logical operation

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
8086 MICROPROCESSOR
 

Intel 8086 Microprocessor - Internal architecture – segment registers- 8086 memory organization–Flag Register-logical and physical address calculation-Block diagram of Minimum and maximum mode  and its operations – Interrupt and Interrupt applications-Assembly language programming of 8086.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
INTERFACING WITH 8086
 

Memory Interfacing and I/O interfacing - Parallel communication interface – Serial communication interface – Timer –Interrupt controller – DMA controller – Programming and applications

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
PENTIUM MICROPROCESSOR
 

Advanced Intel Microprocessors- Reduced Instruction cycle – five stage instruction pipe line – Integrated coprocessor – On board cache – Burst Bus mode. Pentium – super scalar architecture – u-v pipe line – branch prediction logic – cache structure – BIST (built in self-test) – Introduction to MMX technology. Case Study

Text Books And Reference Books:

T1. Carl Hamacher, Zvonko Vranesic and Safwat Zaky, 7th Edition “Computer Organization”, McGraw-Hill, 2011

T2. Douglous V. Hall “Microprocessor and Interfacing”  3rd edition ,Tata McGraw Hill,2015.

T3.James L. Antonakos , “ The Pentium Microprocessor ‘’ Pearson Education, 2007

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

R1. William Stallings, “Computer Organization and Architecture – Designing for Performance”, 10h Edition, Pearson Education, 2015.

R2. David A.Patterson and John L.Hennessy, “Computer Organization and Design: The hardware / software interface”, 3rd Edition, Morgan Kaufmann, 2008

R3. John P.Hayes, “Computer Architecture and Organization”, 4th  Edition, McGrawHill, 2003.

Evaluation Pattern

  Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA): 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

· End Semester Examination(ESE)      : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

Components of the CIA

CIA I   :  Subject Assignments / Online Tests                      : 10 marks

CIA II  :   Mid Semester Examination (Theory)                    : 25 marks                 

CIA III            : Quiz/Seminar/Case Studies/Project/Innovative Assignments/presentations/publications       : 10 marks

Attendance                                                                             : 05 marks

 Total                                                                                       : 50 marks

 

Mid Semester Examination (MSE) : Theory Papers:

The MSE is conducted for 50 marks of 2 hours duration.

Question paper pattern; Five out of Six questions have to be answered. Each  question carries 10 marks

End Semester Examination (ESE):

The ESE is conducted for 100 marks of 3 hours duration.

The syllabus for the theory papers are divided into FIVE units and each unit carries equal weightage in terms of marks distribution.

EC435 - COMPUTER NETWORKS (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

This course aims to introduce the concepts, terminologies, and technologies used in modern data communication and computer networking. It also gives an introduction to the IEEE standards used for WLAN for physical ant MAC layer.

Course Outcome

CO1: Explain the network models and terminologies including topologies, transmission media and line coding for a data communication system.

CO2: Understand the data link layer services for error control using parity check, Hamming & cyclic codes and flow control techniques using stop & wait, stop & wait ARQ, Go-back n ARQ protocols.

CO3: Find the path for network layer packet delivery for a given topology using intradomain routing protocols

CO4: Understand the essential principles of transport layer including reliable data transfer, congestion control and quality of service

CO5: Describe the MAC layer functions including DCF,PCF access schemes of Wireless LAN from IEEE 802.11 draft standard

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
DATA COMMUNICATIONS
 

Components – Direction of Data flow – networks – Components and Categories – types of Connections – Topologies –Protocols and Standards – ISO / OSI model – Transmission Media – Coaxial Cable – Fiber Optics – Line Coding – Modems – RS232 Interfacing sequences. TCP/IP.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
DATA LINK LAYER
 

Error – detection and correction – Parity – LRC – CRC – Hamming code – Flow Control and Error control: stop and wait – go back N ARQ – selective repeat ARQ- sliding window techniques – HDLC. LAN: Ethernet IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.4, and IEEE 802.11

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
NETWORK LAYER
 

Internetworks - Packet Switching and Datagram approach – IP addressing methods IP Multicasting and broadcasting– Subnetting – Routing – Distance Vector Routing – Link State Routing – Routers.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
TRANSPORT LAYER
 

Duties of transport layer – Multiplexing – Demultiplexing – Sockets – User Datagram Protocol (UDP) – Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) – Congestion Control – Quality of services (QOS) – Integrated Service

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
IEEE 802.11 WIRELESS LAN ? MAC & NETWORK LAYER
 

IEEE 802.11––  Architecture, Types of stations, 802.11 MAC- DCF, PCF, Hidden Node Problem, RTS,CTS, 802.11 Frame Format, Adhoc Routing Protocols – Proactive Routing, OLSR, Reactive Routing, AODV, Multipath Routing.

Text Books And Reference Books:

T1. Behrouz A. Foruzan, “Data communication and Networking”,5th edition , Tata McGraw-Hill, 2012

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

R1. James .F. Kurouse & W. Rouse, “Computer Networking: A Topdown Approach Featuring”, 7th edition,Pearson Education,2016

R2. Larry L.Peterson & Peter S. Davie, “COMPUTER NETWORKS”, Harcourt Asia Pvt. Ltd., 5th  Edition,2011

R3. Andrew S. Tannenbaum, “Computer Networks”, PHI, 5th  Edition, 2016

R4. William Stallings, “Data and Computer Communication”, 8th  Edition, Pearson Education, 2013

R5. Azzedine Boukerche “Algorithms and Protocols for Wireless, Mobile AdHoc Networks”, Wiley-IEEE Press, 2008

Evaluation Pattern

Components of the CIA
CIA I : Subject Assignments / Online Tests : 10 marks
CIA II : Mid Semester Examination (Theory) : 25 marks
CIAIII:Quiz/Seminar/Case Studies/Project/Innovative Assignments/presentations
/publications : 10 marks
Attendance : 05 marks
Total : 50 marks
Mid Semester Examination (MSE) : Theory Papers:
The MSE is conducted for 50 marks of 2 hours duration.
Question paper pattern; Five out of Six questions have to be answered. Each question carries 10
marks
End Semester Examination (ESE):
The ESE is conducted for 100 marks of 3 hours duration.

ECHO441CS - INTRODUCTION TO BLOCKCHAIN (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:60
No of Lecture Hours/Week:12
Max Marks:100
Credits:4

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

The students should be able to understand a broad overview of the essential concepts of blockchain technology.

Course Objectives: 

  1. Understanding the concepts and the various terminologies in blockchain. 
  2. Familiarizing the various types of algorithms used in distributed computing.
  3. Understanding the workings of blockchain and the mining process.
  4.  Analyzing the various applications of blockchain technologies.
  5. Analyzing the security and privacy issues in the blockchain.

Course Outcome

1: Explain the concepts of Distributed systems, and the fundamentals and types of blockchain

2: Illustrate the various techniques in distributed computing in connection with the crypto primitives

3: Infer the operation of blockchain, the various architectures and structures used in it and essential components in Blockchain 1.0

4: Illustrate the various applications of blockchain technologies and components of Blockchain 2.0

5: Analyse the security issues in blockchain technology

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:12
Introduction
 

Distributed DBMS – Limitations of Distributed DBMS, Introduction to Block chain – History, Definition, Distributed Ledger, Blockchain Categories – Public, Private, Consortium, Blockchain Network and Nodes, Peer-to-Peer Network, Mining Mechanism, Generic elements of Blockchain, Features of Blockchain, and Types of Blockchain

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:12
Basic Distributed Computing & Crypto primitives
 

Atomic Broadcast, Consensus, Byzantine Models of Fault tolerance Hash functions, Puzzle friendly Hash, Collison resistant hash, digital signatures, public key crypto, verifiable random functions, Zero-knowledge systems.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:12
Blockchain 1.0
 

Operation of Bitcoin Blockchain, Blockchain Architecture – Block, Hash, Distributer P2P, Structure of Blockchain- Consensus mechanism: Proof of Work (PoW), Proof of Stake (PoS), Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT), Proof of Authority (PoA) and Proof of Elapsed Time (PoET)

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:12
Blockchain 2.0
 

Ethereum and Smart Contracts, The Turing Completeness of Smart Contract Languages and verification challenges, Using smart contracts to enforce legal contracts, comparing Bitcoin scripting vs. Ethereum Smart Contracts

 

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:12
Privacy, Security issues in Blockchain
 

 Pseudo-anonymity vs. anonymity, Zcash and Zk-SNARKS for anonymity preservation, attacks on Blockchains – such as Sybil attacks, selfish mining, 51% attacks - -advent of algorand, and Sharding based consensus algorithms to prevent these

 

Text Books And Reference Books:
  1. Imran Bashir, “Mastering Blockchain: Distributed Ledger Technology, decentralization, and smart contracts explained”, 2nd Edition, Packt Publishing Ltd, March 2018.
  2. Bellaj Badr, Richard Horrocks, Xun (Brian) Wu, “Blockchain By Example: A developer's guide to creating decentralized applications using Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Hyperledger”, Packt Publishing Limited, 2018. 
Essential Reading / Recommended Reading
  1. Andreas M. Antonopoulos , “Mastering Bitcoin: Unlocking Digital Cryptocurrencies”, O’Reilly Media Inc, 2015.
  2. Arvind Narayanan, Joseph Bonneau, Edward Felten, Andrew Miller and Steven Goldfeder, “Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Technologies: A Comprehensive Introduction”, Princeton University Press, 2016.

 

Evaluation Pattern

Evaluation Pattern:

CIA-1 Evaluated out of

CIA-2 Evaluated out of

CIA-3 Evaluated out of

Total CIA Marks Reduced to

Attendance

ESE

ESE Reduced to

Total

20 Marks

50 Marks

20 Marks

45 Marks

5 Marks

100 Marks

50 Marks

100 Marks

EVS421 - ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:30
No of Lecture Hours/Week:2
Max Marks:0
Credits:0

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

To understand the scope and importance of environmental science towards developing a conscious community for environmental issues, both at global and local scale.  

Course Outcome

CO1: Explain the components and concept of various ecosystems in the environment (L2, PO7)

CO2: Explain the necessity of natural resources management (L2, PO1, PO2 and PO7)

CO3: Relate the causes and impacts of environmental pollution (L4, PO1, PO2, and PO3, PO4)

CO4: Relate climate change/global atmospheric changes and adaptation (L4,PO7)

CO5: Appraise the role of technology and institutional mechanisms for environmental protection (L5, PO8)

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:6
Introduction
 

Environment and Eco systems – Definition, Scope and importance. Components of environment. Concept and Structure of eco systems. Material Cycles – Nitrogen, Carbon, Sulphur, Phosphorous, Oxygen. Energy Flow and classification of Eco systems.   

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:6
Natural Resources
 

Classification and importance- Forest, Water, Mineral, Food, Energy. Management of natural resources – challenges and methods. Sustainable development – Goals, Agriculture, Industries

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:6
Environmental Pollution
 

Causes and Impacts – Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil Pollution, Noise Pollution, Marine Pollution, Municipal Solid Wastes, Bio Medical and E-Waste. Solid Waste Management

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:6
Climate change/Global Atmospheric Change
 

Global Temperature, Greenhouse effect, global energy balance, Global warming potential, International Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) Emission scenarios, Oceans and climate change. Adaptation methods. Green Climate fund. Climate change related planning- small islands and coastal region. Impact on women, children, youths and marginalized communities

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:6
Environmental Protection
 

Technology, Modern Tools – GIS and  Remote Sensing,. Institutional Mechanisms - Environmental Acts and Regulations, Role of government, Legal aspects. Role of Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) , Environmental Education and Entrepreneurship

Text Books And Reference Books:

T1Kaushik A and Kaushik. C. P, “Perspectives in Environmental Studies”New Age International Publishers, New Delhi, 2018 [Unit: I, II, III and IV]

T2Asthana and Asthana, “A text Book of Environmental Studies”, S. Chand, New Delhi, Revised Edition, 2010 [Unit: I, II, III and V]

T3Nandini. N, Sunitha. N and Tandon. S, “environmental Studies” , Sapana, Bangalore,  June 2019 [Unit: I, II, III and IV]

T4R Rajagopalan, “Environmental Studies – From Crisis to Cure”, Oxford, Seventh University Press, 2017, [Unit: I, II, III and IV]

 

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

R1.Miller. G. T and Spoolman. S. E, “Environmental Science”, CENAGE  Learning, New Delhi, 2015

R2.Masters, G andEla, W.P (2015), Introduction to environmental Engineering and Science, 3rd Edition. Pearson., New Delhi, 2013.

R3.Raman Sivakumar, “Principals of Environmental Science and Engineering”, Second Edition, Cengage learning Singapore, 2005.

R4.P. Meenakshi, “Elements of Environmental Science and Engineering”, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, 2006.

R5.S.M. Prakash, “Environmental Studies”, Elite Publishers Mangalore, 2007

R6.ErachBharucha, “Textbook of Environmental Studies”, for UGC, University press, 2005.

R7. Dr. Pratiba Sing, Dr. AnoopSingh and Dr. PiyushMalaviya, “Textbook of Environmental and Ecology”, Acme Learning Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.

Evaluation Pattern

No Evaluation

MA432 - PROBABILITY AND QUEUING THEORY (2022 Batch)

Total Teaching Hours for Semester:45
No of Lecture Hours/Week:3
Max Marks:100
Credits:3

Course Objectives/Course Description

 

Course Description:

This course, Probability and Queuing Theory is offered for three credits in the fourth semester for the various stream Computer Science Engineering and Electronics and Communication Engineering. It describes the fundamentals and advanced concepts of Probability and Random Variable, Standard Distributions, Two Dimensional Random Variables, Random Processes and Markov Chains and Queuing Theory.

 

Course objectives:

To describe the fundamentals and advanced concepts of  probability theory, random process, queuing theory to support the graduate coursework and research.

Course Outcome

CO1: Differentiate the continuous and discrete probability distributions and estimate the probability for the different parameter for the data. {L2} {PO1, PO2, PO3}

CO2: Distinguish different standard distributions like Binomial, Poisson, Uniform, and Normal, gamma, Weibull etc. and able to estimate the probability with proper examples. {L4} {PO1, PO2, PO3}

CO3: Interpret the data with the aid of Covariance Correlation and regression for two-dimensional random variable. {L3} {PO1, PO2, PO3}

CO4: Classify different random processes such as Stationary process, Markov process, Poisson process, Birth and death process, Markov chains, and explain transition probabilities - limiting distributions with examples. {L4} {PO1, PO2, PO3}

CO5: Construct the different Queuing models to find the number of customers in the system, waiting time etc. {L3} {PO1, PO2, PO3}

Unit-1
Teaching Hours:9
Probability and Random Variable
 

Axioms of probability - Conditional probability,  Random variable - Probability mass function - Probability density function  - Properties. Mathematical Expectation and Moments Relation between central and Non-central moments.

Unit-2
Teaching Hours:9
Standard Distributions
 

Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Negative Binomial, Uniform, Exponential, Gamma, Weibull and Normal distributions and their properties - Functions of a random variable. Moment generating functions and their properties.

Unit-3
Teaching Hours:9
Two Dimensional Random Variables
 

Joint distributions - Marginal and conditional distributions – Covariance – Correlation and regression - Transformation of random variables – Central limit theorem.

Unit-4
Teaching Hours:9
Random Processes and Markov Chains
 

Classification - Stationary process - Markov process - Poisson process - Birth and death process - Markov chains - Transition probabilities - Limiting distributions. Transition Diagram.

Unit-5
Teaching Hours:9
Queuing Theory
 

Markovian models – M/M/1, M/M/C , finite and infinite capacity - M/M/∞ queues - Finite source model -  M/G/1 queue (steady state solutions only) – Pollaczek – Khintchine formula – Special cases.Single and Multiple Server System.

Text Books And Reference Books:

Text Books:

T1.  Ross, S., “A first course in probability”, 9th Edition, Pearson Education, Delhi,  2012.

T2.  Medhi J., “Stochastic Processes”, 3rd Edition, New Age Publishers, New Delhi, Reprint 2014. (Chapters 2, 3, & 4)

T3. T.Veerarajan, “Probability, Statistics and Random process”, 3rd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi,  2008.

Essential Reading / Recommended Reading

Reference Books:

R1. Allen., A.O., “Probability, Statistics and Queuing Theory”, Academic press, New Delhi, 1981.

R2. Taha, H. A., “Operations Research-An Introduction”, Seventh Edition, Pearson      Education Edition Asia, Delhi, 2002.

 

R3. Gross, D. and Harris, C.M., “Fundamentals of Queuing theory”, John Wiley and Sons, Second Edition, New York, 1985.

Evaluation Pattern

Continuous Internal Assessment (CIA): 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks)

End Semester Examination(ESE)      : 50% (50 marks out of 100 marks) 

  

S.No

Assessment

Marks

Weightagemarks

1

CIA I

20

10

2

CIA II

     (MSE: Mid Semester Examination)

50

25

3

CIA III

20

10

4

Attendance

10

05

5

ESE

(End Semester Examination)

100

50

Total

100

Components of the CIA

CIA I  :  Subject Assignments / Online Tests                  : 10 marks